Istorija hrišćanstva — разлика између измена

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{{Hrišćanstvo-lat}}
#redirect [[Хришћанство#Историја хришћанства]]
'''Istorija hrišćanstva''' odnosi se na [[Christianity|hrišćansku religiju]], [[Christendom|hrišćanski svet]] i [[Хришћанска црква|crkvu]] sa svojim različitim [[Хришћанске деноминације|denominacijama]], od [[Christianity in the 1st century|1. veka]] do [[Christianity in the 21st century|danas]].
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Christianity originated with the ministry of Jesus in the 1st century Roman province of [[Judea (Roman province)|Judea]]. According to the [[Gospel]]s, [[Jesus]] was a Jewish teacher and healer who proclaimed the imminent [[Kingdom of God]], and was crucified at c.30–33 AD. His followers believed that he was then [[Resurrection of Jesus|raised from the dead]] and exalted by God, and would return soon at the inception of God's Kingdom.
 
The earliest followers of [[Jesus]] were [[apocalypticism|apocalyptic]] [[Jewish Christian]]s. Due to the inclusion of [[gentile]]s, the developing [[Early Christianity|early Christian Church]] gradually [[Split of early Christianity and Judaism|grew apart]] from [[Judaism]] and [[Jewish Christianity]] during the first two centuries of the [[Christian Era]].
 
In 313, Emperor [[Constantine I (emperor)|Constantine I]] issued the [[Edict of Milan]], officially legalizing Christian worship. In 380, with the [[Edict of Thessalonica]] put forth under [[Theodosius I]], the Roman Empire officially adopted [[Trinitarianism|Trinitarian]] Christianity as its state religion, and Christianity established itself as a predominantly [[gentile]] religion in the [[state church of the Roman Empire]].
 
Christological debates about the human and divine nature of Jesus consumed the Christian Church for a couple of centuries, and seven eucumenical councils took place to resolve these debates. [[Arianism]] was condemned at the Council of Nicea (325), which supported the Trinitarian doctrine as expounded in the [[Nicene Creed]].
 
In the early Middle Ages, missionary activities spread Christianity towards the west among German peoples. During the High Middle Ages, eastern and western Christianity grew apart, leading to the [[East-West Schism]] of 1054. Growing criticism of the Roman Catholic ecclesiological structure and its behaviour, led to the Protestant movement of the 16th century and the split of western Christianity.
 
Since the [[Renaissance era]], with western [[colonialism]], Christianity has expanded throughout the world.<ref>Adherents.com, [http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html ''Religions by Adherents'']</ref> Today there are more than two billion Christians worldwide, and Christianity has become the world's largest religion.<ref>BBC Documentary: A History of Christianity by Diarmaid MacCulloch, Oxford University</ref>
 
== Reference ==
{{Reflist}}
 
== Literatura ==
{{refbegin|30em}}
* [[John Bowden (theologian)|Bowden, John]]. ''Encyclopedia of Christianity'' (2005), 1406 pp [https://www.amazon.com/dp/0195223934/ excerpt and text search]
* {{Cite book
| last = Cameron
| first = Averil
| title = Christianity and the Rhetoric of Empire: The Development of Christian Discourse
| publisher = University of California Press
| year = 1994
| location = Berkeley, California
| pages = 275
| url = https://books.google.com/?id=QOlHkpXPTQoC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
| isbn = 0-520-08923-5
}}
* [[Philip Carrington|Carrington, Philip]]. ''The Early Christian Church'' (2 vol. 1957) [https://www.questia.com/read/13569586 vol 1]; [https://www.questia.com/read/23514152 online edition vol 2]
* {{Cite book|ref=harv|last=Edwards|first=Mark|year=2009|title=Catholicity and Heresy in the Early Church|publisher=Ashgate|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=z9acTl-jAkAC|isbn=9780754662914}}
* {{Cite book |last = González|first = Justo L. |title = The Story of Christianity: Vol. 1: The Early Church to the Reformation |publisher = Harper |year = 1984 |isbn = 0-06-063315-8}}; {{Cite book |title = The Story of Christianity, Vol. 2: The Reformation to the Present Day |year = 1985 |isbn = 0-06-063316-6}}
* {{Cite book |last = Grabar|first = André |year = 1968 |title = Christian iconography, a study of its origins |publisher = Princeton University Press |isbn = 0-691-01830-8}}
* {{Cite book |last = Hastings|first = Adrian |year = 1999 |title = A World History of Christianity |publisher = Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing |place= Grand Rapids |isbn = 0-8028-4875-3}}
* Holt, Bradley P. ''Thirsty for God: A Brief History of Christian Spirituality'' (2nd ed. 2005)
* Jacomb-Hood, Anthony. ''Rediscovering the New Testament Church''. CreateSpace (2014). {{ISBN|978-1978377585}}.
* [[Paul Johnson (writer)|Johnson, Paul]]. ''[[A History of Christianity (Johnson book)|A History of Christianity]]'' (1976) [https://www.amazon.com/dp/0684815036 excerpt and text search]
* {{cite book|author=Koschorke, Klaus|title=A History of Christianity in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, 1450–1990: A Documentary Sourcebook|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=dbq6fkyp698C&pg=PA389|year=2007|publisher=Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing|display-authors=etal|isbn=9780802828897}} [https://www.amazon.com/History-Christianity-Africa-America-1450-1990/dp/0802828892/ excerpt and text search and highly detailed table of contents]
* {{Cite book |last = Latourette|first = Kenneth Scott |title = A History of Christianity, Volume 1: Beginnings to 1500 |edition= revised |year = 1975 |publisher = Harper |isbn = 0-06-064952-6}} [https://www.amazon.com/dp/0060649526 excerpt and text search]; {{Cite book |title = A History of Christianity, Volume 2: 1500 to 1975 |year = 1975 |isbn = 0-06-064953-4 }}
* Livingstone, E. A., ed. ''The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church'' (2nd ed. 2006) [https://www.amazon.com/dp/019861442X/ excerpt and text search] online at [http://www.oxfordreference.com Oxford Reference]
* [[Diarmaid MacCulloch|MacCulloch, Diarmaid]]. ''[[A History of Christianity: The First Three Thousand Years]]'' (2010)
* McLeod, Hugh, and Werner Ustorf, eds. ''The Decline of Christendom in Western Europe, 1750–2000'' (2003) 13 essays by scholars; [https://www.questia.com/read/107349727 online edition]
* [[John Anthony McGuckin|McGuckin, John Anthony]]. ''The Orthodox Church: An Introduction to its History, Doctrine, and Spiritual Culture'' (2010), 480pp [https://www.amazon.com/dp/1444337319/ excerpt and text search]
* [[John Anthony McGuckin|McGuckin, John Anthony]]. ''The Encyclopedia of Eastern Orthodox Christianity'' (2011), 872pp
* {{Cite book |last = Shelley|first = Bruce L. |year = 1996 |title = Church History in Plain Language |edition = 2nd |isbn = 0-8499-3861-9}}
* {{cite book |last=Ricciotti |first=Giuseppe |date=1999 |title=Julian the Apostate: Roman Emperor (361-363) |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=L1c9CwAAQBAJ |location= |publisher=TAN Books |page= |isbn=1505104548 |author-link=Giuseppe Ricciotti |ref=harv}}
* [[Rodney Stark|Stark, Rodney]]. ''The Rise of Christianity'' (1996)
* Tomkins, Stephen. ''A Short History of Christianity'' (2006) [https://www.amazon.com/dp/0802833829 excerpt and text search]
{{refend}}
 
== Spoljašnje veze ==
{{Commons category-lat|History of Christianity}}
{{refbegin|30em}}
* [http://www.tyndale.ca/seminary/mtsmodular/reading-rooms/history History of Christianity Reading Room:] Extensive online resources for the study of global church history (Tyndale Seminary).
* [https://archive.today/20071016200443/http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv1%E2%80%9349 ''Dictionary of the History of Ideas'':] Christianity in History
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20120111152750/http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv1%E2%80%9350 ''Dictionary of the History of Ideas'':] Church as an Institution
* [http://bible.christianity.com/History/AD/SketchesofChurchHistory/ Sketches of Church History] From AD&nbsp;33 to the Reformation by Rev. J. C Robertson, M.A.,Canon of Canterbury
* {{cite EB1911|wstitle=Church History|volume=6|pages=330–45|short=y}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20170420050908/http://historyofchristianity.org.uk/ A History of Christianity in 15 Objects]
* [http://www.thearda.com American Religion Data Archive]
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20150924085906/http://www.religiousbook.net/Books/Online_books/Sh/Heart_20.html Early Stages of the Establishment of Christianity]
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20100724191531/http://www.theandros.com/ Theandros], a journal of Orthodox theology and philosophy, containing articles on early Christianity and patristic studies.
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20070202101418/http://baptistpillar.com/bd0547.htm Historical Christianity], A timeline with references to the descendants of the early church.
* [http://www.shol.com/featheredprop/Timeline.htm Reformation Timeline], A short timeline of the Protestant Reformation.
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20130126010821/http://www.fourthcentury.com/ Fourth-Century Christianity]
{{refend}}
 
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