Ритам (музика) — разлика између измена

'''Ритам''' је низ [[тон]]ова и [[пауза]] различитих трајања у музичком делу.<ref>{{harv|Liddell and Scott|1996}}</ref><ref>{{harv|Anon.|1971|loc=2537}}</ref> Постоје разне ритмичке фигуре, а неке од њих су: ''[[неправилне тонске групе]]'': [[триола]], [[квинтола]], [[секстола]], [[септола]]; [[Синкопа (музика)|синкопа]] итд.
== Референце ==
== Литература ==
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Agawu|2003}}|reference=Agawu, Kofi. 2003. ''Representing African Music: Postcolonial Notes, Queries, Positions''. New York: Routledge.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Anon.|1971}}|reference=Anon. ''The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary II''. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Anon.|2009}}|reference=April 30, 2009. "[http://www.world-science.net/othernews/090430_rhythm.htm Parrots have got rhythm, studies find]", ''World-Science.net''.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Berry|1987}}|reference=Berry, Wallace (1987). ''Structural Functions in Music'', second edition. New York: Dover Publications. {{ISBN|978-0-486-25384-8}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Chernoff|1979}}|reference=Chernoff, John Miller (1979). ''African Rhythm and African Sensibility: Aesthetic and Social Action in African Musical Idioms''. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Cooper|1973}}|reference=Cooper, Paul (1973). ''Perspectives in Music Theory: An Historical-Analytical Approach''. New York: Dodd, Mead. {{ISBN|0-396-06752-2}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Covaciu-Pogorilowski|n.d.}}|reference=Covaciu-Pogorilowski, Andrei. n.d. "[http://www.zeuxilogy.home.ro/media/manifesto.pdf Musical Time Theory and A Manifesto]". Self-published online (accessed 1 August 2014).}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Fitch and Rosenfeld|2007}}|reference=Fitch, W. Tecumseh, and Andrew J. Rosenfeld (2007). "Perception and Production of Syncopated Rhythms". ''Music Perception'', Vol. 25, Issue 1:43–58. ISSN 0730-7829.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Fraisse|1956}}|reference=Fraisse, Paul (1956). ''Les Structures Rhythmiques'', with a preface by A. Michotte. Studia Psychologica. Louvain: Publications Universitaires; Paris and Brussels: Édition Erasme; Antwerp and Amsterdam: Standaard Boekhandel.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Forney and Machlis|2007}}|reference=Forney, Kristine, and Joseph Machlis. 2007. ''The Enjoyment of Music'', tenth edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. {{ISBN|978-0-393-17423-6}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Goodall|2006}}|reference=[[Howard Goodall|Goodall, Howard]] (presenter). 2006. ''[http://www.channel4.com/programmes/how-music-works-with-howard-goodall How Music Works with Howard Goodall(offline)]'', produced by David Jeffcock. Television series, 4 episodes. Episode 2: "Rhythm" (Saturday 25 November, 6:20–7:20pm). Tiger Aspect Productions for Channel 4 Television Corporation.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Hasty|1997}}|reference=Hasty, Christopher (1997). ''Meter as Rhythm''. Oxford: Oxford University Press. {{ISBN|0-19-510066-2}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Holst|1963}}|reference=[[Imogen Holst|Holst, Imogen]]. ''An ABC of Music: A Short Practical Guide to the Basic Essentials of Rudiments, Harmony, and Form''. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Imperial Society of Teachers of Dancing|1977}}|reference=The Imperial Society of Teachers of Dancing (1977). ''Ballroom Dancing''. Sevenoaks, Kent: Hodder and Stoughton; New York: David McKay Co.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Jirousek|1995}}|reference=Jirousek, Charlotte. 1995. "[http://char.txa.cornell.edu/language/principl/rhythm/rhythm.htm Rhythm]". In ''An Interactive Textbook'', Ithaca: Cornell University website (accessed 24 July 2014).}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Jordania|2011}}|reference=[[Joseph Jordania|Jordania, Joseph]]. 2011. ''[[Why do People Sing? Music in Human Evolution]]''. Tbilisi: Logos, International Research Center for Traditional Polyphony; Melbourne: The University of Melbourne, Institute of Classical Philology, Bizantyne {{sic}} and Modern Greek Studies.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Karpinski|2000}}|reference=Karpinski, Gary S. ''Aural Skills Acquisition: The Development of Listening, Reading, and Performing Skills in College-Level Musicians''. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. {{ISBN|978-0-19-511785-1}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Latham|2002}}|reference=Latham, Alison. 2002. "Metre", ''The Oxford Companion to Music'', edited by Alison Latham. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. {{ISBN|0-19-866212-2}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Lerdahl and Jackendoff|1983}}|reference=Lerdahl, Fred, and Ray Jackendoff. 1983. ''A Generative Theory of Tonal Music''. The MIT Press Series on Cognitive Theory and Mental Representation. Cambridge: MIT Press. {{ISBN|978-0-262-12094-4}}; {{ISBN|978-0-262-62107-6}}; {{ISBN|978-0-262-62049-9}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Lester|1986}}|reference=Lester, Joel. ''The Rhythms of Tonal Music''. Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press, 1986. {{ISBN|978-0-8093-1282-5}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Liddell and Scott|1996}}|reference=Liddell, Henry George, and Robert Scott. "[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dr%28uqmo%2Fs ῥυθμός]", in ''A Greek-English Lexicon'', revised edition, combining the text of the ninth edition with an extensively revised and expanded Supplement. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. Online, Perseus Project}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|London|2004}}|reference=London, Justin (2004). ''Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter''. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. {{ISBN|0-19-516081-9}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|MacPherson|1930}}|reference=MacPherson, Stewart, ''Form in Music'', London: Joseph Williams, 1930.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Middleton|1990}}|reference=[[Richard Middleton (musicologist)|Middleton, Richard]] (1990). ''Studying Popular Music''. Philadelphia: Open University Press. {{ISBN|0-335-15275-9}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Mithen|2005}}|reference={{cite book |last=Mithen |first=Steven |authorlink=Steven Mithen |year=2005 |title=The Singing Neanderthals: The Origins of Music, Language, Mind and Body. |publisher=London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. |isbn=0-297-64317-7 |url=http://www.epjournal.net/filestore/ep03375380.pdf}}}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Moravcsik|2002}}|reference=Moravcsik, Michael J. (2002). ''Musical Sound: An Introduction to the Physics of Music''. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. {{ISBN|978-0-306-46710-3}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Narmour|1977}}|reference=Narmour, Eugene. ''Beyond Schenkerism: The Need for Alternatives in Music Analysis''. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1977. Phoenix paperback edition 1980. {{ISBN|978-0-226-56847-8}} (cloth); {{ISBN|978-0-226-56848-5}} (paperback).}}
* {{cite journal |last=Patel |first=Aniruddh D. |year=2006 |title=Musical Rhythm, Linguistic Rhythm, and Human Evolution |journal=Music Perception |location=Berkeley, California |publisher=University of California Press |volume=24 |issue=1 |pages=99–104 |issn=0730-7829 |doi=10.1525/mp.2006.24.1.99 |ref=harv}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Patel|2014}}|reference={{cite journal |last=Patel |first=Aniruddh D. |title=The Evolutionary Biology of Musical Rhythm: Was Darwin Wrong? |journal=PLoS Biol |date=2014 |volume=12 |issue=3 (25 March ) |doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001821 |page=e1001821|pmc=3965380 }}}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Pieslak|2009}}|reference=Pieslak, Jonathan (2009). ''Sound Targets: American Soldiers and Music in the Iraq War''. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Roads|2001}}|reference=Roads, Curtis (2001). ''Microsound''. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. {{ISBN|978-0-262-18215-7}}; {{ISBN|978-0-262-68154-4}}}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Rothstein|1989}}|reference=Rothstein, William (1989). ''Phrase Rhythm in Tonal Music''. New York: Schirmer Books. {{ISBN|9780028721910}}.}}
* {{cite book |last=Sacks |first=Oliver |authorlink=Oliver Sacks |title=Musicophilia, Tales of Music and the Brain |year=2007 |publisher=Alfred A. Knopf |location=New York and Toronto |isbn=978-1-4000-4081-0 |chapter=Keeping Time: Rhythm and Movement |ref=harv}}{{Page needed|date=July 2014}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Sandow|2004}}|reference=Sandow, Greg (2004). "A Fine Madness". In ''The Pleasure of Modernist Music: Listening, Meaning, Intention, Ideology'', edited by Arved Mark Ashby, 253–58. {{ISBN|1-58046-143-3}}. Reprinted from ''The Village Voice'' (16 March 1982).}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Scholes|1977a}}|reference=[[Percy Scholes|Scholes, Percy]] (1977a). "Form", in ''The Oxford Companion to Music'', 6th corrected reprint of the 10th ed. (1970), revised and reset, edited by John Owen Ward. London and New York: Oxford University Press. {{ISBN|0-19-311306-6}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Scholes|1977b}}|reference=Scholes, Percy (1977b). "Metre", in ''The Oxford Companion to Music'', 6th corrected reprint of the 10th ed. (1970), revised and reset, edited by John Owen Ward. London and New York: Oxford University Press. {{ISBN|0-19-311306-6}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Scholes|1977c}}|reference=Scholes, Percy (1977c). "Rhythm", in ''The Oxford Companion to Music'', 6th corrected reprint of the 10th ed. (1970), revised and reset, edited by John Owen Ward. London and New York: Oxford University Press. {{ISBN|0-19-311306-6}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Slatkin|n.d.}}|reference=[[Leonard Slatkin|Slatkin, Leonard]]. n.d. "[https://web.archive.org/web/20080216021405/http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio3/discoveringmusic/ram/cdm0401slat1of4.ram Discovering Music: Rhythm] with Leonard Slatkin"}}.
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Toussaint|2005}}|reference=Toussaint, Godfried T., “The Geometry of Musical Rhythm,” In ''Proceedings of the Japan Conference on Discrete and Computational Geometry, Vol. 3742: Lecture Notes in Computer Science'', edited by J. Akiyama, M. Kano, and X. Tan, 198–212. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|White|1976}}|reference=White, John D. (1976). ''The Analysis of Music''. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. {{ISBN|0-13-033233-X}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Winold|1975}}|reference=Winold, Allen (1975). "Rhythm in Twentieth-Century Music". In ''Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music'', edited by Gary Wittlich, 208–269. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. {{ISBN|0-13-049346-5}}.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Woodrow|1951}}|reference=Woodrow, Herbert. "Time Perception". In ''A Handbook of Experimental Psychology'', edited by Stanley Smith Stevens,{{Page needed|date=July 2014}}. New York: Wiley, 1951.}}
* {{wikicite|ref={{harvid|Yeston|1976}}|reference=Yeston, Maury. 1976. ''The Stratification of Musical Rhythm''. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. {{ISBN|0-300-01884-3}}.}}
* {{cite journal |last1=Honing |first1=H |year=2002 |title=Structure and interpretation of rhythm and timing |url=http://www.hum.uva.nl/mmm/abstracts/mmm-TvM.html |archive-url=https://archive.is/20121208235344/http://www.hum.uva.nl/mmm/abstracts/mmm-TvM.html |dead-url=yes |archive-date=2012-12-08 |journal=Tijdschrift voor Muziektheorie [Dutch Journal of Music Theory] |volume=7 |issue=3 |pages=227–232 }}
* Humble, M. (2002). [https://www.scribd.com/doc/25227226/The-Development-of-Rhythmic-Organization-in-Indian-Classical-Music The Development of Rhythmic Organization in Indian Classical Music], MA dissertation, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
* Lewis, Andrew (2005). ''Rhythm—What it is and How to Improve Your Sense of It''. San Francisco: [http://rhythmsource.com/dev/books/ RhythmSource] Press. {{ISBN|978-0-9754667-0-4}}.
* {{cite book |last=Percival |first=Harold W. |year=1946 |title=Thinking and Destiny |publisher=The Word Foundation, Inc. |isbn=978-0-911650-06-8 |ref=harv}}
* Williams, C. F. A., ''The Aristoxenian Theory of Musical Rhythm'', (Cambridge Library Collection—Music), Cambridge University Press; first edition, 2009.
* Mazzola, Guerino (2017). ''The Topos of Music, Vol. I''. Heidelberg: Springer. {{ISBN|978-3-319-64364-9}}.
== Спољашње везе ==
* -{[https://archive.org/stream/rhythmofproseexp00pattiala/rhythmofproseexp00pattiala_djvu.txt 'Rhythm of Prose', William Morrison Patterson ,Columbia University Press 1917]}-
* -{[http://www.melodyhound.com/query_by_tapping.0.html Melodyhound has a "Query by Tapping" search that allows users to identify music based on rhythm]}-
* -{[http://www.signosemio.com/semiotics-of-rhythm.asp Louis Hébert, "A Little Semiotics of Rhythm. Elements of Rhythmology", in ''Signo'']}-
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[[Категорија:Музички појмови]]