Linda Ronstadt — разлика између измена

196 бајтова уклоњено ,  пре 2 године
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| ime_po_rođenju = Linda Marija Ronstadt<ref name="allmusic1">{{cite web |last=Erlewine |first=Stephen Thomas |url={{Allmusic |class=artist |id=p5302/biography|pure_url=yes}} |title=Linda Ronstadt > Biography |website=[[AllMusic]] |accessdate=December 13,. 12. 2009}}</ref>
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'''Linda Marija Ronstadt''' (rođena 15. jula 1946) penzionisana je američka pevačica [[Забавна музика|zabavne muzike]] poznata po tome što je pevala u širokom opsegu žanrova uključujući rok, kantri, operete i latino muziku. Osvojila je 10 [[Награда Греми|Gremi nagrada]],<ref>{{cite web |title=Linda Ronstadt |url=https://www.grammy.com/grammys/artists/linda-ronstadt |publisher=Grammys.com |accessdate=March 10,. 3. 2019}}</ref> tri [[American Music Awards|Američke muzičke nagrade]], dve nagrade [[Academy of Country Music|Akademije kantri muzike]], [[Emmy Award|nagradu Emi]] i [[ALMA Award|nagradu ALMA]], a mnogi njeni albumi su [[Music recording certification|sertifikovani]] kao zlatni, platinski ili multiplatinski u Sjedinjenim Državama i internacionalno. Takođe je stekla nominacije za [[Награда Тони|nagradu Toni]] i nagradu [[Награда Златни глобус|Zlatni globus]]. Dobitnik je nagrade [[Latin Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award|Latino Gremi za životno delo]] od strane [[The Latin Recording Academy|Latinske snimateljske akademije]] za 2011. godinu, a takođe joj je dodeljena i nagrada [[Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award|Gremi za životno delo]] [[The Recording Academy|Akademije za snimanje]] 2016. godine. Uvedena je u [[Дворана славних рокенрола|Dvoranu slavnih rokenrola]] u aprilu 2014. godine.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://rockhall.com/inductees/ceremonies/2014 |title=2014 Induction Ceremony The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum |accessdate=October 16,. 10. 2013 |date=October 16,. 10. 2013 |publisher=Rock and Roll Hall of Fame}}</ref> Dana 28. jula 2014. godine nagrađena je Nacionalnom medaljom za umetnost i humanističke nauke.<ref>{{cite news |newspaper=[[New York Daily News]] |title=President Obama Honors Linda Ronstadt, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Others in Art and Humanities Ceremony |agency= Associated Press | date=July 28,. 7. 2014 |accessdate=November 23,. 11. 2015 |url=http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/president-obama-honor-linda-ronstadt-jeffrey-katzenberg-art-humanities-ceremony-article-1.1882876}}</ref>{{refn|Some of the content of the lead section is supported by these news items:<ref name="aladdin incident" /><ref name="defends politics" /><ref name="everlasting linda" /><ref name="female rocker" /><ref name="heart to heart" /><ref name="interview" /><ref name="jazz" /><ref name="lets wisdom" /><ref name="melancholy baby" /><ref name="wait wait" />}} Godine 2019. ona je primila zajedničku zvezdu sa [[Doli Parton]] i [[Emmylou Harris|Emili Haris]] na holivudskom Šetalištu slavnih za njihov rad u grupi [[Trio (1987 album)|Trio]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://tasteofcountry.com/faith-hill-dolly-parton-emmylou-harris-linda-ronstadt-getting-stars-hollywood-walk-of-fame/|title=Powerful Country Women Getting Stars on Hollywood Walk of Fame|last=HermansonJune 26|first=Wendy|last2=2018|website=Taste of Country|language=en|access-date=2018-12-. 12. 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://tasteofcountry.com/faith-hill-dolly-parton-emmylou-harris-linda-ronstadt-getting-stars-hollywood-walk-of-fame/|title=Powerful Country Women Getting Stars on Hollywood Walk of Fame|website=Taste of Country|accessdate=August 24,. 8. 2018}}</ref>
 
Objavila je preko 30 studijskih albuma i 15 [[Compilation album|kompilacija]] ili [[greatest hits|najvećih hitova]]. Ronstadt je ima 38 [[Bilbord hot 100|''Bilbord'' hot 100]] singlova, od kojih je 21 bio među najboljih 40, 10 u prvih 10, tri na broju 2, a „[[You're No Good|Nisi dobar]]” na broju 1. Ovaj uspeh nije bio propraćen u Velikoj Britaniji, te je samo njen singl „[[Blue Bayou#Ronstadt version|Blu Bajou]]” bio među prvih 40 u UK.<ref>{{cite web |title=Linda Ronstadt |url=http://www.chartstats.com/artistinfo.php?id=2688 |publisher=Chart Stats |accessdate=September 25,. 9. 2009}}</ref> Njen duet sa [[Aaron Neville|Aronom Nevilom]], „[[Don't Know Much|Ne znam puno]]”, dostigao je vrhunac na drugom mestu u decembru 1989.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.chartstats.com/songinfo.php?id=16995 |title=Don't Know Much |publisher=Chart Stats |accessdate=September 25,. 9. 2009}}</ref> Pored toga, ona ima 36 albuma, 10 top 10 albuma i tri broja 1 albuma na Bilbord listi pop albuma. Njena autobiografija, ''Jednostavni snovi: Muzički memoar'',<ref name=Memoir>{{cite book |title=Simple Dreams: A Musical Memoir |author=Ronstadt, Linda |publisher=[[Simon & Schuster]] |year=2013 |isbn=978-1-4516-6872-8 |oclc=829743967}}</ref> objavljena je u septembru 2013. Debitovala je na Top 10 [[The New York Times Best Seller list|listi bestselera ''Njujork Tajmsa'']].
 
Ronstadt je sarađivala sa umetnicima u različitim žanrovima, uključujući [[Bet Midler]], [[Billi Eckstine|Bilija Ekstajna]],<ref name=Eckstine>{{cite web |work=Playboy After Dark DVD Collection |title=Disc 2, October 1969: Featuring Linda Ronstadt, Joe Cocker, Billy Eckstine, Mort Sahl, and Sid Caesar, God Bless the Child Linda Ronstadt and Billy Eckstine Duet |url=http://www.audiofidelity.net/pc-dvd-playboy.html |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20060821235734/http://www.audiofidelity.net/pc-dvd-playboy.html |archivedate=August 21,. 8. 2006 |accessdate=December 13,. 12. 2012}}</ref> [[Frenk Zapa|Frenka Zapu]], [[Carla Bley|Karlu Blej]] ([[Escalator Over the Hill|Eskalator preko brda]]), [[Rosemary Clooney|Rosemari Kluni]], [[Flaco Jiménez|Flaka Himeneza]], [[Филип Глас|Filipa Glasa]], [[Warren Zevon|Vorena Zivona]], [[Emmylou Harris|Emili Haris]], [[Gram Parsons|Grema Parsonsa]], [[Doli Parton]], [[Nil Jang|Nila Janga]], [[Pol Sajmon|Pola Sajmona]], [[Earl Scruggs|Erla Šrugsa]], [[Džoni Keš|Džonija Keša]], i [[Nelson Riddle|Nelsona Ridla]]. Svoj glas je posudila na preko 120 albuma i prodala više od 100 miliona ploča, što je čini jednom od [[List of best-selling music artists|najprodavanijih svetskih umetnika svih vremena]].<ref name=Guest>{{cite web |title=Linda Ronstadt Guest Appearances and Unique Recordings |date=September 12,. 9. 2006 |url=http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/GuestAppearances.pdf |author=Partridge, Tony |format=PDF |accessdate=August 30,. 8. 2007|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080509070218/http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/GuestAppearances.pdf|archive-date=May 9,. 5. 2008}}http://lyricswww.ronstadt-linda.com/guestapp.doc</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=https://ottawacitizen.com/entertainment/musical-memoirs-hit-some-high-notes |title=Musical memoirs hit some high notes |first=Bruce |last=Ward |newspaper=[[Ottawa Citizen]] |date=December 27,. 12. 2013 |accessdate=February 14,. 2. 2014 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140221153553/http://www.ottawacitizen.com/entertainment/Musical%2Bmemoirs%2Bsome%2Bhigh%2Bnotes/9328315/story.html |archive-date=February 21,. 2. 2014 |url-status=live }}</ref> Kristofer Loudon, iz ''[[Jazz Times|Džez Tajmsa]]'', napisao je 2004. godine da je Ronstadt „blagoslovljena sa verovatno najboljim glasnim žicama svoje generacije”.<ref name=JazzTimes2>{{cite web|title=Linda Ronstadt: ''Hummin' to Myself'' (Verve) |first=Christopher |last=Loudon |work=[[Jazz Times]] |url=http://jazztimes.com/reviews/cd_reviews/detail.cfm?article_id=15185&section=CD%20Reviews&issue=200412 |date=Decemberdecembar 2004 |accessdate=April 19,. 4. 2007 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070413113105/http://www.jazztimes.com/reviews/cd_reviews/detail.cfm?article_id=15185&section=CD%20Reviews&issue=200412 |archivedate=April 13,. 4. 2007 |url-status=dead |df= }}</ref>
 
Ronstadt je svoj zadnji koncert uživo održala krajem 2009, a povukla se 2011. U decembru 2012. dijagnozirana joj je [[Parkinsonova bolest]], zbog čega se više ne bavi pevanjem.<ref>{{cite news |newspaper=[[The New York Times]] |title=Likhttps://sr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Linda_Ronstadt&action=submite a Wheel, but Turning Slower – Linda Ronstadt Discusses Her Memoir and Parkinson's |author= [[Sam Tanenhaus|Tanenhaus, Sam]] | date=August 28,. 8. 2013 |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/01/arts/music/linda-ronstadt-discusses-her-memoir-and-parkinsons.html}}</ref>
 
== Rani život ==
Linda Marija Ronstadt je rođena 1946. godine u [[Tucson, Arizona|Tusonu Arizona]], kao treće od četvoro dece Gilberta Ronstadt (1911{{ndash}}1995), uspešnog trgovca mašinama koji je upravljao F. Ronstadt Ko.,<ref name=fredronstadt>{{cite web |title=Borderman: Memoirs of Federico José María Ronstadt |url=http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/BOOKS/bid1482.htm |publisher=University of Arizona Press |year=2003 |accessdate=May 7,. 5. 2007 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070210024613/http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/BOOKS/bid1482.htm |archivedate=February 10,. 2. 2007 |df=mdy-all }}</ref> i Rut Mari (Kopeman) Ronstadt (1914–1982), domaćice.<ref>{{cite book |title=Linda Ronstadt: It's So Easy |last=Bego |first=Mark |year=1990 |publisher=Eakin Press |isbn=0-89015-775-8 |pages=9–11}}</ref>
 
Ronstadt je odgajena na porodičnom ranču od {{convert|10|acre|ha|0|adj=on}} sa njenim bratom Peterom (koji je deset godina služio kao [[šef policije]] u Tusonu, 1981–1991), Majklom Dž. i Grečen (Suzi). Porodica je predstavljena u časopisu [[Family Circle|Porodični krug]] 1953. godine.<ref name=family>{{cite web |title=Gilbert Ronstadt Was Born in 1911 |work=[[Family Circle]] |year=1953 |first=Deborah J. |last=Ronstadt |url=http://www.ronstadt.com/GilbertRonstadt.htm |accessdate=May 17,. 5. 2007 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070929101949/http://www.ronstadt.com/GilbertRonstadt.htm |archivedate=September 29,. 9. 2007}}</ref>
 
Lindin otac je poticao iz [[Settler|pionirske]] rančerske porodice u Arizoni<ref name="tiptheirhat" /> i bio je [[German American|nemačkog]], [[English American|engleskog]] i [[Мексиканци|meksičkog]] porekla.<ref name=tucsonsronstadtfamilyhistory>{{cite web |title=Tucson's Ronstadt Family |work=Through Our Parents' Eyes: History and Culture of Southern Arizona |publisher=Arizona Library |url=http://parentseyes.arizona.edu/ronstadtfamily/ |accessdate=April 9,. 4. 2007}}</ref> Uticaj porodice i doprinosi istoriji Arizone, uključujući izradu vagona, trgovinu, apoteke i muziku, dokumentovan je u biblioteci [[University of Arizona|Univerziteta u Arizoni]].<ref name=tucsonsronstadtfamily>{{cite web |title=The Ronstadt Family |work=The University of Arizona Archives |url=http://www.library.arizona.edu/exhibits/ronstadt/index.html |accessdate=October 3,. 10. 2007 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20060904230839/http://www.library.arizona.edu/exhibits/ronstadt/index.html |archivedate=September 4,. 9. 2006}}</ref> Pradeda Linde Ronstadt, diplomirani inženjer Fridrih Avgust Ronstadt (koji je vodio Federiko Avgusto Ronstadt) emigrirao je na [[Југозапад (САД)|jugozapad]] (tada deo Meksika) 1840-ih iz [[Hanover]]a u Nemačkoj i oženio se meksičkim državljankom, na kraju se nastanivši u Tusonu.<ref name=helmut>{{cite web |title=The People |work=Early Pioneers of Tucson |url=http://www.emat-tucson.org/Germany/People.html |date=Septemberseptembar 2011 |accessdate=May 16,. 5. 2007 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20060618000242/http://www.emat-tucson.org/Germany/People.html |archivedate=June 18,. 6. 2006 |df=mdy-all }}</ref><ref name=lindar1>{{cite web |title=Songs from Her Heart |first=Don |last=McLeese |work=Ford Times |date=Junejun 1992 |url=http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/fordtimes.htm |accessdate=October 30,. 10. 2006|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071205083748/http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/fordtimes.htm|archive-date=December 5,. 12. 2007}}http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/ford_times.html</ref> Godine 1991. grad Tucson je 16. marta otvorio svoj centralni tranzitni terminal i posvetio ga Lindinom dedi, [[Federico José María Ronstadt|Federiku Hoze Marija Ronstadtu]], lokalnom pionirskom biznismenu; on je bio proizvođač vagona čiji je rani doprinos mobilnosti grada uključivao šest uličnih kola koja su vukle mule, isporučenih 1903–04.<ref name=fredronstadt2>{{cite web |title=Tucson Opens Ronstadt Transit Center |url=http://tris.trb.org/view.aspx?type=CO&id=358937 |date=Augustavgust 1991 |author=Bluestein, T |accessdate=June 5,. 6. 2010}}</ref>
 
== Reference ==
{{reflist|refs=
 
<ref name="aladdin incident">{{cite web |last1=Silverman |first1=Stephen M. |title=Ronstadt Booted After Pro-Moore Comment |url=https://people.com/celebrity/ronstadt-booted-after-pro-moore-comment/ |website=PEOPLE.com |accessdate=28. July7. 2018 |date=20. July7. 2004}}</ref>
 
<ref name="defends politics">{{cite news |url=http://jam.canoe.ca/Music/2006/08/10/1731602.html |title=Interview: Linda Ronstadt defends her politics |newspaper=Edmonton Sun |date=August 10,. 8. 2006 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://archive.today/20130115163401/http://jam.canoe.ca/Music/2006/08/10/1731602.html |archivedate=January 15,. 1. 2013 |df=mdy-all }}</ref>
 
<ref name="everlasting linda">{{cite web |url=http://debbiekruger.com/writer/freelance/ronstadt.html |title=Everlasting Linda |first=Debbie|last=Kruger |publisher=The Weekend Australian |date=July 19,. 7. 1998 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="female rocker">{{cite web |url=http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/intfus1.htm |title=Linda Ronstadt: Female Rocker |publisher=Fusion |date=December 26,. 12. 1969 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="heart to heart">{{cite magazine |url=http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/creem76.htm |title=A Heart To Heart with Linda Ronstadt |magazine=Creem |date=Decemberdecembar 1976 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="interview">{{cite news |url=http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20040715/news_lz1w15linda.html |title=Interview |newspaper=San Diego Union-Tribune |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="jazz">{{cite web |url=http://www.topix.net/who/linda-ronstadt/2007/08/ronstadt-rocks-with-jazz-sophistication/ |title=Linda Ronstadt rocks with jazz sophistication |date=August 4,. 8. 2007 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="lets wisdom">{{cite news |url=http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2006/Mar/31/en/FP603310311.html/ |title=Linda Ronstadt lets wisdom strike notes |newspaper=The Honolulu Advertiser |date=March 31,. 3. 2006 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="melancholy baby">{{cite magazine |url=http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/artesq.htm |title=Linda Ronstadt: Melancholy Baby |magazine=Esquire |date=Octoberoktobar 1985 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="wait wait">{{cite web |url=https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=9888452 |title=Linda Ronstadt plays NPR's: Wait Wait ... Don't Tell Me! |date=April 28,. 4. 2007 |accessdate=October 2,. 10. 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name="tiptheirhat">{{cite web |title=Playboy Interview: Linda Ronstadt |first=Jean |last=Vallely |date=Aprilapril 1980 |work=Playboy |url=http://www.ronstadt-linda.com/playboy80.htm |accessdate=May 7,. 5. 2007}}</ref>
 
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