Грчка митологија — разлика између измена

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{{short description|корпус митова пореклом из старе Грчке}}
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'''Грчка митологија''' је корпус [[мит]]ова који воде порекло из [[Античка Грчка|античке Грчке]]. Ове приче се баве [[Космогонија|пореклом]] и [[Космологија|природом света]], животом и активностима [[Списак грчких божанстава|божанстава]], [[Култ грчких хероја|хероја]], и [[Списак грчких митолошких бића|митолошких бића]], као и пореклом и значењем [[Култ (религијски обичај)|култа]] и [[ритуал]]а старих Грка. Савремени научници проучавају митове у покушају да расветле религијске и политичке установе античке Грчке и њене цивилизације, и да стекну разумевање природе мита.<ref name="Helios">{{cite encyclopedia|title=Volume: Hellas, Article: Greek Mythology|encyclopedia=[[Encyclopaedia The Helios]]|year=1952}}</ref>
 
Грчки митови су првобитно ширени у [[Усмена традиција|усмено-поетичком традицијом]] највјеројатније од стране минојских и микенских певача, почевши од 18. века пре нове ере;<ref>{{cite web|last1last=Cartwirght|first1first=Mark|title=Greek Mythology|url=https://www.ancient.eu/Greek_Mythology/|website=Ancient History Encyclopedia|accessdate=26. March03. 2018.}}</ref> и на крају митове о херојима [[Тројански рат|тројанског рата]] и његовим последицама, који су постали део усмене традиције преко [[Хомер]]ових [[еп]]ова, ''[[Илијада]]е'' и ''[[Одисеја|Одисеје]]''. Две песме Хомеровог савременика, [[Хесиод]]а, ''[[Теогонија]]'' и ''[[Послови и дани]]'', садрже приче о настанку света, наслеђу божанских владара, стварању човека, пореклу људских невоља и жртвених пракси. Митови су такође сачувани у [[Хомерске химне|Хомерским химнама]], у одељцима [[еп]]ова о [[Епски циклус|епском циклусу]], у [[Лирика|лирским песмама]], [[трагедија]]ма и [[Античка грчка комедија|комедијама]] из петог века пре нове ере, у научним и песничким списима [[Хеленистичка ера|хеленистичког доба]], и текстови из времена [[Римско царство|римског царства]] писаним од стране [[Плутарх]]а и [[Паусанија (путописац)|Паусаније]].
 
Поред приповедачких налазишта [[Хеленска књижевност|античке Грчке књижевности]], сликовити прикази богова, хероја и митолошких догађаја били су истакнути на древним [[Грнчарије античке Грчке|вазама-сликама]] и украс [[заветоване жртве|заветованих жртава]] и многим другим артефактима. Геометријски нацрти на керамици из осмог века пре нове ере приказују сцене из тројанског циклуса као и [[Херакле|Хераклове]] подвиге. In the succeeding [[Архајски период (Грчка)|архајског]], [[Класична Грчка|класичног]], и [[Хеленистичка Грчка|хеленистичког]] периода, појављују се Хомерске и разне друге митолошке сцене, које допуњују постојеће књижевне изворе.<ref name="Br">{{cite encyclopedia|title=Greek Mythology|encyclopedia=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]]|year=2002}}</ref>
* Herodotus, ''[[Histories (Herodotus)|The Histories]]'', I. ''See original text in the [http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hh/hh1000.htm Sacred Texts]''.
* Hesiod, ''Works and Days''. ''[http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hesiod/works.htm Translated into English] by Hugh G. Evelyn-White''.
* {{cite wikisource |title=Theogony |author=Hesiod |authorlink=Hesiod |translator=[[Hugh Gerard Evelyn-White]] |year=1914}}
* Homer, ''Iliad''. ''See original text in [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0133:book=1:card=1 Perseus program]''.
* ''Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite''. ''[https://web.archive.org/web/20030202153600/http://courses.dce.harvard.edu/~clase116/txt_aphrodite.html Translated into English] by [[Gregory Nagy]]''.
* Plato, ''[[Apology (Plato)|Apology]]''. ''See original text in [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0169:text=Apol.:section=17a Perseus program]''.
* Plato, ''[[Theaetetus (dialogue)|Theaetetus]]''. ''See original text in [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0172%3Adiv1%3DTheaet. Perseus program]''.
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Ackerman | first=Robert | title=Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion by Jane Ellen Harrison | publisher=Princeton University Press | year=1991|edition=Reprint | isbn=978-0-691-01514-9 | chapter=Introduction}}
* {{citeCite book |author1ref=harv|last=G|first=Albala Ken G |author2=Johnson Claudia Durst |author3=Johnson Vernon E. | title=Understanding the Odyssey | publisher=Courier Dover Publications | year=2000 | isbn=978-0-486-41107-1 | chapter=Origin of Mythology}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Algra | first=Keimpe | title=The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy | publisher=Cambridge University Press | year=1999 | isbn=978-0-521-44667-9 | chapter=The Beginnings of Cosmology}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Allen | first=Douglas | title=Structure & Creativity in Religion: Hermeneutics in Mircea Eliade's Phenomenology and New Directions | publisher=Walter de Gruyter | year=1978 | isbn=978-90-279-7594-2 | chapter=Early Methological Approaches}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Argonaut|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica|year=2002}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Betegh | first=Gábor | title=The Derveni Papyrus | publisher=Cambridge University Press | year=2004 | isbn=978-0-521-80108-9 | chapter=The Interpretation of the poet}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Bonnefoy | first=Yves | title=Greek and Egyptian Mythologies | publisher=University of Chicago Press | year=1992 | isbn=978-0-226-06454-3 | chapter=Kinship Structures in Greek Heroic Dynasty}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Bulfinch | first=Thomas | title=Bulfinch's Greek and Roman Mythology | publisher=Greenwood Press | year=2003 | isbn=978-0-313-30881-9 | chapter=Greek Mythology and Homer}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Burkert | first=Walter | title=Greek Religion: Archaic and Classical (translated by John Raffan) | publisher=Blackwell Publishing | year=2002 | isbn=978-0-631-15624-6 | chapter=Prehistory and the Minoan Mycenaen Era}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Burn | first=Lucilla | title=Greek Myths | publisher=University of Texas Press | year=1990 | isbn=978-0-292-72748-9|pages=}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Bushnell | first=Rebecca W. | title=Medieval A Companion to Tragedy | publisher=Blackwell Publishing| year=2005 | isbn=978-1-4051-0735-8 | chapter=Helicocentric Stoicism in the Saturnalia: The Egyptian Apollo}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Chance | first=Jane | title=Medieval Mythography | publisher=University Press of Florida | year=1994 | isbn=978-0-8130-1256-8 | chapter=Helicocentric Stoicism in the Saturnalia: The Egyptian Apollo}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Caldwell | first=Richard | title=Approaches to Greek Myth | publisher=[[Johns Hopkins University Press]] | year=1990 | isbn=978-0-8018-3864-4 | chapter=The Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Greek Myth}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Calimach | first=Andrew | title=Lovers' Legends: The Gay Greek Myths | publisher=Haiduk Press| year=2002 | isbn=978-0-9714686-0-3 | chapter=The Cultural Background}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Cartledge | first=Paul A. | title=The Greeks | publisher=[[Oxford University Press]] | year=2002 | isbn=978-0-19-280388-7 | chapter=Inventing the Past: History v. Myth}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Cartledge | first=Paul A. | title=The Spartans (translated in Greek) | publisher=Livanis | year=2004 | isbn=978-960-14-0843-9|pages=}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Cashford | first=Jules | title=The Homeric Hymns | publisher=Penguin Classics | year=2003 | isbn=978-0-14-043782-9 | chapter=Introduction}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Dowden | first=Ken | title=The Uses of Greek Mythology | publisher=Routledge (UK) | year=1992 | isbn=978-0-415-06135-3| chapter=Myth and Mythology}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Dunlop | first=John | title=The History of Fiction | publisher=Carey and Hart | year=1842 | chapter=Romances of Chivalry | isbn=978-1-149-40338-9|pages=}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Edmunds | first=Lowell | title=Approaches to Greek Myth | publisher=Johns Hopkins University Press | year=1980 | isbn=978-0-8018-3864-4 | chapter=Comparative Approaches}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Euhemerus|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica|year=2002}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Foley | first=John Miles | title=Homer's Traditional Art | publisher=[[Penn State Press]] | year=1999 | isbn=978-0-271-01870-6 | chapter=Homeric and South Slavic Epic}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Gale | first=Monica R. | title=Myth and Poetry in Lucretius | publisher=Cambridge University Press| year=1994 | isbn=978-0-521-45135-2 | chapter=The Cultural Background}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Greek Mythology|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica|year=2002}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Greek Religion|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica|year=2002}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Griffin | first=Jasper | title=The Oxford Illustrated History of Greece and the Hellenistic World edited by John Boardman, Jasper Griffin and Oswyn Murray | publisher=Oxford University Press | year=1986 | isbn=978-0-19-285438-4 | chapter=Greek Myth and Hesiod}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Grimal | first=Pierre | title=The Dictionary of Classical Mythology | publisher=Blackwell Publishing | year=1986 | isbn=978-0-631-20102-1 | chapter=Argonauts}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Hacklin | first=Joseph | title=Asiatic Mythology | publisher=Asian Educational Services | year=1994 | isbn=978-81-206-0920-4 | chapter=The Mythology of Persia}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Hanson | first=Victor Davis | last2=Heath | first2=John | title=Who Killed Homer (translated in Greek by Rena Karakatsani) | publisher=Kakos | year=1999 | isbn=978-960-352-545-5|pages=}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Hard | first=Robin | title=The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology: based on H. J. Rose's "A Handbook of Greek mythology" | publisher=Routledge (UK) | year=2003 | isbn=978-0-415-18636-0 | chapter=Sources of Greek Myth}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Heracles|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica|year=2002}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Jung Carl Gustav | first=Kerényi Karl | title=Essays on a Science of Mythology | publisher=Princeton University Press | year=2001|edition=Reprint | isbn=978-0-691-01756-3 | chapter=Prolegomena}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Jung | first=C.J. | title=Science of Mythology | publisher=Routledge (UK) | year=2002 | isbn=978-0-415-26742-7 | chapter=Troy in Latin and French Joseph of Exeter's "Ylias" and Benoît de Sainte-Maure's "Roman de Troie"}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Kelly | first=Douglas | title=An Outline of Greek and Roman Mythology | publisher=Douglas Kelly | year=2003 | isbn=978-0-415-18636-0 | chapter=Sources of Greek Myth}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Kelsey| first=Francis W. | title=A Handbook of Greek Mythology | publisher=Allyn and Bacon | year=1889}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Kirk| first=Geoffrey Stephen | authorlink = Geoffrey Kirk | title = Myth: Its Meaning and Functions in Ancient and Other Cultures | url = https://books.google.com/?id=OFO_NQJh8L0C&printsec=frontcover | publisher=University of California Press | year=1973 | isbn=978-0-520-02389-5 | chapter= The Thematic Simplicity of the Myths | chapterurl = https://books.google.com/books?id=OFO_NQJh8L0C&pg=PA172&lpg=PA172&dq=%22The+Thematic+Simplicity+of+the+Myths%22+kirk}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Kirk| first=Geoffrey Stephen | title = The Nature of Greek Myths | publisher = Penguin | location = Harmondsworth | year=1974 | isbn = 978-0-14-021783-4}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Klatt J. Mary | first=Brazouski Antoinette | title=Children's Books on Ancient Greek and Roman Mythology: An Annotated Bibliography | publisher=Greenwood Press | year=1994 | isbn=978-0-313-28973-6 | chapter=Preface}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|encyclopedia=[[Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae]]|publisher=Artemis-Verlag|date=1981–1999}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Miles | first=Geoffrey | title=Classical Mythology in English Literature: A Critical Anthology | publisher=University of Illinois Press | year=1999 | isbn=978-0-415-14754-5 | chapter=The Myth-kitty}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Morris | first=Ian | title=Archaeology As Cultural History | publisher=Blackwell Publishing | year=2000 | isbn=978-0-631-19602-0|pages=}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=myth|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica|year=2002}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Nagy | first=Gregory | title=Greek Mythology and Poetics | publisher=[[Cornell University Press]] | year=1992 | isbn=978-0-8014-8048-5 | chapter=The Hellenization of the Indo-European Poetics}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Nilsson | first=Martin P. | title=Greek Popular Religion | publisher=Columbia University Press | year=1940 | chapter=The Religion of Eleusis | chapter-url=http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/gpr/gpr07.htm}}
* {{citeCite book |author1ref=harv|author=North John A. |author2=Beard Mary |author3=Price Simon R.F. | title=Classical Mythology in English Literature: A Critical Anthology | publisher=Cambridge University Press | year=1998 | isbn=978-0-521-31682-8 | chapter=The Religions of Imperial Rome}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Papadopoulou | first=Thalia | title=Heracles and Euripidean Tragedy | publisher=Cambridge University Press | year=2005 | isbn=978-0-521-85126-8 | chapter=Introduction}}
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* {{cite journal|last=Poleman|first=Horace I.|title=Review of "Ouranos-Varuna. Etude de mythologie comparee indo-europeenne by Georges Dumezil" |journal="Journal of the American Oriental Society"|volume=63|issue=1|pages=78–7978-79|date=March 1943|jstor=594160}}
* {{cite journal|last=Reinhold|first=Meyer|title=The Generation Gap in Antiquity |journal="Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society"|volume=114|issue=5|pages=347–65347-65|date=October 20,. 10. 1970|jstor=985800}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Rose | first=Herbert Jennings | title=A Handbook of Greek Mythology | publisher=Routledge (UK) | year=1991 | isbn=978-0-415-04601-5|pages=}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Segal | first=Robert A. | title=Myth and the Polis edited by Dora Carlisky Pozzi, John Moore Wickersham| publisher=Cornell University Press | year=1991 | isbn=978-0-8014-2473-1 | chapter=A Greek Eternal Child}}
* {{cite journal|last=Segal|first=Robert A.|title=The Romantic Appeal of Joseph Campbell|journal="Christian Century"|date=April4. 4,. 1990|url=http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=766|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070107075423/http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=766|archivedate=January 7,. 1. 2007|df=}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Segal | first=Robert A. | title=Theorizing about Myth| publisher=Univ of Massachusetts Press | year=1999 | isbn=978-1-55849-191-5 | chapter=Jung on Mythology}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Stoll | first=Heinrich Wilhelm (translated by R. B. Paul) | title=Handbook of the religion and mythology of the Greeks| publisher=Francis and John Rivington | year=1852}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Trobe | first=Kala | title=Invoke the Gods| publisher=Llewellyn Worldwide | year=2001 | isbn=978-0-7387-0096-0 | chapter=Dionysus}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Trojan War|encyclopedia=[[Encyclopaedia The Helios]]|year=1952}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Troy|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica|year=2002}}
* {{cite encyclopedia|title=Volume: Hellas, Article: Greek Mythology|encyclopedia=Encyclopaedia The Helios|year=1952}}
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* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Hamilton | first=Edith | authorlink=Edith Hamilton | title=Mythology| publisher= Back Bay Books | origyear=1942|edition=New|year=1998 | isbn=978-0-316-34151-6|pages=}}
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* [[William Smith (lexicographer)|Smith, William]] (1870), ''[https://web.archive.org/web/20051130005902/http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology]''.
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Veyne| first=Paul | authorlink=Paul Veyne | others = (translated by Paula Wissing) | title=Did the Greeks Believe in Their Myths? An Essay on Constitutive Imagination | publisher= University of Chicago | year=1988| isbn=978-0-226-85434-2 | url = https://books.google.com/?id=EpbZLRPGgBsC&printsec=frontcover}}
* {{citeCite book |ref=harv| last=Woodward | first= Roger D. (editor) |title=The Cambridge Companion to Greek Mythology| publisher = Cambridge University Press | location = Cambridge; New York | year = 2007 | isbn = 978-0-521-84520-5 | url = https://books.google.com/?id=TQyRX6WmMUMC&printsec=frontcover}}
{{refend}}
 
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