Едмунд Хусерл

Едмунд Хусерл
Edmund Husserl 1900.jpg
Едмунд Хусерл
Пуно имеЕдмунд Густав Албрехт Хусерл
Датум рођења(1859-04-08)8. април 1859.
Место рођењаПросниц
Аустријско царство
Датум смрти27. април 1938.(1938-04-27) (79 год.)
Место смртиФрајбург
ШколаУниверзитет у Бечу
Школа филозофијеКонтинентална филозофија
Трансцендентална конститутивна феноменологија (1910-те)[1]
Генетичка феноменологија (1920s–30s)[1]
логички објективизам[2]:13–31
аустријски реализам (рани)[3][4]
индиректни реализам[7]
кореспондациона теорија истине[8]
Утицаји од

Едмунд Густав Албрехт Хусерл (хебр. אדמונד הוסרל, нем. Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl,[12][13][14][15][16] Просниц, Моравска, 8. априла 1859[17]Фрајбург, Немачка, 27. априла 1938) је био немачки филозоф јеврејског порекла, оснивач феноменологије и један од најутицајнијих филозофа 20. века.[18][19] Његово дело је утицало на егзистенцијалисте и на Хајдегера.

Студирао је астрономију, математику, физику и филозофију код Франца Брентана,[20] који је веома утицао на Хусерла. После хабилитације је радио као приватни доцент и касније као професор филозофије на универзитетима у Халеу и касније у Фрајбургу.[21]


  1. ^ Also 'phenomenological epoché' or 'phenomenological bracketing' or transcendental reduction'

Види јошУреди


  1. ^ а б „Search - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy”. www.rep.routledge.com. 
  2. ^ Penelope Rush, "Logical Realism", in: Penelope Rush (ed.), The Metaphysics of Logic, Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 13–31.
  3. ^ Gestalt Theory: Official Journal of the Society for Gestalt Theory and Its Applications (GTA), 22, Steinkopff, 2000, p. 94: "Attention has varied between Continental Phenomenology (late Husserl, Merleau-Ponty) and Austrian Realism (Brentano, Meinong, Benussi, early Husserl)".
  4. ^ Mark Textor, The Austrian Contribution to Analytic Philosophy, Routledge, 2006, pp. 170–1:
    "[Husserl argues in the Logical Investigations that the rightness of a judgement or proposition] shows itself in our experience of self-evidence (Evidenz), which term Husserl takes from Brentano, but makes criterial not of truth per se but of our most secure awareness that things are as we take them to be, when the object of judgement, the state of affairs, is given most fully or adequately. ... In his struggle to overcome relativism, especially psychologism, Husserl stressed the objectivity of truth and its independence of the nature of those who judge it ... A proposition is true not because of some fact about a thinker but because of an objectively existing abstract proposition's relation to something that is not a proposition, namely a state of affairs."
  5. ^ Barry Smith and David Woodruff Smith, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, Cambridge University Press, p. 292.
  6. ^ Zahar, Elie (2001). Poincaré's Philosophy: From Conventionalism to Phenomenology. Chicago: Open Court Pub Co. стр. 211. ISBN 0-8126-9435-X. 
  7. ^ Robin D. Rollinger, Husserl's Position in the School of Brentano, Phaenomenologica 150, Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1999, p. 224 n. 1.
  8. ^ J. N. Mohanty (ed.), Readings on Edmund Husserl’s Logical Investigations, Springer, 1977, p. 191.
  9. ^ Moran, D. and Cohen, J., 2012, The Husserl Dictionary. London, Continuum Press: p. 151 ("Hyletic data (hyletischen Daten)"): "In Ideas I § 85, Husserl uses the term 'hyletic data' to refer to the sensuous constituents of our intentional experiences".
  10. ^ "Pre-reflective self-consciousness" is Shaun Gallagher and Dan Zahavi's term for Husserl's idea that consciousness always involves a self-appearance or self-manifestation (нем. Für-sich-selbst-erscheinens; E. Husserl (1959), Erste Philosophie II 1923–24, Husserliana VIII, Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff, pp. 189, 412) and his idea that the fact that "an appropriate train of sensations or images is experienced, and is in this sense conscious, does not and cannot mean that this is the object of an act of consciousness, in the sense that a perception, a presentation or a judgment is directed upon it" (E. Husserl (1984), *Logische Untersuchungen II, Husserliana XIX/1–2, Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff, p. 165; English translation: Logical Investigations I, translated by J. N. Findlay, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 273). See Shaun Gallagher, *Phenomenology, Springer, 2016, p. 130 and "Phenomenological Approaches to Self-Consciousness", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  11. ^ Smith, B.; Smith, D. W. (1995), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, стр. 301—2, ISBN 0-521-43616-8 
  12. ^ „Husserl”. Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  13. ^ „Husserl”. Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  14. ^ „Husserl”. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th изд.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  15. ^ „Husserl”. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  16. ^ Krech, Eva-Maria; Stock, Eberhard; Hirschfeld, Ursula; Anders, Lutz Christian (2009). Deutsches Aussprachewörterbuch  [German Pronunciation Dictionary] (на језику: немачки). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. стр. 465, 598. ISBN 978-3-11-018202-6. 
  17. ^ Smith, D. W. (2007). Husserl. p. xiv.
  18. ^ Inwood, M. J. (2005). Honderich, Ted, ур. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy . Oxford: Oxford University Press. стр. 408. ISBN 0-19-926479-1. 
  19. ^ Solomon, Robert C. (1999). Audi, Robert, ур. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. стр. 403. ISBN 0-521-63722-8. 
  20. ^ Cooper-Wiele, J. K., The Totalizing Act: Key to Husserl’s Early Philosophy (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989).
  21. ^ Kockelmans, J. K., Phenomenology and the Natural Sciences: Essays and Translations (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1970), p. 3.


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