Универзитет Дјук — разлика између измена

{{short description|Приватни универзитет у Дурхаму, Северна Каролина, Сједињене Државе}}{{rut}}
{{Инфокутија Универзитет
{{Infobox university
|име = Универзитет Дјук
{{Инфокутија| name = Универзитет Дјук
|латинско_име = Universitas Dukiana
|лого image_name = Duke University logoCrest.svg
|слика =
| image_upright = .7
|лого = Duke University logo.svg
| latin_name = -{Universitas Dukiana}-<ref name="Duke Motto">{{cite web|url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/histnotes/insignia.html|title=Shield, Seal and Motto|last=King|first=William E|publisher=Duke University Archives|access-date=November 30, 2016}}</ref>
|лого_ширина = 180п
| motto = ''Eruditio et Religio'' ([[Latin]])<ref name="Duke Motto" /><br/>{{јез-енг|Knowledge and Faith}}<ref>{{cite web|url=http://divinity.duke.edu/about|title=About – Duke Divinity School|publisher=Duke Divinity School |access-date=July 4, 2011|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110702004723/http://divinity.duke.edu/about|archive-date=July 2, 2011}}</ref>
|мото = ''Eruditio et Religio''
| established = {{start date and age|1838}}
|мото_срп = ''Знање и вера''
| type = [[Private university|Private]] [[research university]]
|тип = приватни
| religious_affiliation = [[United Methodist Church]]<ref name="Duke University's Relation to the Methodist Church">{{cite web|url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/duke-umchh-basic.html|title=Duke University's Relation to the Methodist Church: the basics|quote=Duke University has historical, formal, on-going, and symbolic ties with Methodism, but is an independent and non-sectarian institution ... Duke would not be the institution it is today without its ties to the Methodist Church. However, the Methodist Church does not own or direct the University. Duke is and has developed as a private nonprofit corporation which is owned and governed by an autonomous and self-perpetuating Board of Trustees|publisher=Duke University|year=2002|access-date=March 27, 2010|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100612020402/http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/duke-umchh-basic.html|archive-date=June 12, 2010}}</ref><ref name="DU & UMC"/><ref name="William Joseph Whalen – Hospitals & Universities"/><ref name="IAMSCU"/>
|оснивање = 1838.
| academic_affiliations = {{hlist| [[Association of American Universities|AAU]]| [[The Consortium on Financing Higher Education|COFHE]]| [[568 Group]]| [[Universities Research Association|URA]]| [[CDIO Initiative|CDIO]]| [[Oak Ridge Associated Universities|ORAU]]| [[National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities|NAICU]]| [[International Association of Methodist-related Schools, Colleges, and Universities|IAMSCU]]}}
|академске_афилијације = ''AAU,<br/>COHFE,<br/>568 Group,<br/>URA,<br/>CDIO,<br/>ORAU,<br/>NAICU,<br/>IAMSCU''
| endowment = $8.47 billion (2020)<ref name=endowment>As of June 30, 2020. {{cite report |url=https://www.nacubo.org/-/media/Documents/Research/2020-NTSE-Public-Tables--Endowment-Market-Values--FINAL-FEBRUARY-19-2021.ashx |title=U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 |publisher=National Association of College and University Business Officers and [[TIAA]] |date=February 19, 2021 |access-date=February 19, 2021}}</ref> (The university is also the primary beneficiary (32%) of the independent $3.69 billion [[Duke Endowment]])<ref>{{cite web|url=https://dukeendowment.org/about/about-the-endowment |title=About the Duke Endowment |publisher=The Duke Endowment |access-date=May 21, 2019}}</ref>
|председник = Vincent Price
| budget = $2.8 billion (FY 2020)<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.dukechronicle.com/article/2019/05/duke-university-board-of-trustees-discusses-task-forces-approves-2-8-billion-budget |title=Board of Trustees discusses task forces, approves $2.8 billion budget at May meeting |date=May 11, 2019 |newspaper=The Chronicle |last=Satisky |first=Jake}}</ref>
|академско_особље = 3.552 (2016)
| president = [[Vincent Price (educator)|Vincent Price]]<ref>{{cite web|url=https://today.duke.edu/2016/12/first-day-president-elect-memorable-one|title=A First Day as President-Elect is a Memorable One|date=December 3, 2016|access-date=July 1, 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170811112401/https://today.duke.edu/2016/12/first-day-president-elect-memorable-one|archive-date=August 11, 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref>
|административно_особље = 38.591 (2016)
| students = 15,634 (Fall 2019)<ref name=Facts>{{cite web|url=https://facts.duke.edu/|title=Duke Facts|publisher=Duke University|access-date=December 7, 2019}}</ref>
|студенти = 14.832 (2016)
| undergrad = 6,526 (Fall 2019)<ref name=Facts/>
|преддипломци = 6.449 (2016)
| postgrad = 9,108 (Fall 2019)<ref name=Facts/>
|постдипломци = 8.383 (2016)
| faculty = 3,870 (Fall 2019)<ref name=Facts/>
|град = [[Дарам]]
| staff = {{unbulleted list|8,880 campus employees|41,206 total campus & health system employees (Fall 2019)<ref name=Facts/>}}
|држава = {{застава|САД}}
| free_label = Newspaper
|кампус = приградски и градски
| free = ''[[The Duke Chronicle|The Chronicle]]''
|боје = {{colorbox|#001A57}} плава<br/>{{colorbox|#FFFFFF}} бела
| city = [[Durham, North Carolina|Durham]]
|надимак = ''Blue Devils'' (''Плави ђаволи'')
| state = North Carolina
|веб-сајт = {{URL|www.duke.edu}}
| country = United States
| coor = {{Coord|36|0|4|N|78|56|20|W|type:edu_region:US-NC|display=inline,title}}
| campus = Suburban/urban<ref name=Facts/><br />{{convert|8693|acre|km2|1|abbr=on}}
| former_names = {{unbulleted list|{{nowrap|Brown School (1838–1841)}}|{{nowrap|Union Institute (1841–1851)}}|{{nowrap|Normal College (1851–1859)}}|{{nowrap|Trinity College (1859–1924)}}}}
| colors = [[Duke blue]], white<ref>{{cite web|title=The Origin of Duke Blue|url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/faqs/duke_blue.html|publisher=Duke University Archives|access-date=March 1, 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Color Palette|url=https://styleguide.duke.edu/color-palette/|publisher=Duke University|access-date=March 1, 2017}}</ref><br />{{color box|#012169}}&nbsp;{{color box|#FFFFFF}}
| nickname = [[Duke Blue Devils|Blue Devils]]
| sporting_affiliations = [[NCAA Division I]] [[NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision|FBS]] – [[Atlantic Coast Conference|ACC]]
|веб-сајт website = {{URLurl|www.duke.edu}}
| logo = Duke University logo.svg
'''Универзитет Дјук''' ({{јез-енг|Duke University}}) је приватни [[Сједињене Америчке Државе|амерички]] [[универзитет]] смештен у граду [[Дарам (Северна Каролина)|Дараму]], у америчкој савезној држави [[Северна Каролина]]. Универзитет су основали методисти [[1838]]. године, али је садашње име добио [[1924]]. године, када је амерички индустријалац [[Џејмс Дјук]] одлучио да овај универзитет добије име по његовом трагично преминулом оцу [[Вошингтон Дјук|Вошингтону Дјуку]].<ref name="king">{{cite web |url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/narrativehistory.html|title=Duke University: A Brief Narrative History|last=King|first=William E|publisher=Duke University Archives|access-date=May 23, 2011}}</ref> In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist [[James Buchanan Duke]] established [[The Duke Endowment]] and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father, [[Washington Duke]].
The campus spans over {{convert|8600|acre|ha|abbr=off}} on three contiguous sub-campuses in Durham, and a [[Duke University Marine Laboratory|marine lab]] in [[Beaufort, North Carolina|Beaufort]]. The [[Duke University West Campus|West Campus]]—designed largely by architect [[Julian Abele]], an African American architect who graduated first in his class at the [[University of Pennsylvania School of Design]]—incorporates [[Collegiate Gothic in North America|Gothic architecture]] with the {{convert|210|ft|abbr=off|sp=us|adj=on}} [[Duke Chapel]] at the campus' center and highest point of elevation, is adjacent to the [[Duke University Health System|Medical Center]]. [[Duke University East Campus|East Campus]], {{convert|1.5|mi|km|abbr=off|sp=us}} away, home to all first-years, contains [[Georgian architecture|Georgian]]-style architecture. The university administers two concurrent schools in [[Asia]], [[Duke–NUS Medical School|Duke-NUS Medical School]] in [[Singapore]] (established in 2005) and [[Duke Kunshan University]] in [[Kunshan|Kunshan, China]] (established in 2013).<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.huffpost.com/entry/duke-kunshan-university_n_2397356|title=Duke Readies For China Campus Amid Controversy|last=McGuinness|first=William|date=2013-01-02|website=HuffPost|language=en|access-date=2020-03-03}}</ref>
Duke is ranked among the top universities in the United States. The undergraduate admissions are among the most selective in the country, with an overall acceptance rate of 5.7% for the class of 2025.<ref name="2025 stats" /> Duke spends more than $1 billion per year on research, making it one of the ten largest research universities in the United States.<ref>https://today.duke.edu/2021/02/dukes-research-expenditures-exceed-12-billion-latest-federal-data</ref> More than a dozen faculty regularly appear on annual lists of the world’s most-cited researchers.<ref>https://researchblog.duke.edu/2020/11/18/most-highly-cited-list-includes-37-from-duke/
</ref> {{as of|2019||df=}}, [[List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation|15 Nobel laureates]] and [[List of Turing Award laureates by university affiliation|3 Turing Award winners]] have been affiliated with the university. Duke alumni also include 50 [[Rhodes Scholars]], 25 [[Churchill Scholarship|Churchill Scholars]], 13 [[Schwarzman Scholars]], and 8 [[Mitchell Scholarship|Mitchell Scholars]].<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|date=November 22, 2020|title=DUKE SENIOR AWARDED GEORGE J. MITCHELL SCHOLARSHIP TO STUDY IN IRELAND|url=https://today.duke.edu/2020/11/duke-senior-awarded-george-j-mitchell-scholarship-study-ireland|access-date=November 26, 2020|website=Duke Today}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://today.duke.edu/2019/11/duke-senior-gabriella-deich-named-rhodes-scholar|title=Duke Senior Gabriella Deich Named Rhodes Scholar|website=today.duke.edu|language=en|access-date=2020-03-03}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.rhodesscholar.org/winners/college-and-university-winners/|title=Colleges and Universities with U.S. Rhodes Scholarship Winners {{!}} The Rhodes Scholarships|website=www.rhodesscholar.org|access-date=May 31, 2019}}</ref> The university has produced the third highest number of [[Churchill Scholarship|Churchill Scholars]] of any university (behind [[Princeton University|Princeton]] and [[Harvard University|Harvard]]) and the fifth-highest number of [[Rhodes Scholars|Rhodes]], [[Marshall Scholars|Marshall]], [[Truman Scholars|Truman]], [[Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship|Goldwater]], and [[Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation|Udall]] Scholars of any American university between 1986 and 2015.<ref name="autogenerated1986">
[https://www.k-state.edu/media/achievements/pdfs/2015%20May%20Top_scholar_rankings_private_and_public_4.pdf Top Scholar Rankings: 1986–2015] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150905152412/https://www.k-state.edu/media/achievements/pdfs/2015%20May%20Top_scholar_rankings_private_and_public_4.pdf |date=September 5, 2015 }} . ''Kansas State University'', 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.</ref> Duke is the [[alma mater]] of one [[president of the United States]] ([[Richard Nixon]]) and 14 living billionaires.<ref>{{cite news |title=Billionaire Universities |url=https://www.cnbc.com/2016/09/06/19-colleges-to-attend-if-you-want-to-be-a-billionaire.html |work=Forbes | first=Kathleen |last=Elkins}}</ref>
Duke is the second-largest private employer in North Carolina, with more than 39,000 employees.<ref name="nccommerce.com">{{cite web |url=https://www.nccommerce.com/Portals/47/Documents/1Manufacturing%20and%20NonManufacturing%20Employers_2013.pdf |title=North Carolina's Largest Private Employers |access-date=July 31, 2017 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160308221608/http://www.nccommerce.com/Portals/47/Documents/1Manufacturing%20and%20NonManufacturing%20Employers_2013.pdf |archive-date=March 8, 2016 |url-status=dead }}</ref><ref>https://facts.duke.edu</ref> The university has been ranked as an excellent employer by several publications.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.forbes.com/best-employers/list/|title=America's Best Employers|access-date=February 13, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.chronicle.com/interactives/greatcolleges15?cid=at|title=Great Colleges To Work For 2015|date=July 19, 2015|access-date=February 13, 2018}}</ref>
== Историја ==
=== Почеци ===
Duke first opened in 1838 as Brown's Schoolhouse, a private subscription school founded in [[Randolph County, North Carolina|Randolph County]] in the present-day town of [[Trinity, North Carolina|Trinity]].<ref name="chronology">{{cite web|url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/chronology.html|title=A Chronology of Significant Events in Duke University's History|publisher=Duke University Archives|access-date=May 23, 2011}}</ref> Organized by the Union Institute Society, a group of Methodists and Quakers, Brown's Schoolhouse became the Union Institute Academy in 1841 when North Carolina issued a charter. The academy was renamed Normal College in 1851 and then Trinity College in 1859 because of support from the [[Methodist Episcopal Church|Methodist Church]].<ref name="chronology" /> In 1892, Trinity College moved to Durham, largely due to generosity from [[Julian Carr (industrialist)|Julian S. Carr]] and [[Washington Duke]], powerful and respected Methodists who had grown wealthy through the tobacco and electrical industries.<ref name="king" /> Carr donated land in 1892 for the original Durham campus, which is now known as East Campus. At the same time, Washington Duke gave the school $85,000 for an initial endowment and construction costs—later augmenting his generosity with three separate $100,000 contributions in 1896, 1899, and 1900—with the stipulation that the college "open its doors to women, placing them on an equal footing with men."<ref>{{cite journal|url=http://www.dukemagazine.duke.edu/dukemag/issues/111206/depret.html |last=Pyatt |first=Tim |date= 2006 |title=Retrospective: Selections from University Archives |journal=Duke Magazine|publisher=Duke Office of Alumni Affairs |volume=92 |issue=6 |access-date=May 23, 2011 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110515204431/http://www.dukemagazine.duke.edu/dukemag/issues/111206/depret.html |archive-date=May 15, 2011 }}</ref>
In 1924 Washington Duke's son, [[James B. Duke]], established [[The Duke Endowment]] with a $40 million trust fund. Income from the fund was to be distributed to hospitals, orphanages, the [[Methodist Church]], and four colleges (including Trinity College). [[William Preston Few]], the president of Trinity at the time, insisted that the institution be renamed Duke University to honor the family's generosity and to distinguish it from the myriad other colleges and universities carrying the "Trinity" name. At first, James B. Duke thought the name change would come off as self-serving, but eventually, he accepted Few's proposal as a memorial to his father.<ref name="king" /> Money from the endowment allowed the University to grow quickly. Duke's original campus, [[Duke University East Campus|East Campus]], was rebuilt from 1925 to 1927 with [[Georgian architecture|Georgian]]-style buildings. By 1930, the majority of the [[Collegiate Gothic in North America|Collegiate Gothic]]-style buildings on the campus one mile (1.6&nbsp;km) west were completed, and construction on [[Duke University West Campus|West Campus]] culminated with the completion of Duke Chapel in 1935.<ref name="chapel">
[http://www.chapel.duke.edu/history.html Duke University Chapel – History] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120502222622/http://www.chapel.duke.edu/history.html |date=May 2, 2012 }} . ''Friends of Duke Chapel.'' Retrieved July 5, 2011.</ref>
== Референце ==
<ref name="DU & UMC">{{cite web|url=http://archives.umc.org/interior.asp?ptid=2&mid=5585 |archive-url=https://archive.today/20120701131654/http://archives.umc.org/interior.asp?ptid=2&mid=5585 |url-status=dead |archive-date=July 1, 2012 |title=United Methodist schools score high in rankings |publisher=[[The United Methodist Church]] |access-date=June 30, 2007 }}</ref>
<ref name="William Joseph Whalen – Hospitals & Universities">{{cite book|url = https://books.google.com/books?id=sw9ILcqw2hsC&q=methodist&pg=PA162| title = Separated brethren: a review of Protestant, Anglican, Eastern Orthodox & other religions in the United States|publisher = [[Our Sunday Visitor]]|year=2002|isbn = 978-1-931709-05-7}}</ref>
<ref name="IAMSCU">{{cite web|url=http://public.gbhem.org/iamscu/search_results.asp?act=search_gen&search_txt=Duke+University&type=schools&submit=GO |title=Duke University |publisher=[[International Association of Methodist-related Schools, Colleges, and Universities]] (IAMSCU) |access-date=June 30, 2007 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071006100555/http://public.gbhem.org/iamscu/search_results.asp?act=search_gen&search_txt=DUKE%2BUNIVERSITY&type=schools&submit=GO |archive-date=October 6, 2007 }}</ref>
<ref name="2025 stats">{{cite web|url=https://today.duke.edu/2021/04/duke-university-sees-record-increase-undergraduate-applications|title=Duke University sees a record increase in undergraduate applications|website=Duke Today|access-date=May 19, 2021}}</ref>
'''Универзитет Дјук''' ({{јез-енг|Duke University}}) је приватни [[Сједињене Америчке Државе|амерички]] [[универзитет]] смештен у граду [[Дарам (Северна Каролина)|Дараму]], у америчкој савезној држави [[Северна Каролина]]. Универзитет су основали методисти [[1838]]. године, али је садашње име добио [[1924]]. године, када је амерички индустријалац [[Џејмс Дјук]] одлучио да овај универзитет добије име по његовом трагично преминулом оцу [[Вошингтон Дјук|Вошингтону Дјуку]].
== Спољашње везе ==
{{портал|Сједињене Америчке Државе}}
{{Commonscat|Duke University}}
* [http://www.duke.edu/ Званичан сајт]
* [http://www.goduke.com/ Duke Athletics website]
{{authority control}}
{{порталпорталбар|Сједињене Америчке Државе}}
[[Категорија:Универзитети у САД|Дјук]]