Децентрализација — разлика између измена

.
(Спашавам 1 извора и означавам 0 мртвим. #IABot (v2.0beta9))
(.)
{{bez_inlajn_referenci}}
{{сајдбар либертаријанизам|expanded=концепти}}
'''Децентрализација''' је расподела одговорности, планирања и имплементације промена са највишег организационог нивоа ближе проблему или области у којој се спроводе активности.<ref>[http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/decentralization Definition of decentralisation] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130126051251/http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/decentralisation|date=2013-01-26}}, [[Merriam-Webster Dictionary]], ''accessed march 5, 2013.''</ref> Пример су федералне и савезне таксе које се деле са државним и општинским нивоима власти.
 
== Историја ==
[[File:Alexis de Tocqueville.jpg|thumb|left|upright|[[Алексис де Токвил]]]]
{{рут}}
The word "centralization" came into use in France in 1794 as the post-[[French Revolution]] [[French Directory]] leadership created a new government structure. The word "decentralization" came into usage in the 1820s.<ref>Vivien A. Schmidt, ''Democratizing France: The Political and Administrative History of Decentralization'', [[Cambridge University Press]], 2007, [https://books.google.com/books?id=ZsltI4XKXTUC&pg=PA22 p. 22] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160505110712/https://books.google.com/books?id=ZsltI4XKXTUC&pg=PA22 |date=2016-05-05 }}, {{ISBN|9780521036054}}</ref> "Centralization" entered written English in the first third of the 1800s;<ref>Barbara Levick, ''Claudius'', Psychology Press, 2012, [https://books.google.com/books?id=rTDNNO4_IMAC&pg=PA81 p. 81] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160602225624/https://books.google.com/books?id=rTDNNO4_IMAC&pg=PA81 |date=2016-06-02 }}, {{ISBN|9780415166195}}</ref> mentions of decentralization also first appear during those years. In the mid-1800s [[Alexis de Tocqueville|Tocqueville]] would write that the French Revolution began with "a push towards decentralization...[but became,] in the end, an extension of centralization."<ref name=Schmidtpage10>Vivien A. Schmidt, ''Democratizing France: The Political and Administrative History of Decentralization'', [https://books.google.com/books?id=ZsltI4XKXTUC&pg=PA10 p. 10] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160520135541/https://books.google.com/books?id=ZsltI4XKXTUC&pg=PA10 |date=2016-05-20 }}.</ref> In 1863, retired French bureaucrat [[Maurice Block]] wrote an article called "Decentralization" for a French journal that reviewed the dynamics of government and bureaucratic centralization and recent French efforts at decentralization of government functions.<ref>Robert Leroux, ''French Liberalism in the 19th Century: An Anthology'', Chapter 6: Maurice Block on "Decentralization", Routledge, 2012, [https://books.google.com/books?id=Hhf1iGshBKEC&pg=PA255&dq=19th+century+decentralization&hl=en&sa=X&ei=csUSUaWxJYHj0gHnuoCoBQ&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=19th%20century%20decentralization&f=false p. 255] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160529132740/https://books.google.com/books?id=Hhf1iGshBKEC&pg=PA255 |date=2016-05-29 }}, {{ISBN|9781136313011}}</ref>
 
== Види још ==
{|
|{{wikisource-РСР|Децентрализација}}
|}
* [[Политичке науке]]
* [[Анархизам]]
* [[Федерализам]]
* [[Конститутивна држава]]
 
== Референце ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Литература ==
{{refbegin|30em}}
* {{РСР}}
* Aucoin, Peter, and Herman Bakvis. ''The Centralization-Decentralization Conundrum: Organization and Management in the Canadian Government'' (IRPP, 1988), {{ISBN|9780886450700}}
* Campbell, Tim. ''Quiet Revolution: Decentralization and the Rise of Political Participation in Latin American Cities'' (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2003), {{ISBN|9780822957966}}.
* Faguet, Jean-Paul. ''Decentralization and Popular Democracy: Governance from Below in Bolivia'', (University of Michigan Press, 2012), {{ISBN|9780472118199}}.
* Fisman, Raymond and Roberta Gatti (2000). [https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/19852 Decentralization and Corruption: Evidence Across Countries], Journal of Public Economics, Vol.83, No.3, pp.&nbsp;325–45.
* Frischmann, Eva. [http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp Decentralization and Corruption. A Cross-Country Analysis], (Grin Verlag, 2010), {{ISBN|9783640710959}}.
* Miller, Michelle Ann, ed. ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=bwqe_JdLDUYC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=decentralization&f=false Autonomy and Armed Separatism in South and Southeast Asia]'' (Singapore: ISEAS, 2012).
* Miller, Michelle Ann. ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=ZrRkq1zGbA0C&printsec=frontcover#v=snippet&q=decentralization&f=false Rebellion and Reform in Indonesia. Jakarta's Security and Autonomy Policies in Aceh]'' (London and New York: Routledge, 2009).
* Rosen, Harvey S., ed.. ''Fiscal Federalism: Quantitative Studies National Bureau of Economic Research Project Report'', NBER-Project Report, (University of Chicago Press, 2008), {{ISBN|9780226726236}}.
* Taylor, Jeff. ''Politics on a Human Scale: The American Tradition of Decentralism'' (Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2013), {{ISBN|9780739186749}}.
* Richard M. Burton, Børge Obel, ''Design Models for Hierarchical Organizations: Computation, Information, and Decentralization'', Springer, 1995, {{ISBN|9780792396093}}
* {{cite journal | last1 = Dubois | first1 = H.F.W. | last2 = Fattore | first2 = G. | year = 2009 | title = Definitions and typologies in public administration research: the case of decentralization | journal = International Journal of Public Administration | volume = 32 | issue = 8| pages = 704–27 | doi = 10.1080/01900690902908760 }}
* {{cite journal | last1 = Faguet | first1 = Jean-Paul | year = 2014 | title = "Decentralization and Governance." Special Issue of | url = | journal = World Development | volume = 53 | issue = | pages = 1–112 | doi = 10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.08.001 }}
* Merilee Serrill Grindle, ''Going Local: Decentralization, Democratization, And The Promise of Good Governance'', Princeton University Press, 2007, {{ISBN|9780691129075}}
* {{cite journal|last=Furniss|first=Norman|year=1974|title=The Practical Significance of Decentralization|journal=The Journal of Politics|volume=36|issue=4|pages=958–82|issn=0022-3816|doi=10.2307/2129402|jstor=2129402}}
* Daniel Treisman, ''The Architecture of Government: Rethinking Political Decentralization'', ''Cambridge University Press'', 2007, {{ISBN|9780521872294}}
* {{cite journal | last1 = Miller | first1 = Michelle Ann | last2 = Bunnell | first2 = Tim | year = 2012 | title = guest editors. 'Asian Cities in an Era of Decentralisation' | url = | journal = Space and Polity | volume = 16 | issue = | page = 1 | doi = 10.1080/13562576.2012.698125 }}
* {{cite journal | last1 = Schrape | first1 = Jan-Felix | year = 2019 | title = The Promise of Technological Decentralization. A Brief Reconstruction. | url = | journal = Society | volume = 56| issue = | pages = 31–37| doi = 10.1007/s12115-018-00321-w }}
* {{cite journal | last1 = Sharma | first1 = Chanchal Kumar | year = 2006 | title = Decentralization Dilemma: Measuring the Degree and Evaluating the Outcomes | journal = The Indian Journal of Political Science | volume = 67 | issue = 1| pages = 49–64 | ssrn = 955113 }}
* {{cite journal | last1 = Sharma | first1 = Chanchal Kumar | year = 2008 | title = Emerging Dimensions of Decentralization Debate in the Age of Globalization | journal = Indian Journal of Federal Studies | volume = 19 | issue = 1| pages = 47–65 | ssrn = 1369943 }}
* [http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/61430/ Sharma, Chanchal Kumar(2014, Nov.12). Governance, Governmentality and Governability: Constraints and Possibilities of Decentralization in South Asia. Keynote Address, International Conference on Local Representation of Power in South Asia, Organized by Department of Political Science, GC University, Lahore (Pakistan) Nov. 12–14.]
* Schakel, Arjan H. (2008), [https://web.archive.org/web/20100602002702/http://www.unc.edu/~gwmarks/assets/doc/RFS.III.Validation%20of%20regional%20authority%20index.pdf Validation of the Regional Authority Index], Regional and Federal Studies, Routledge, Vol. 18 (2).
* [http://government.cce.cornell.edu/doc/viewpage_r.asp?ID=Decentralization Decentralization], article at the "[http://government.cce.cornell.edu/ Restructuring local government project]" of Dr. Mildred Warner, [[Cornell University]] includes a number of articles on decentralization trends and theories.
* Robert J. Bennett, ed., ''Decentralization, Intergovernmental Relations and Markets: Towards a Post-Welfare Agenda,'' Clarendon, 1990, pp.&nbsp;1–26. {{ISBN|978-0198286875}}
{{refend}}
 
== Спољашње везе ==
{{Commons category|Decentralization}}
|{{wikisource-РСР|Децентрализација}}
* [http://www1.worldbank.org/publicsector/decentralization/ Светска банка о децентрализацији] {{en}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20071006122513/http://www.differentia-nis.org/category/decentralizacija/ Monitoring i decentralizacija u Srbiji] ((sr))