Спелеологија — разлика између измена

2.755 бајтова додато ,  пре 2 године
Научно истраживање пећина и јама може се искористити у изградњи [[тунел]]а и путева, у искоришћавању подземних резервоара [[Вода|воде]] за снабдевање становништва, у уређењу пећина за [[Туризам|туристичке]] посете и сл.
== Историја ==
Prior to the mid-nineteenth century the scientific value of caves was considered only in its contribution to other branches of science, and cave studies were considered part of the larger disciplines of [[geography]], [[geology]] or [[archaeology]]. Very little cave-specific study was undertaken prior to the work of [[Édouard-Alfred Martel]] (1859–1938), the 'father of modern speleology', who through his extensive and well-publicised cave explorations introduced in France the concept of speleology as a distinct area of study. In 1895 Martel founded the Société de Spéléologie, the first organization devoted to cave science in the world.
The growth of speleology is directly linked with that of the sport of [[caving]], both because of the stimulation of public interest and awareness, and the fact that most speleological field-work has been conducted by sport [[caver]]s.
== Опрема ==
Циљ oprемања објекта јесте да се ужарија причврсти на стену тако да спелеолози могу да се крећу по објекту на безбедан начин.
== ИзвориРеференце ==
== Литература ==
* {{Cite book|ref= harv|last=Marbach|first=George |last2=Tourte|first2=Bernard |last3=Alspaugh|first3=Melanie|title = Alpine Caving Techniques: A Complete Guide to Safe and Efficient Caving|year=2002|isbn=978-3-908495-10-9|edition=2002|accessdate = 4. 3. 2017}}
* {{Cite book |title= Cave Minerals of the World 2nd Edition |author= Carol A. Hill |author2= Paolo Forti |publisher= Natl Speleological Society |edition= 2nd |date= 1997 |isbn= 1879961075 }}
* {{Cite book |title= Speleology: Caves & the Cave Environment |author= George W. Moore |author2= G. Nicholas Sullivan |others= National Speleological Society |publisher= Cave Books |edition= revised |date= 1. 6. 1997 |isbn= 0939748460 }}
== Спољашње везе ==
* [http://www.speleoencyclopedia.com Encyclopaedia Speleologica]
* -{[http://caves.org/ National Speleological Society]}-
* -{[http://www.goodearthgraphics.com/virtcave/index.html The Virtual Cave], an online guide to speleothems}-
* -{[http://www.utexas.edu/tmm/sponsored_sites/biospeleology Biospeleology; The Biology of Caves, Karst, and Groundwater], by Texas Natural Science Center, the [[University of Texas at Austin]] and the [[Missouri Department of Conservation]]}-
* -{[https://web.archive.org/web/20120119214928/http://www.network.speleogenesis.info/index.php Speleogenesis Network], a communication platform for physical speleology and karst science research}-
* -{[http://www.caves.res.in/ National Cave Research and Protection Organization], India}-
* -{[https://web.archive.org/web/20060818112024/http://www.cave-biology.org/ cave-biology.org Cave biology], biospeleology in [[India]]}-
* -{[https://web.archive.org/web/20151206164020/http://www.cavebiota.com/ Cave Biota; an evolving "webumentary"], sponsored by [[Hoosier National Forest]] and Indiana Karst Conservancy}-
* -{[https://web.archive.org/web/20150508103516/http://www.ijs.speleo.it/ IJS – Home Page] (International Journal of Speleology) (in English, Italian, French, German, and Spanish)}-
* -{[http://cavingnews.com/ Caving News], Daily news and articles on caves, caving, speleology, karst and other information for cavers.}-
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