Keramičko inženjerstvo — разлика између измена

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'''Keramičko inženjerstvo''' is the science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials. This is done either by the action of heat, or at lower temperatures using precipitation reactions from high-purity chemical solutions. The term includes the purification of raw materials, the study and production of the chemical compounds concerned, their formation into components and the study of their structure, composition and properties.
 
'''Keramičko inženjerstvo''' je nauka i tehnologija stvaranja predmeta od [[Neorgansko jedinjenje|neorganskih]], nemetalnih materijala. To se postiže dejstvom [[Toplota|toplote]], ili na nižim temperaturama korišćenjem reakcije precipitacije iz hemijskih rastvora visoke čistoće. Ovaj termin obuhvata pročišćavanje sirovina, proučavanje i proizvodnju odgovarajućih hemijskih jedinjenja, njihovo oblikovanje u komponente i proučavanje njihove strukture, sastava i svojstava.
[[Ceramic materials]] may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, with long-range order on atomic scale. Glass ceramics may have an amorphous or glassy structure, with limited or short-range atomic order. They are either formed from a molten mass that solidifies on cooling, formed and matured by the action of heat, or chemically synthesized at low temperatures using, for example, [[hydrothermal synthesis|hydrothermal]] or [[sol-gel]] synthesis.
 
[[Ceramic materials|Keramički materijali]] mogu imati kristalnu ili delimično kristalnu strukturu, sa dugometnim redosledom u atomskoj skali. Staklena keramika može imati amorfnu ili staklastu strukturu, sa ograničenom ili kratkometnom atomskom uređenosti. Ona se formira iz rastopljene mase koja je očvrsnuta hlađenjem, formirana i sazrela dejstvom toplote, ili se hemijski sintetišu na niskim temperaturama, na primer koristeći [[Hydrothermal synthesis|hidrotermalnu]] ili [[sol-gel]] sintezu.
The special character of ceramic materials gives rise to many applications in [[materials engineering]], [[electrical engineering]], [[chemical engineering]] and [[mechanical engineering]]. As ceramics are heat resistant, they can be used for many tasks for which materials like metal and [[polymers]] are unsuitable. Ceramic materials are used in a wide range of industries, including mining, aerospace, medicine, refinery, food and chemical industries, packaging science, electronics, industrial and transmission electricity, and guided lightwave transmission.<ref name="KBU">Kingery, W.D., Bowen, H.K., and Uhlmann, D.R., ''Introduction to Ceramics'', p. 690 (Wiley-Interscience, 2nd Edition, 2006)</ref>
 
Poseban karakter keramičkih materijala omogućava mnoge primene u [[Nauka o materijalima|inženjerstvu materijala]], [[electrical engineering|elektrotehnici]], [[chemical engineering|hemijskom]] i [[mechanical engineering|mašinskom inženjerstvu]]. Kako je keramika otporna na toplotu, ona se može koristiti za mnoge zadatke za koje materijali poput metala i [[polimer]]a nisu pogodni. Keramički materijali se koriste u širokom opsegu industrije, uključujući rudarstvo, vazduhoplovstvo, medicinu, rafinerije, prehrambenu i hemijsku industriju, nauku o pakovanju, elektroniku, industrijsku i prenosnu električnu energiju i vođeni prenos svetlosnih talasa.<ref name="KBU">Kingery, W.D., Bowen, H.K., and Uhlmann, D.R., ''Introduction to Ceramics'', p. 690 (Wiley-Interscience, 2nd Edition, 2006)</ref>
 
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