Vampirski šišmiši — разлика између измена

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Osim dve [[fosil]]ne vrste roda -{Desmodus}- iz [[pleistocen]]a, nema drugih poznatih fosila vampirskih šišmiša. O tome kako je kod njih došlo do ovog specifičnog načina prehrane danas nema pouzdanog odgovora. Predlažu se dve teorije:
* Prema jednoj, vampirski šišmiši razvili su se od predaka koji su se hranili plodovima, a čiji su sekutići i očnjaci prvobitno bili prilagođeni nagrizanju voća s tvrdom korom.
* Prema drugoj, vampirski šišmiši su se razvili od insektojedih predaka specijalizovanih na [[parazit|ektoparazitiranje]] na drugim životinjama.<ref name="Delsuc 2016">{{cite journal|last=Delsuc| first= E. J.| last2=Douzery| first2= P.|year=2016|title= In cold blood: high evolutionary rate of the mitochondrial genome of vampire bats is driven by both compositional bias and positive selection| journal=Genome Biology and Evolution}}</ref><ref name=PoulinRandhawa2015>{{cite journal|last=Poulin |first=Robert |authorlink=Robert Poulin (zoologist) |last2=Randhawa |first2=Haseeb S. |title=Evolution of parasitism along convergent lines: from ecology to genomics |journal=Parasitology |date=Februaryfebruar 2015 |volume=142 |issue=Suppl 1 |pages=S6–S15 |doi=10.1017/S0031182013001674 |pmc=4413784 |pmid=24229807}}</ref> Možda su rane koje su [[insekt]]i nanijeli svojim domaćinima privukle njihove pretke.
 
Pored stvarnih šišmiša vampira, i neki drugi šišmiši se nazivaju vampirima:
* Greenhall, A., G. Joermann, U. Schmidt, M. Seidel. 1983. Mammalian Species: Desmodus rotundus. American Society of Mammalogists, 202: 1–6.
* A.M. Greenhall and U. Schmidt, editors. ''Natural History of Vampire Bats'', CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. {{page|year=1988|isbn=978-0-8493-6750-2|pages=}}. {{page|year=|isbn=978-0-8493-6750-2|pages=}}
* {{cite journal|doi=10.1016/S0968-4328(01)00010-5 | last=Campbell | first = A | last2=Naik | first2 = RR | last3=Sowards | first3 = L | last4=Stone | first4 = MO. | name-list-format = vanc |year=2002 | title = Biological infrared imaging and sensing | url = http://web.neurobio.arizona.edu/gronenberg/nrsc581/thermo/biologicalinfraredsenses.pdf | archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20030615223813/http://web.neurobio.arizona.edu/gronenberg/nrsc581/thermo/biologicalinfraredsenses.pdf |url-status=dead | archive-date=15. 066. 2003 | journal = Micron | volume = 33 | issue = 2 |pages=211-225 | pmid = 11567889 }}
* Pawan, J.L. (1936b). "Rabies in the Vampire Bat of Trinidad with Special Reference to the Clinical Course and the Latency of Infection." ''Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology''. Vol. 30, No. 4. December 1936.
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