Едмунд Хусерл

Едмунд Хусерл
Edmund Husserl 1900.jpg
Едмунд Хусерл
Пуно имеЕдмунд Густав Албрехт Хусерл
Датум рођења(1859-04-08)8. април 1859.
Место рођењаПросниц
Аустријско царство
Датум смрти27. април 1938.(1938-04-27) (79 год.)
Место смртиФрајбург
Немачка
ШколаУниверзитет у Бечу
Школа филозофијеКонтинентална филозофија
Феноменологија
Трансцендентална конститутивна феноменологија (1910-те)[1]
Генетичка феноменологија (1920s–30s)[1]
логички објективизам[2]:13–31
аустријски реализам (рани)[3][4]
основаност[5]
концептуализам[6]
индиректни реализам[7]
кореспондациона теорија истине[8]
Идеје
Утицаји од

Едмунд Густав Албрехт Хусерл (хебр. אדמונד הוסרל, нем. Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl,[12][13][14][15][16] Просниц, Моравска, 8. априла 1859[17]Фрајбург, Немачка, 27. априла 1938) је био немачки филозоф јеврејског порекла, оснивач феноменологије и један од најутицајнијих филозофа 20. века.[18][19] Његово дело је утицало на егзистенцијалисте и на Хајдегера.

Студирао је астрономију, математику, физику и филозофију код Франца Брентана,[20] који је веома утицао на Хусерла. После хабилитације је радио као приватни доцент и касније као професор филозофије на универзитетима у Халеу и касније у Фрајбургу.[21]

НапоменеУреди

  1. ^ Also 'phenomenological epoché' or 'phenomenological bracketing' or transcendental reduction'

Види јошУреди

РеференцеУреди

  1. ^ а б „Search - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy”. www.rep.routledge.com. 
  2. ^ Penelope Rush, "Logical Realism", in: Penelope Rush (ed.), The Metaphysics of Logic, Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 13–31.
  3. ^ Gestalt Theory: Official Journal of the Society for Gestalt Theory and Its Applications (GTA), 22, Steinkopff, 2000, p. 94: "Attention has varied between Continental Phenomenology (late Husserl, Merleau-Ponty) and Austrian Realism (Brentano, Meinong, Benussi, early Husserl)".
  4. ^ Mark Textor, The Austrian Contribution to Analytic Philosophy, Routledge, 2006, pp. 170–1:
    "[Husserl argues in the Logical Investigations that the rightness of a judgement or proposition] shows itself in our experience of self-evidence (Evidenz), which term Husserl takes from Brentano, but makes criterial not of truth per se but of our most secure awareness that things are as we take them to be, when the object of judgement, the state of affairs, is given most fully or adequately. ... In his struggle to overcome relativism, especially psychologism, Husserl stressed the objectivity of truth and its independence of the nature of those who judge it ... A proposition is true not because of some fact about a thinker but because of an objectively existing abstract proposition's relation to something that is not a proposition, namely a state of affairs."
  5. ^ Barry Smith and David Woodruff Smith, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, Cambridge University Press, p. 292.
  6. ^ Zahar, Elie (2001). Poincaré's Philosophy: From Conventionalism to Phenomenology. Chicago: Open Court Pub Co. стр. 211. ISBN 0-8126-9435-X. 
  7. ^ Robin D. Rollinger, Husserl's Position in the School of Brentano, Phaenomenologica 150, Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1999, p. 224 n. 1.
  8. ^ J. N. Mohanty (ed.), Readings on Edmund Husserl’s Logical Investigations, Springer, 1977, p. 191.
  9. ^ Moran, D. and Cohen, J., 2012, The Husserl Dictionary. London, Continuum Press: p. 151 ("Hyletic data (hyletischen Daten)"): "In Ideas I § 85, Husserl uses the term 'hyletic data' to refer to the sensuous constituents of our intentional experiences".
  10. ^ "Pre-reflective self-consciousness" is Shaun Gallagher and Dan Zahavi's term for Husserl's idea that consciousness always involves a self-appearance or self-manifestation (нем. Für-sich-selbst-erscheinens; E. Husserl (1959), Erste Philosophie II 1923–24, Husserliana VIII, Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff, pp. 189, 412) and his idea that the fact that "an appropriate train of sensations or images is experienced, and is in this sense conscious, does not and cannot mean that this is the object of an act of consciousness, in the sense that a perception, a presentation or a judgment is directed upon it" (E. Husserl (1984), *Logische Untersuchungen II, Husserliana XIX/1–2, Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff, p. 165; English translation: Logical Investigations I, translated by J. N. Findlay, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 273). See Shaun Gallagher, *Phenomenology, Springer, 2016, p. 130 and "Phenomenological Approaches to Self-Consciousness", Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  11. ^ Smith, B.; Smith, D. W. (1995), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, стр. 301—2, ISBN 0-521-43616-8 
  12. ^ „Husserl”. Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  13. ^ „Husserl”. Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  14. ^ „Husserl”. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th изд.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  15. ^ „Husserl”. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Приступљено 24. 8. 2019. 
  16. ^ Krech, Eva-Maria; Stock, Eberhard; Hirschfeld, Ursula; Anders, Lutz Christian (2009). Deutsches Aussprachewörterbuch  [German Pronunciation Dictionary] (на језику: немачки). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. стр. 465, 598. ISBN 978-3-11-018202-6. 
  17. ^ Smith, D. W. (2007). Husserl. p. xiv.
  18. ^ Inwood, M. J. (2005). Honderich, Ted, ур. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy . Oxford: Oxford University Press. стр. 408. ISBN 0-19-926479-1. 
  19. ^ Solomon, Robert C. (1999). Audi, Robert, ур. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. стр. 403. ISBN 0-521-63722-8. 
  20. ^ Cooper-Wiele, J. K., The Totalizing Act: Key to Husserl’s Early Philosophy (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989).
  21. ^ Kockelmans, J. K., Phenomenology and the Natural Sciences: Essays and Translations (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1970), p. 3.

ЛитератураУреди

  • Adorno, Theodor W., 2013. Against Epistemology. Cambridge: Polity Press. ISBN 978-0745665382
  • Bernet, Rudolf, et al., 1993. Introduction to Husserlian Phenomenology. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. ISBN 0-8101-1030-X
  • da Silva, Jairo José (1993). „Husserl's Philosophy of Mathematics”. Revista Internacional de Filosofía. 2 (16): 121—148. 
  • Derrida, Jacques, 1954 (French), 2003 (English). The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Philosophy. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.
  • --------, 1962 (French), 1976 (English). Introduction to Husserl's The Origin of Geometry. Includes Derrida's translation of Appendix III of Husserl's 1936 The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology.
  • --------, 1967 (French), 1973 (English). Speech and Phenomena (La Voix et le Phénomène), and other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs. ISBN 0-8101-0397-4
  • Everdell, William R. (1998), The First Moderns  (на језику: шпански), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-22480-5 
  • Fine, Kit, 1995, "Part-Whole" in Smith, B., and Smith, D. W., eds., The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fink, Eugen 1995, Sixth Cartesian meditation. The Idea of a Transcendental Theory of Method with textual notations by Edmund Husserl. Translated with an introduction by Ronald Bruzina, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Føllesdal, Dagfinn, 1972, "An Introduction to Phenomenology for Analytic Philosophers" in Olson, R. E., and Paul, A. M., eds., Contemporary Philosophy in Scandinavia. Johns Hopkins University Press: 417-30.
  • Hill, C. O., 1991. Word and Object in Husserl, Frege, and Russell: The Roots of Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Ohio Univ. Press.
  • -------- and Rosado Haddock, G. E., 2000. Husserl or Frege? Meaning, Objectivity, and Mathematics. Open Court.
  • Hopkins, Burt C., (2011). The Philosophy of Husserl. Durham: Acumen.
  • Levinas, Emmanuel, 1963 (French), 1973 (English). The Theory of Intuition in Husserl's Phenomenology. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
  • Köchler, Hans, 1983, "The Relativity of the Soul and the Absolute State of the Pure Ego", Analecta Husserliana 16: 95–107.
  • --------, 1986. Phenomenological Realism. Selected Essays. Frankfurt a. M./Bern: Peter Lang.
  • Mohanty, J. N., 1974, "Husserl and Frege: A New Look at Their Relationship", Research in Phenomenology 4: 51–62.
  • --------, 1982. Edmund Husserl's Theory of Meaning. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
  • --------, 1982. Husserl and Frege. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  • Moran, D. and Cohen, J., 2012, The Husserl Dictionary. London, Continuum Press.
  • Natanson, Maurice, 1973. Edmund Husserl: Philosopher of Infinite Tasks. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. ISBN 0-8101-0425-3
  • Ortiz Hill, Claire; da Silva, Jairo Jose, ур. (1997). The Road Not Taken: On Husserl's Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. College Publications. 
  • Ricœur, Paul, 1967. Husserl: An Analysis of His Phenomenology. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
  • Rollinger, R. D., 1999, Husserl's Position in the School of Brentano in Phaenomenologica 150. Kluwer. ISBN 0-7923-5684-5
  • --------, 2008. Austrian Phenomenology: Brentano, Husserl, Meinong, and Others on Mind and Language. Frankfurt am Main: Ontos-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-86838-005-7
  • Schuhmann, K., 1977. Husserl – Chronik (Denk- und Lebensweg Edmund Husserls). Number I in Husserliana Dokumente. Martinus Nijhoff. ISBN 90-247-1972-0
  • Simons, Peter, 1987. Parts: A Study in Ontology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Sokolowski, Robert. Introduction to Phenomenology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0-521-66792-0
  • Smith, B.; Smith, D. W. (1995), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-43616-8 
  • Smith, David Woodruff, 2007. Husserl London: Routledge.
  • Stiegler, Bernard, 2009. Technics and Time, 2: Disorientation. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Zahavi, Dan, 2003. Husserl's Phenomenology. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4546-3

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