Социјализам — разлика између измена

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[[Датотека:Red flag II.svg|десно|мини|150px150п|[[Застава|Црвена застава]], симбол радничког и социјалистичког покрета]]
'''Социјализам''' (енгл. socialism; франц. socialisme; нем. sozialismus; порекло према лат. socialis: друштвени; савезнички), појам који означава идеје, теорије, покрете који теже социјализацији (подруштвљењу) темељних услова људске егзистенције. Настао је у 18. веку у Европи као реакција на индустријализацију и капитализам.<ref>Sinclair, Upton (1. јануар 1918). Upton Sinclair's: A Monthly Magazine: for Social Justice, by Peaceful Means If Possible. »Socialism, you see, is a bird with two wings. The definition is 'social ownership and democratic control of the instruments and means of production.'«</ref><ref>Nove, Alec. „Socialism”. New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition (2008). »A society may be defined as socialist if the major part of the means of production of goods and services is in some sense socially owned and operated, by state, socialised or cooperative enterprises. The practical issues of socialism comprise the relationships between management and workforce within the enterprise, the interrelationships between production units (plan versus markets), and, if the state owns and operates any part of the economy, who controls it and how.«</ref><ref>Nove, Alec. „Socialism”. New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition (2008). »A society may be defined as socialist if the major part of the means of production of goods and services is in some sense socially owned and operated, by state, socialised or cooperative enterprises. The practical issues of socialism comprise the relationships between management and workforce within the enterprise, the interrelationships between production units (plan versus markets), and, if the state owns and operates any part of the economy, who controls it and how.« Rosser, Mariana V. and J Barkley Jr. (23. јул 2003). Comparative Economics in a Transforming World Economy. MIT Press. {{page|year=|isbn=978-0-262-18234-8|pages=53}}. »Socialism is an economic system characterised by state or collective ownership of the means of production, land, and capital.«</ref> Социјализам се кроз историју свог развоја појављивао унутар различитих политичких концепција и теорија, од којих су најзначајније: утопијски социјализам, анархизам, марксизам различитих струја, анти-ауторитарни комунизам, бољшевизам (ауторитарни комунизам), религијски социјализам (хришћански социјализам и сл.), демократски социјализам, социјалдемократија итд.<ref>„What else does a socialist economic system involve? Those who favor socialism generally speak of social ownership, social control, or socialization of the means of production as the distinctive positive feature of a socialist economic system” N. Scott Arnold. The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism : A Critical Study. Oxford University Press. 1998. p. 8</ref><ref>Busky, Donald F. (20. јул 2000). Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey. Praeger. {{page|year=|isbn=978-0-275-96886-1|pages=2}}. »Socialism may be defined as movements for social ownership and control of the economy. It is this idea that is the common element found in the many forms of socialism.«</ref><ref>Bertrand Badie; Dirk Berg-Schlosser; Leonardo Morlino (2011). International Encyclopedia of Political Science. SAGE Publications, Inc. стр. {{page|year=2456|isbn=978-1-4129-5963-6|pages=}} »Socialist systems are those regimes based on the economic and political theory of socialism, which advocates public ownership and cooperative management of the means of production and allocation of resources.«</ref><ref>Zimbalist, Sherman and Brown, Andrew, Howard J. and Stuart (1988). Comparing Economic Systems: A Political-Economic Approach. Harcourt College Pub. {{page|year=|isbn=978-0-15-512403-5|pages=7}}. »Pure socialism is defined as a system wherein all of the means of production are owned and run by the government and/or cooperative, nonprofit groups.«</ref>
 
 
== Анархизам ==
Анархизам, покрет и доктрина унутар социјалистичке теорије и социјалистичког покрета, који се залагао за уређење где се одлучује о свему директно-демократски од стране народа, те због тога нема потребе за вођама и владарима. ИнспириcаниИнспирисани идејама [[Пјер Жозеф Прудон|Пјера Жозефа Прудона]] и праксом Париске комуне из 1871. руски анархисти [[Михаил Бакуњин]] и [[Петар Кропоткин]] заузимали су се за друштво без државе и приватнога власништва. Друштво се разумевало као скуп слободно уједињених комуна (анархистички комунизам) и производних удружења у којем нема вањске присиле (државне, правне, политичке, економске) над појединцима.
 
== Марксизам ==
{{refbegin|30em}}
* {{Citation | first = A Joseph | last=Berlau | title = The German Social Democratic Party, 1914—1921 | place = New York | publisher = Columbia University Press |year=1949}}.
* {{cite book|ref=harv| last=Lamb| first = Peter| last2=Docherty| first2 = J. C.| title = Historical Dictionary of Socialism| edition = 2nd|year=2006| publisher = The Scarecrow Press| location = Lanham|isbn=978-0-8108-5560-1|pages=}}
* Sassoon, Donald. ''One Hundred Years of Socialism: The West European Left in the Twentieth Century''. New Press. . {{page|year=1998|isbn=978-1-56584-486-5|pages=}}
* -{Guy Ankerl, ''Beyond Monopoly Capitalism and Monopoly Socialism'', Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, 1978.}-
* [[Jesús Huerta de Soto]], [https://web.archive.org/web/20070614065637/http://www.jesushuertadesoto.com/pdf_socialismo/indice.pdf ''Socialismo, cálculo económico y función empresarial''] (''Socialism, Economic Calculation, and Entrepreneurship''), Unión Editorial, . {{page|year=1992|isbn=97884-7209-420-8|pages=}}.
* {{Cite book|ref=harv|last=Itoh|first=Makoto|title=Political Economy of Socialism|location=London|publisher=Macmillan|year=1995|isbn=978-0-333-55337-4|pages=}}
* {{Cite book|ref=harv| last=Kitching | first = Gavin |authorlink= Gavin Kitching | title = Rethinking Socialism | publisher = Meuthen |year=1983 | url = http://www.gavinkitching.com/marx_0.htm |isbn=978-0-416-35840-7 | accessdate=29. 077. 2017 | archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20080118040529/http://www.gavinkitching.com/marx_0.htm | archive-date=18. 011. 2008 | dead-url = yes | df = }}
* -{[[Oskar Lange]], ''On the Economic Theory of Socialism'', Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1938.}- {{LCCN|38012882}}.
* Michael Lebowitz, ''[http://www.monthlyreview.org/builditnow.htm Build It Now: Socialism for the 21st century]'', [http://www.monthlyreview.org/ Monthly Review Press], . {{page|year=2006|isbn=978-1-58367-145-0|pages=}}.
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