Ричард Брансон — разлика између измена

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{{short description|Британски пословни магнат, инвеститор и филантроп}}
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'''Сер Ричард Чарлс Николас Бренсон''' (рођен 18. јула 1950)<ref>{{cite news|url= https://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2019/07/18/Famous-birthdays-for-July-18-Vin-Diesel-Kristen-Bell/8771563155558/|title=Famous birthdays for July 18: Vin Diesel, Kristen Bell|agency=[[United Press International]]|date=18 July 2019|accessdate=7 August 2019|archivedate=19 July 2019|archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20190719181941/https://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2019/07/18/Famous-birthdays-for-July-18-Vin-Diesel-Kristen-Bell/8771563155558/|url-status=live|quote=Businessman Richard Branson in 1950 (age 69)}}</ref> је британски пословни магнат, инвеститор и филантроп.<ref>List of companies related to Richard Branson - http://www.flixens.com/director/richard-charles-nicholas-branson</ref> Оснивач је пословне групе „Виргин”, која се састоји од више од 400 предузећа.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard-home/article-23897620-londons-1000-most-influential-people-2010-tycoons-and-retailers.do|title=London's 1000 most influential people 2010: Tycoons & Retailers|date=26. 11. 2010|website=Evening Standard|location=London|accessdate=11. 6. 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110303202728/http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard-home/article-23897620-londons-1000-most-influential-people-2010-tycoons-and-retailers.do|archive-date=3. 3. 2011|url-status=dead}}</ref>
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Брансон expressed his desire to become an entrepreneur at a young age. His first business venture, at the age of 16, was a magazine called ''Student''. In 1970, he set up a mail-order record business. He opened a chain of record stores, [[Virgin Records]]—later known as [[Virgin Megastores]]—in 1972. Branson's Virgin brand grew rapidly during the 1980s, as he started [[Virgin Atlantic]] airline and expanded the Virgin Records [[music label]]. In 2004, he founded spaceflight corporation [[Virgin Galactic]], based at [[Mojave Air and Space Port]], noted for the [[SpaceShipTwo]] [[Sub-orbital spaceflight|suborbital]] [[spaceplane]] designed for [[space tourism]].
 
In March 2000, Брансон was [[Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom|knighted]] at Buckingham Palace for "services to entrepreneurship".<ref>{{cite news|title=Virgin tycoon is knighted|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/695511.stm|publisher=BBC|date=3 January 2016|access-date=15 January 2011|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20030109105904/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/695511.stm|archive-date=9 January 2003|url-status=live}}</ref> For his work in retail, music and transport (with interests in land, air, sea and space travel), his taste for adventure, and for his humanitarian work, he has become a prominent global figure.<ref>{{cite book|last1=Barling|first1=Julian|title=The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Behavior: Volume Two: Macro Approaches|publisher=SAGE|page=383}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Thirty of the very best of British|url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/10050832/Thirty-of-the-very-best-of-British.html|work=The Telegraph|date=13 November 2016|access-date=4 April 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180409095024/https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/10050832/Thirty-of-the-very-best-of-British.html|archive-date=9 April 2018}}</ref> In 2007, he was placed in the [[Time 100|''Time'' 100 Most Influential People in The World]] list.
 
== Младост ==
Брансон was born in [[Blackheath, London|Blackheath]], London, to [[Eve Branson]] (''née'' Evette Huntley Flindt; born 1924), a former ballet dancer and air hostess, and Edward James Branson (1918–2011), a [[barrister]].<ref>{{cite news | url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/law-obituaries/8501350/Edward-Branson.html | location=London | work=The Daily Telegraph | title=Edward Branson | date=8 May 2011 | access-date=4 April 2018 | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180408073321/https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/law-obituaries/8501350/Edward-Branson.html | archive-date=8 April 2018 | url-status=live | df=dmy-all }}<br />- "Births", ''[[The Times]]'', 12 July 1950, pg. 1</ref><ref name="fdnr1">[https://www.virgin.com/richard-branson/finding-my-roots] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160215161224/https://www.virgin.com/richard-branson/finding-my-roots |date=15 February 2016 }} ''[[Finding Your Roots]]'', 2 February 2016, PBS</ref> He has two younger sisters.<ref name=SagaMar13>{{cite news|url=https://www.saga.co.uk/saga-magazine/2013/march/eve-branson.aspx|title=Like mother, like son|author=Nina Myskow|date=13 March 2013|work=Saga magazine|accessdate=5 November 2014|url-status=dead|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141105104205/https://www.saga.co.uk/saga-magazine/2013/march/eve-branson.aspx|archivedate=5 November 2014}}</ref> His grandfather, the [[Right Honourable]] [[G. A. H. Branson|Sir George Arthur Harwin Branson]], was a judge of the [[High Court of Justice]] and a [[Privy Councillor]].<ref>"Forthcoming Marriages", ''[[The Times]]'', 22 June 1949, pg.7.</ref>
 
Брансон was educated at [[Scaitcliffe School]], a [[Preparatory school (United Kingdom)|prep school]] in Surrey, before briefly attending Cliff View House School in [[Sussex]].<ref name=TimesSep98>Richard Branson. "At school I was dyslexic and a dunce.", ''The Times'', London, 11 September 1998, pg. 19</ref> He attended [[Stowe School]], an [[Independent school (United Kingdom)|independent school]] in Buckinghamshire until the age of sixteen.<ref name=TimesSep98/>
 
Брансон has [[dyslexia]], and had poor academic performance; on his last day at school, his headmaster, [[Robert Drayson]], told him he would either end up in prison or become a millionaire.<ref name=TimesSep98/> Branson's parents were supportive of his endeavours from an early age.<ref>{{cite journal|last=Shavinina|first=Larisa V|title=Micro-social factors in the development of entrepreneurial giftedness: the case of Richard Branson|journal=High Ability Studies|date=December 2006|volume=17|issue=2}}</ref> His mother was an entrepreneur; one of her most successful ventures was building and selling wooden tissue boxes and wastepaper bins.<ref>{{Cite book|title=The Virgin Way: Everything I know about leadership|last=Branson|first=Richard|publisher=Portfolio/Penguin|year=2014|location=New York}}</ref> In London, he started off [[squatting]] from 1967 to 1968.<ref>
{{cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/uk/1999/jul/21/3|title=Famous faces who took rent-free route|date=21 July 1999|newspaper=The Guardian|access-date=6 September 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180906161721/https://www.theguardian.com/uk/1999/jul/21/3|archive-date=6 September 2018|url-status=live}}
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== Каријера ==