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[[Индо-аријски језици|Индо-аријским]] језицима говори 74% а [[Дравидски језици|дравидским]] језицима 24% становништва. Поред језика из ове две породице у Индији се говоре и [[Аустроазијски језици|аустроазијски]] и [[тибетско-бурмански језици]]. Индија нема службени језик на државном нивоу.{{sfn|Dharwadker|2010|pp = 168–194, 186}} Хинди језик има највише говорника и службени је језик владе.{{sfn|Ottenheimer|2008|p = 303}}{{sfn|Mallikarjun|2004}} Енглески се веома користи у привреди и администрацији и има статус ''помоћног службеног језика'';{{sfn|Ministry of Home Affairs 1960}} важан је у образовању, посебно у средњим школама и на факултетима. Свака савезна држава или територија има један или више службених језика а уставом је признат 21 језик као службени. Уставом Индије признато је 212 племенских заједница које чине 7,5% становништва земље.{{sfn|Bonner|1990|p = 81}}
 
Најбројнија религија у Индији је [[хиндуизам]] који имао више од 800 милиона следбеника (80,5% становништва); следи [[ислам]] са 13,4%, [[хришћанство]] са 2,3%; [[сикизам]] са 1,9; [[будизам]] са 0,8%; [[џаинизам]] са 0,4%; [[јудаизам]], [[зороастризам]], и [[бахаи вера|бахаизам]]. Индија је трећа земља на свету по броју муслимана.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/religion/global-muslim-population-estimated-at-157-billion/article30568.ece | title = Global Muslim population estimated at 1.57 billion | accessdate=02. 505. 2015 | work = | publisher = The Hindu |date=08. 10. 2009.}}</ref>
 
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