Хорус — разлика између измена

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[[Датотека:Horus standing.svg|мини|200п|Хорус]]
'''Хорус''' или '''Хор''' је једно од најстаријих [[Стари Египат|египатских]] божанстава, отелотворен у владару (односно [[фараон]]у), син је бога подземног света, [[Озирис]]а и богиње [[Изида|Изиде]], који се око престола бори са [[Сет (митологија)|Сетом]]. Најпознатији Хорусов храм се налази у [[Едфу]]у у [[Горњи Египат|Горњем Египту]].<ref>{{cite book|last=Sims|first=Lesley|title=A Visitor's Guide to Ancient Egypt|date=2000|chapter=Gods & goddesses|location=Saffron Hill, London|publisher=[[Usborne Publishing]]|page=29|isbn=0-7460-30673}}</ref> Изграђен је између 173. и 167. п. н. е.
Најпознатији Хорусов храм се налази у [[Едфу]]у у [[Горњи Египат|Горњем Египту]]. Изграђен је између 173. и 167. п. н. е.
He was worshipped from at least the late [[prehistoric Egypt]] until the [[Ptolemaic Kingdom]] and [[Egypt (Roman province)|Roman Egypt]]. Different forms of Horus are recorded in history and these are treated as distinct gods by [[Egyptology|Egyptologists]].<ref name="oxford">"The Oxford Guide: Essential Guide to Egyptian Mythology", Edited by Donald B. Redford, Horus: by Edmund S. Meltzer, pp.&nbsp;164–168, Berkley, 2003, {{ISBN|0-425-19096-X}}</ref> These various forms may possibly be different manifestations of the same multi-layered deity in which certain attributes or [[Syncretism|syncretic]] relationships are emphasized, not necessarily in opposition but complementary to one another, consistent with how the Ancient Egyptians viewed the multiple facets of reality.<ref>"The Oxford Guide: Essential Guide to Egyptian Mythology", Edited by Donald B. Redford, p106 & p165, Berkley, 2003, {{ISBN|0-425-19096-X}}</ref> He was most often depicted as a falcon, most likely a [[lanner falcon]] or [[peregrine falcon]], or as a man with a falcon head.<ref>Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). ''The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt''. Thames & Hudson. p. 202.</ref>
The earliest recorded form of Horus is the [[tutelary deity]] of [[Nekhen]] in [[Upper Egypt]], who is the first known national god, specifically related to the ruling [[pharaoh]] who in time came to be regarded as a manifestation of Horus in life and [[Osiris]] in death.<ref name="oxford"/> The most commonly encountered family relationship describes Horus as the son of [[Isis]] and Osiris, and he plays a key role in the [[Osiris myth]] as Osiris's heir and the rival to [[Set (deity)|Set]], the murderer of Osiris. In another tradition [[Hathor]] is regarded as his mother and sometimes as his wife.<ref name="oxford"/> Horus served many functions, most notably being a god of kingship and the sky.
== Порекло митологије ==
Horus was born to the goddess Isis after she retrieved all the dismembered body parts of her murdered husband Osiris, except his [[Human penis#Object of worship|penis]], which was thrown into the Nile and eaten by a [[catfish]],<ref>{{Cite news|title=New York folklore quarterly|author=New York Folklore Society|publisher=[[Cornell University Press]]|year=1973|volume=29|page=294|url=https://books.google.com/books?lr=&cd=4&id=92LYAAAAMAAJ&dq=horus+isis+osiris+penis&q=penis#search_anchor}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|title=The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt|author=[[Ian Shaw (Egyptologist)|Ian Shaw]]|publisher=Oxford University Press|year=2003| isbn = 978-0-19-815034-3 }}</ref> or sometimes depicted as instead by a [[crab]], and according to [[Plutarch]]'s account used her magic powers to resurrect Osiris and fashion a [[phallus]]<ref>{{cite book|title=Eunuchs and castrati: a cultural history|author=Piotr O. Scholz|publisher=Markus Wiener Publishers|year=2001|page=32| isbn = 978-1-55876-201-5 |url=https://books.google.com/?id=N90jBg01ZI0C&pg=PA32&dq=horus+isis+osiris+penis&cd=9#v=onepage&q=horus%20isis%20osiris%20penis&f=false}}</ref> to conceive her son (older Egyptian accounts have the penis of Osiris surviving).
After becoming pregnant with Horus, Isis fled to the [[Nile Delta]] marshlands to hide from her brother [[Set (deity)|Set]], who jealously killed Osiris and who she knew would want to kill their son.<ref name="World mythology">{{cite book|title=World Mythology|author=Roy G. Willis|publisher=Macmillan|year=1993|page=43| isbn = 978-0-8050-2701-3 |url=https://books.google.com/?id=ojccFpRU8DwC&pg=PA44&dq=horus&cd=3#v=onepage&q=horus&f=false}}</ref> There Isis bore a divine son, Horus.
== Култно место ==
{{Портал|Стари Египат}}
* -{[http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/mythology/horus_sun.html&edu=high UCAR educational article about Horus]}-
* -{[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/272528/Horus Britannica Online: Horus (Egyptian God)]}-
{{Египатска божанства}}
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[[Категорија:Египатска митологија]]