Евангелизам — разлика између измена

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{{short description|Протестантски хришћански покрет}}{{rut}}
'''Евангелизам''' као појам има дуг историјат.
'''Евангелизам''', ''еванђеоско хришћанство'', или ''евангелички протестантизам'' is a worldwide trans-denominational movement within [[Protestantism|Protestant Christianity]] that maintains the belief that the essence of the [[Gospel]] consists of the doctrine of [[Salvation in Christianity|salvation]] by [[Sola gratia|grace alone]], solely through [[faith in Christianity|faith]] in [[Jesus in Christianity|Jesus's]] [[Atonement in Christianity|atonement]].{{sfn|Stanley|2013|p=11|ps=. "As a transnational and trans-denominational movement, evangelicalism had from the outset encompassed considerable and often problematic diversity, but this diversity had been held in check by the commonalities evangelicals on either side of the North Atlantic shared - most notably a clear consensus about the essential content of the gospel and a shared sense of the priority of awakening those who inhabited a broadly Christian environment to the urgent necessity of a conscious individual decision to turn to Christ in repentance and faith. Evangelicalism had maintained an ambiguous relationship with the structures of Christendom, whether those structures took the institutional form of a [[Established church|legal union between church and state]], as in most of the United Kingdom, or the more elusive character that obtained in the United States, where the sharp [[Separation of church and state in the United States|constitutional separation between church and state]] masked an underlying set of shared assumptions about the Christian (and indeed Protestant) identity of the nation. Evangelicals had differed over whether the moral imperative of national recognition of godly religion should also imply the national recognition of a particular church, but all had been agreed that being born or baptized within the boundaries of Christendom did not in itself make one a Christian."}}<ref>{{Cite book|last=Sproul|first=R. C.|title=What Is Reformed Theology?: Understanding the Basics|publisher=Baker Publishing Group|year=2016|isbn=978-0-8010-1846-6|location=Grand Rapids, MI|pages=36|quote=The [[Protestant_Reformers|Reformers]] called themselves evangelicals because they believed the doctrine of justification by faith alone is central and essential to [the gospel]. Since the biblical word for gospel is ''evangel'', they used the term evangelical to assert their conviction that ''sola fide'' is [the gospel].}}</ref><ref name="Oxf">{{Cite book |title=The Concise Oxford Dictionary |publisher=Oxford University Press |year=1978}}</ref><ref>{{Citation |title=Operation World |url=http://www.operationworld.org/glossary}}</ref> Evangelicals believe in the centrality of the conversion or "[[born again]]" experience in receiving salvation, in the authority of the [[Bible]] as [[God in Christianity|God]]'s revelation to humanity, and in [[evangelism|spreading the Christian message]]. The movement has long had a presence in the [[Anglosphere]] before spreading further afield in the 19th, 20th and early 21st centuries.
Its origins are usually traced to 1738, with various theological streams contributing to its foundation, including [[Pietism]], [[Puritanism]], [[Quakerism]], [[Presbyterianism]] and [[Moravian Church|Moravianism]] (in particular its bishop [[Nicolaus Zinzendorf]] and his community at [[Herrnhut]]).<ref name="Hope1997">{{cite book |title=Christian Scholar's Review, Volume 27 |date=1997 |publisher=[[Hope College]] |page=205 |language=English |quote=This was especially true of proto-evangelical movements like the Quakers, organized as the Religious Society of Friends by George Fox in 1668 as a group of Christians who rejected clerical authority and taught that the Holy Spirit guided}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |title=Quaker History, Volumes 94-95 |date=2005 |publisher=Friends Historical Association |page=46 |language=English |quote=Emma Malone, active in the evangelical Quaker community in Cleveland, co-founded (with her husband) the Christian Workers Training School. This school helped to train the leadership of evangelical Quakers}}</ref><ref name="Brian Stiller 2015, pp. 28, 90">Brian Stiller, ''Evangelicals Around the World: A Global Handbook for the 21st Century'', Thomas Nelson, USA, 2015, pp. 28, 90.</ref><ref name="AngellDandelion2018">{{cite book |last1=Angell |first1=Stephen Ward |last2=Dandelion |first2=Pink |title=The Cambridge Companion to Quakerism |date=19 April 2018 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=978-1-107-13660-1 |page=293 |language=English}}</ref> Preeminently, [[John Wesley]] and other early [[Methodist]]s were at the root of sparking this new movement during the [[First Great Awakening]]. Today, evangelicals are found across many Protestant branches, as well as in various denominations not subsumed to a specific branch.<ref>{{Cite web |url=http://www.pewforum.org/files/2011/12/Christianity-fullreport-web.pdf |title=Christianity report |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130805020311/http://www.pewforum.org/files/2011/12/Christianity-fullreport-web.pdf |archive-date=2013-08-05 |access-date=2014-12-30}}</ref> Among leaders and major figures of the evangelical Protestant movement were [[George Fox]], [[John Wesley]], [[George Whitefield]], [[Jonathan Edwards (theologian)|Jonathan Edwards]], [[Billy Graham]], [[Bill Bright]], [[Harold Ockenga]], [[John Stott]] and [[Martyn Lloyd-Jones]].<ref name="Hope1997"/><ref name="AngellDandelion2018"/><ref name="CYMF2018">{{cite book |title=Manual of Faith and Practice of Central Yearly Meeting of Friends |date=2018 |publisher=Central Yearly Meeting of Friends |page=2 |language=English}}</ref> The movement gained great momentum during the 18th and 19th centuries with the [[Great Awakenings]] in Great Britain and the United States.
== Реформација ==
У доба [[РеформацијаПротестантска реформација|реформације]], под њим се подразумевало прихватање аугзбуршког исповедања вере, за разлику од припадања [[Католицизам|католицизму]] или реформисаним црквама.{{sfn|Mohler|2011|pp=103–104}} Такво значење појма је и даље на снази у Европи и јавља се у службеним називима многих лутеранских цркава. У [[18. век]]у, као евангелисти су били познати они који су били наклоњени протестантској енглеској цркви, као и они међу неконформистима који су ове подржавали. Енглески евангелисти су наглашавали значај [[Библија|Светог писма]], потребу за очувањем вере, потребу за високим личним моралом и заступничко искупљење.
== Америка и Енглеска ==
== Види још ==
* [[Евангелизација]]
== Референце ==
== Литература ==
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* {{Citation |last=Mohler |first=Albert |title=Four Views on the Spectrum of Evangelicalism |year=2011 |editor-last=Naselli |editor-first=Andrew |contribution=Confessional Evangelicalism |place=Grand Rapids, MI |publisher=Zondervan |isbn=978-0-310-55581-0 |editor-last2=Hansen |editor-first2=Collin}}
* {{Citation |last=Noll |first=Mark A. |title=The Rise of Evangelicalism: The Age of Edwards, Whitefield and the Wesleys |year=2004 |publisher=Inter-Varsity |isbn=1-84474-001-3 |author-link=Mark Noll}}
* {{Citation |last=Ohlmann |first=Eric H. |title=The Variety of American Evangelicalism |year=1991 |editor-last=Dayton |editor-first=Donald W. |contribution=Baptists and Evangelicals |place=Knoxville, TN |publisher=The University of Tennessee Press |isbn=1-57233-158-5 |editor-last2=Johnston |editor-first2=Robert K.}}
* {{Citation |last=Olson |first=Roger |title=Four Views on the Spectrum of Evangelicalism |year=2011 |editor-last=Naselli |editor-first=Andrew |contribution=Postconservative Evangelicalism |place=Grand Rapids, MI |publisher=Zondervan |isbn=978-0-310-55581-0 |editor-last2=Hansen |editor-first2=Collin}}
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* {{Cite book |last=Reimer |first=Sam |url=https://archive.org/details/evangelicalscont0000reim |title=Evangelicals and the Continental Divide: The Conservative Protestant Subculture in Canada and the United States |publisher=McGill-Queen's Press |year=2003 |url-access=registration}}
* {{Citation |last=Shantz |first=Douglas H. |title=An Introduction to German Pietism: Protestant Renewal at the Dawn of Modern Europe |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=40wB2kGLm28C&pg=PA279 |year=2013 |publisher=JHU |isbn=9781421408309}}
* {{Cite book |last=Stanley |first=Brian |title=The Global Diffusion of Evangelicalism: The Age of Billy Graham and John Stott |publisher=IVP Academic |year=2013 |isbn=978-0-8308-2585-1 |author-link=Brian Stanley (historian)}}
* Sutton, Matthew Avery. ''American Apocalypse: A History of Modern Evangelicalism'' (Cambridge: Belknap Press, 2014). 480 pp. [http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showpdf.php?id=44771 online review]
* {{Cite book |last=Sweeney |first=Douglas A. |url=https://archive.org/details/americanevangeli0000swee |url-access=registration |title=The American Evangelical Story: A History of the Movement |date=2005 |publisher=Baker Academic |isbn=978-1-58558-382-9 }}
* {{Cite book |last=Tomlinson |first=Dave |title=The Post-Evangelical |year=2007 |isbn=978-0-310-25385-3 }}
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* {{Citation |last=Witvliet |first=John D. |title=The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=CPRWjoGOQJkC |pages=310–324 |year=2010 |editor-last=McDermott |editor-first=Gerald |contribution=Worship |publisher=Oxford University Press |isbn=9780195369441 }}
* {{Cite book |last=Wolffe |first=John |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=7sUiYMEyVtsC |title=The Expansion of Evangelicalism: The Age of Wilberforce, More, Chalmers and Finney |date=2007 |publisher=InterVarsity Press |isbn=978-0-8308-2582-0 |series=A History of Evangelicalism |volume=2 }}
* {{Cite book |last=Worthen |first=Molly |title=Apostles of Reason: The Crisis of Authority in American Evangelicalism |publisher=Oxford University Press |year=2014 |isbn=978-0-19-989646-2 }}
* {{Citation |last=Balmer |first=Randall Herbert |title=Encyclopedia of Evangelicalism |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=syUupeVJOz4C |year=2004 |edition=2nd |format=excerpt and text search |isbn=9780664224097}}; [https://web.archive.org/web/20130921070303/http://www.questia.com/read/104231783/encyclopedia-of-evangelicalism online].
* {{Citation |last=Balmer |first=Randall Herbert |title=The Making of Evangelicalism: From Revivalism to Politics and Beyond |year=2010 |author-mask=3 |isbn=978-1-60258-243-9}}.
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* {{Citation |last=Bebbington |first=D. W. |title=Evangelicals in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s |year=1989 |place=London |publisher=Unwin |author-link=David Bebbington}}.
* {{Citation |last=Carpenter |first=Joel A. |title=Fundamentalist Institutions and the Rise of Evangelical Protestantism, 1929–1942 |journal=Church History |volume=49 |issue=1 |pages=62–75 |year=1980 |doi=10.2307/3164640 |jstor=3164640}}.
* {{Citation |last=Carpenter |first=Joel A. |title=Revive Us Again: The Reawakening of American Fundamentalism |url=https://archive.org/details/reviveusagain00joel |year=1999 |author-mask=3 |publisher=Oxford University Press |isbn=0-19-512907-5}}.
* {{Cite book |last=Case |first=Jay Riley |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Amjf9qHlFigC |title=An Unpredictable Gospel: American Evangelicals and World Christianity, 1812-1920 |publisher=Oxford UP |year=2012 |isbn=9780199772322}}
* Chapman, Mark B., "American Evangelical Attitudes Toward Catholicism: Post-World War II to Vatican II," ''U.S. Catholic Historian'', 33#1 (Winter 2015), 25–54.
* {{Citation |last=Freston |first=Paul |title=Evangelicals and Politics in Asia, Africa and Latin America |year=2004 |publisher=[[Cambridge University Press]] |isbn=0-521-60429-X}}.
* {{Citation |last=Hindmarsh |first=Bruce |title=The Evangelical Conversion Narrative: Spiritual Autobiography in Early Modern England |year=2005 |place=Oxford |publisher=Oxford University Press}}.
* {{Citation |last=Kidd |first=Thomas S |title=The Great Awakening: The Roots of Evangelical Christianity in Colonial America |year=2007 |publisher=Yale University Press}}.
* {{Citation |last=Knox |first=Ronald |title=Enthusiasm: a Chapter in the History of Religion, with Special Reference to the XVII and XVIII Centuries |pages=viii |year=1950 |place=Oxford, Eng |publisher=Oxford University Press}}, 622 pp.
* Luhrmann, Tanya (2012) ''When God Talks Back-Understanding the American Evangelical Relationship with God'', Knopf
* {{Citation |last=Marsden |first=George M |title=Reforming Fundamentalism: Fuller Seminary and the New Evangelicalism |year=1987 |author-mask=3 |place=Grand Rapids |publisher=William B. Eerdmans}}.
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* {{Citation |title=Evangelicalism: Comparative Studies of Popular Protestantism in North America, the British Isles and Beyond, 1700–1990 |year=1994 |editor-last=Noll |editor-first=Mark A |editor2-last=Bebbington |editor2-first=David W |editor3-last=Rawlyk |editor3-first=George A |editor1-link=Mark Noll}}.
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* {{Citation |last=Schafer |first=Axel R |title=Countercultural Conservatives: American Evangelicalism From the Postwar Revival to the New Christian Right |year=2011 |publisher=U. of Wisconsin Press}}, 225 pp; covers evangelical politics from the 1940s to the 1990s that examines how a diverse, politically pluralistic movement became, largely, the Christian Right.
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* {{Citation |last=Stackhouse |first=John G |title=Canadian Evangelicalism in the Twentieth Century |year=1993}}
* Sutton, Matthew Avery. ''American Apocalypse: A history of modern evangelicalism'' (2014)
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* {{Citation |last=Ward |first=W. R. |title=Early Evangelicalism: A Global Intellectual History |year=2006 |place=Cambridge |publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=0521158125}}.
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== Спољашње везе ==
* {{Citation |title=Institute for the Study of American Evangelicalism |url=http://www.wheaton.edu/isae/ |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20020806201711/http://www.wheaton.edu/isae/ |publisher=Wheaton College |access-date=2002-08-10 |archive-date=2002-08-06 |url-status=dead}}.
* {{Citation |last=Spencer |first=Michael |title=The Coming Evangelical Collapse |date=March 10, 2009 |url=http://www.csmonitor.com/2009/0310/p09s01-coop.html |work=The Christian Science Monitor}}.
* {{Citation |title=Modern Evangelical African Theologians: A Primer |url=http://www.neednotfret.com/content/view/211/47/ |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110714162256/http://www.neednotfret.com/content/view/211/47/ |publisher=Need not fret |access-date=2010-05-13 |archive-date=2011-07-14 |url-status=dead}}.
* {{Citation |title=American Evangelicalism and Islam: From the Antichrist to the Mahdi |url=http://en.qantara.de/content/american-evangelicalism-and-islam-from-the-antichrist-to-the-mahdi |place=Germany |publisher=Qantara}}.
* {{Citation |title=Operation World |url=http://www.operationworld.org/}} – Statistics from around the world including numbers of Evangelicals by country.
* {{Citation |title=World Evangelical Alliance |url=http://www.worldea.org// |access-date=2015-03-15 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150314235558/http://worldea.org/ |archive-date=2015-03-14 |url-status=dead }} (WEA)
* {{Citation |title=FULLER Magazine Issue No. 2 – Evangelical |url=http://fullermag.com/issue/issue-two/ |access-date=2015-09-02 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150903223516/http://fullermag.com/issue/issue-two/ |archive-date=2015-09-03 |url-status=dead }} – An exploration of what it means to be Evangelical
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