'''Istorija hrišćanstva''' odnosi se na [[Christianity|hrišćansku religiju]], [[Christendom|hrišćanski svet]] i [[Хришћанска црква|crkvu]] sa svojim različitim [[Хришћанске деноминације|denominacijama]], od [[Christianity in the 1st century|1. veka]] do [[Christianity in the 21st century|danas]].
Christianity originated with the ministry of Jesus in the 1st century Roman province of [[Judea (Roman province)|Judea]]. According to the [[Gospel]]s, [[Jesus]] was a Jewish teacher and healer who proclaimed the imminent [[Kingdom of God]], and was crucified at c.30–33 AD. His followers believed that he was then [[Resurrection of Jesus|raised from the dead]] and exalted by God, and would return soon at the inception of God's Kingdom.
The earliest followers of [[Jesus]] were [[apocalypticism|apocalyptic]] [[Jewish Christian]]s. Due to the inclusion of [[gentile]]s, the developing [[Early Christianity|early Christian Church]] gradually [[Split of early Christianity and Judaism|grew apart]] from [[Judaism]] and [[Jewish Christianity]] during the first two centuries of the [[Christian Era]].
In 313, Emperor [[ Constantine I (emperor)|Constantine I]] issued the [[ Edict of Milan]], officially legalizing Christian worship. In 380, with the [[ Edict of Thessalonica]] put forth under [[Theodosius I]], the Roman Empire officially adopted [[ Trinitarianism| Trinitarian]] Christianity as its state religion, and Christianity established itself as a predominantly [[gentile]] religion in the [[ state church of the Roman Empire]].
Christological debates about the human and divine nature of Jesus consumed the Christian Church for a couple of centuries, and seven eucumenical councils took place to resolve these debates. [[Arianism]] was condemned at the Council of Nicea (325), which supported the Trinitarian doctrine as expounded in the [[Nicene Creed]].
In the early Middle Ages, missionary activities spread Christianity towards the west among German peoples. During the High Middle Ages, eastern and western Christianity grew apart, leading to the [[East-West Schism]] of 1054. Growing criticism of the Roman Catholic ecclesiological structure and its behaviour, led to the Protestant movement of the 16th century and the split of western Christianity.
Since the [[ Renaissance era]], with western [[colonialism]], Christianity has expanded throughout the world.<ref>Adherents.com, [http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html ''Religions by Adherents'']</ref> Today there are more than two billion Christians worldwide, and Christianity has become the world's largest religion.<ref>BBC Documentary: A History of Christianity by Diarmaid MacCulloch, Oxford University</ref>
== Reference ==