Универзитет Дјук — разлика између измена

{{short description|Приватни универзитет у Дурхаму, Северна Каролина, Сједињене Државе}}{{rut}}
{{Infobox university
| name = Универзитет Дјук
| image_upright = .7
| latin_name = -{Universitas Dukiana}-<ref name="Duke Motto">{{cite web|url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/histnotes/insignia.html|title=Shield, Seal and Motto|last=King|first=William E|publisher=Duke University Archives|access-date=November 30, 2016}}</ref>
| motto = -{''Eruditio et Religio''}- ([[Latin]])<ref name="Duke Motto" /><br/>{{јез-енг|Knowledge and Faith}}<ref>{{cite web|url=http://divinity.duke.edu/about|title=About – Duke Divinity School|publisher=Duke Divinity School |access-date=July 4, 2011|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110702004723/http://divinity.duke.edu/about|archive-date=July 2, 2011}}</ref>
| established = {{start date and age|1838}}
| type = [[Private university|PrivateПриватни]] [[research university|истраживачки универзитет]]
| religious_affiliation = [[UnitedУједињена Methodistметодистичка Churchцрква]]<ref name="Duke University's Relation to the Methodist Church">{{cite web|url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/duke-umchh-basic.html|title=Duke University's Relation to the Methodist Church: the basics|quote=Duke University has historical, formal, on-going, and symbolic ties with Methodism, but is an independent and non-sectarian institution ... Duke would not be the institution it is today without its ties to the Methodist Church. However, the Methodist Church does not own or direct the University. Duke is and has developed as a private nonprofit corporation which is owned and governed by an autonomous and self-perpetuating Board of Trustees|publisher=Duke University|year=2002|access-date=March 27, 2010|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100612020402/http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/duke-umchh-basic.html|archive-date=June 12, 2010}}</ref><ref name="DU & UMC"/><ref name="William Joseph Whalen – Hospitals & Universities"/><ref name="IAMSCU"/>
| academic_affiliations = {{hlist| [[Association of American Universities|-{AAU}-]]| [[The Consortium on Financing Higher Education|-{COFHE}-]]| [[568 Group]]| [[Universities Research Association|-{URA}-]]| [[CDIO Initiative|-{CDIO}-]]| [[Oak Ridge Associated Universities|-{ORAU}-]]| [[National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities|-{NAICU}-]]| [[International Association of Methodist-related Schools, Colleges, and Universities|-{IAMSCU}-]]}}
| endowment = $8.,47 billionмилиона (2020)<ref name=endowment>As of June 30, 2020. {{cite report |url=https://www.nacubo.org/-/media/Documents/Research/2020-NTSE-Public-Tables--Endowment-Market-Values--FINAL-FEBRUARY-19-2021.ashx |title=U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 |publisher=National Association of College and University Business Officers and [[TIAA]] |date=February 19, 2021 |access-date=February 19, 2021}}</ref> (TheУниверзитет universityје isтакође alsoпримарни the primary beneficiaryкорисник (32%) ofнезависних the independent $3.,69 billionмилијарди долара [[Duke Endowment|Дјук задужбине]])<ref>{{cite web|url=https://dukeendowment.org/about/about-the-endowment |title=About the Duke Endowment |publisher=The Duke Endowment |access-date=May 21, 2019}}</ref>
| budget = $2.,8 billionмилијарди (FY 2020)<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.dukechronicle.com/article/2019/05/duke-university-board-of-trustees-discusses-task-forces-approves-2-8-billion-budget |title=Board of Trustees discusses task forces, approves $2.8 billion budget at May meeting |date=May 11, 2019 |newspaper=The Chronicle |last=Satisky |first=Jake}}</ref>
| president = [[Vincent Price (educator)|VincentБинсент PriceПрајс]]<ref>{{cite web|url=https://today.duke.edu/2016/12/first-day-president-elect-memorable-one|title=A First Day as President-Elect is a Memorable One|date=December 3, 2016|access-date=July 1, 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170811112401/https://today.duke.edu/2016/12/first-day-president-elect-memorable-one|archive-date=August 11, 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| students = 15,.634 (Fallјесен 2019)<ref name=Facts>{{cite web|url=https://facts.duke.edu/|title=Duke Facts|publisher=Duke University|access-date=December 7, 2019}}</ref>
| undergrad = 6,.526 (Fallјесен 2019)<ref name=Facts/>
| postgrad = 9,.108 (Fallјесен 2019)<ref name=Facts/>
| faculty = 3,.870 (Fallјесен 2019)<ref name=Facts/>
| staff = {{unbulleted list|8,.880 campusзапослених у кампусу employees|41,.206 totalукупно запослених campusу &кампусу healthи systemздравственом employeesсистему (Fallјесен 2019)<ref name=Facts/>}}
| free_label = NewspaperНовине
| free = -{''[[The Duke Chronicle|The Chronicle]]''}-
| city = [[Durham, North Carolina|DurhamДурам]]
| state = NorthСеверна CarolinaКаролина
| country = UnitedСједињене StatesДржаве
| coor = {{Coord|36|0|4|N|78|56|20|W|type:edu_region:US-NC|display=inline,title}}
| campus = SuburbanПриградски/urbanурбани<ref name=Facts/><br />{{convert|8693|acre|km2|1|abbr=on}}
| former_names = {{unbulleted list|{{nowrap|BrownБраун Schoolшкола (1838–1841)}}|{{nowrap|UnionЈунион Instituteинститут (1841–1851)}}|{{nowrap|NormalНормал Collegeколеџ (1851–1859)}}|{{nowrap|TrinityТринити Collegeколеџ (1859–1924)}}}}
| colors = [[Duke blue|Дјук плаво]], whiteбели<ref>{{cite web|title=The Origin of Duke Blue|url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/faqs/duke_blue.html|publisher=Duke University Archives|access-date=March 1, 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Color Palette|url=https://styleguide.duke.edu/color-palette/|publisher=Duke University|access-date=March 1, 2017}}</ref><br />{{color box|#012169}}&nbsp;{{color box|#FFFFFF}}
| nickname = [[Duke Blue Devils|BlueБлу Devilsдевилси]]
| sporting_affiliations = [[NCAA Division I|-{NCAA}- дивизија -{I}-]] [[NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision|-{FBS}-]] – [[Atlantic Coast Conference|-{ACC}-]]
| website = {{url|www.duke.edu}}
| logo = Duke University logo.svg
}}
 
'''Универзитет Дјук''' ({{јез-енг|Duke University}}) је приватни [[Сједињене Америчке Државе|амерички]] [[универзитет]] смештен у граду [[Дарам (Северна Каролина)|Дараму]], у америчкој савезној држави [[Северна Каролина]]. Универзитет су основали методисти [[1838]]. године, али је садашње име добио [[1924]]. године, када је амерички индустријалац [[Џејмс Дјук]] одлучио да овај универзитет добије име по његовом трагично преминулом оцу [[Вошингтон Дјук|Вошингтону Дјуку]].<ref name="king">{{cite web |url=http://library.duke.edu/uarchives/history/narrativehistory.html|title=Duke University: A Brief Narrative History|last=King|first=William E|publisher=Duke University Archives|access-date=May 23, 2011}}</ref> InГодине 1924, tobaccoиндустријалац andу electricобласти powerдувана industrialistи електричне енергије [[JamesЏејмс BuchananБјуканан DukeДјук]] establishedосновао је [[The Duke Endowment|Дјукову задужбину]]. andОваинституција theје institutionкасније changedпроменила itsиме nameу toчаст honorњеговог hisпреминулог deceased fatherоца, [[Washington Duke|Вашингтона Дјука]].
 
TheКампус campusсе spansпростире overна {{convert|8600|acre|ha|abbr=off}}преко on3.500 threeхектара contiguousу sub-campusesтри inсуседна Durhamподкампуса у Дураму, and aи [[Duke University Marine Laboratory|marineпоморској labлабораторији]] inу [[Beaufort, North Carolina|BeaufortБофорту]]. The [[Duke University West Campus|WestЗападни Campusкампус]]—designed largely- byкоји architectје углавном дизајнирао архитекта [[Julian Abele|Џулијан Абил]], anафроамерички Africanархитекта Americanкоји architectје whoдипломирао graduatedкао firstпрви inу hisсвојој class at theкласи [[University of Pennsylvania School of Design|Школе дизајна]]—incorporates [[Универзитет Пенсилваније|Универзитета Пенсилваније]] - укључује [[Collegiate Gothic in North America|Gothicготску architectureархитектуру]] withса the64-метарском {{convert|210|ft|abbr=off|sp=us|adj=on}}капелом, [[Duke Chapel|Дјук капелом]] atу theцентру campus'кампуса centerи andнајвишом highestтачком. pointПоред ofње elevation,се isналази adjacentсе to theуз [[Duke University Health System|MedicalМедицински Centerцентар]]. [[Duke University East Campus|EastИсточни Campusкампус]], {{convert|1.5|mi|km|abbr=off|sp=us}}удаљен away2,4 homeкилометра, toдом allсвих first-yearsстудената првих година, containsизграђен је у архитектури у [[Georgian architecture|Georgianџорџијанског]]-style architectureстила. TheУниверзитет universityадминистрира administersдве twoдодатне concurrentшколе schools inу [[AsiaАзија|Азији]], [[Duke–NUS Medical School|DukeМедицинска школа Дјуке-NUS Medical School]] inу [[SingaporeСингапур]]у (established inоснована 2005. године) andи [[Duke Kunshan University|Универзитет Дуке Куншан]] inу [[Kunshan|Kunshan, ChinaКуншану]] (establishedу inКини (основана 2013. године).<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.huffpost.com/entry/duke-kunshan-university_n_2397356|title=Duke Readies For China Campus Amid Controversy|last=McGuinness|first=William|date=2013-01-02|website=HuffPost|language=en|access-date=2020-03-03}}</ref>
 
Дјуке је рангиран међу водеће универзитете у Сједињеним Државама. Пријем на додипломске студије је међу најселективнијим у земљи, са укупном стопом прихватања од 5,7% за класу 2025.<ref name="2025 stats" /> Дјуке троши више од милијарду долара годишње на истраживање, што га чини једним од десет највећих истраживачких универзитета у Сједињеним Државама.<ref>{{cite web |url= https://today.duke.edu/2021/02/dukes-research-expenditures-exceed-12-billion-latest-federal-data |title = Duke's Research Expenditures Exceed $1.2 Billion in Latest Federal Data}}</ref> Више од десетак факултета редовно се појављује на годишњим листама најцитиранијих светских истраживача.<ref>{{cite web |url= https://researchblog.duke.edu/2020/11/18/most-highly-cited-list-includes-37-from-duke/ |title= Most Highly Cited List Includes 37 from Duke}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= https://researchblog.duke.edu/2014/06/13/duke-researchers-cited-for-their-influence/ |title = Duke Researchers Cited for Their Influence}} </ref> Према подацима из 2019. године, [[List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation|15 нобеловаца]] и [[List of Turing Award laureates by university affiliation|3 добитника Тјурингове награде]] повезани су са овим универзитетом. Алумни Дјука такође укључују 50 [[Rhodes Scholars|Родсових стипендиста]], 25 [[Churchill Scholarship|Черчилових]] учењака, 13 [[Schwarzman Scholars|Шварцманових]] и 8 [[Mitchell Scholarship|Мичелових]] стипендиста.<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|date=November 22, 2020|title=DUKE SENIOR AWARDED GEORGE J. MITCHELL SCHOLARSHIP TO STUDY IN IRELAND|url=https://today.duke.edu/2020/11/duke-senior-awarded-george-j-mitchell-scholarship-study-ireland|access-date=November 26, 2020|website=Duke Today}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://today.duke.edu/2019/11/duke-senior-gabriella-deich-named-rhodes-scholar|title=Duke Senior Gabriella Deich Named Rhodes Scholar|website=today.duke.edu|language=en|access-date=2020-03-03}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.rhodesscholar.org/winners/college-and-university-winners/|title=Colleges and Universities with U.S. Rhodes Scholarship Winners {{!}} The Rhodes Scholarships|website=www.rhodesscholar.org|access-date=May 31, 2019}}</ref> Универзитет је остварио трећи највећи број Черчилових стипендиста од било ког универзитета (иза [[Princeton University|Принсетона]] и [[Harvard University|Харварда]]) и пети највећи број Родесових, [[Marshall Scholars|Маршалових]], [[Truman Scholars|Труманових]], [[Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship|Голдвотерових]] и [[Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation|Удалових]] стипендиста међу америчким универзитетима између 1986. и 2015.<ref name="autogenerated1986">[https://www.k-state.edu/media/achievements/pdfs/2015%20May%20Top_scholar_rankings_private_and_public_4.pdf Top Scholar Rankings: 1986–2015] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150905152412/https://www.k-state.edu/media/achievements/pdfs/2015%20May%20Top_scholar_rankings_private_and_public_4.pdf |date=September 5, 2015 }} . ''Kansas State University'', 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.</ref> Дјуке је [[алма матер]] једног [[president of the United States|председника Сједињених Држава]] ([[Ричард Никсон]]) и 14 живих милијардера.<ref>{{cite news |title=Billionaire Universities |url=https://www.cnbc.com/2016/09/06/19-colleges-to-attend-if-you-want-to-be-a-billionaire.html |work=Forbes | first=Kathleen |last=Elkins}}</ref>
Duke is ranked among the top universities in the United States. The undergraduate admissions are among the most selective in the country, with an overall acceptance rate of 5.7% for the class of 2025.<ref name="2025 stats" /> Duke spends more than $1 billion per year on research, making it one of the ten largest research universities in the United States.<ref>https://today.duke.edu/2021/02/dukes-research-expenditures-exceed-12-billion-latest-federal-data</ref> More than a dozen faculty regularly appear on annual lists of the world’s most-cited researchers.<ref>https://researchblog.duke.edu/2020/11/18/most-highly-cited-list-includes-37-from-duke/
https://researchblog.duke.edu/2014/06/13/duke-researchers-cited-for-their-influence/
</ref> {{as of|2019||df=}}, [[List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation|15 Nobel laureates]] and [[List of Turing Award laureates by university affiliation|3 Turing Award winners]] have been affiliated with the university. Duke alumni also include 50 [[Rhodes Scholars]], 25 [[Churchill Scholarship|Churchill Scholars]], 13 [[Schwarzman Scholars]], and 8 [[Mitchell Scholarship|Mitchell Scholars]].<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|date=November 22, 2020|title=DUKE SENIOR AWARDED GEORGE J. MITCHELL SCHOLARSHIP TO STUDY IN IRELAND|url=https://today.duke.edu/2020/11/duke-senior-awarded-george-j-mitchell-scholarship-study-ireland|access-date=November 26, 2020|website=Duke Today}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://today.duke.edu/2019/11/duke-senior-gabriella-deich-named-rhodes-scholar|title=Duke Senior Gabriella Deich Named Rhodes Scholar|website=today.duke.edu|language=en|access-date=2020-03-03}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.rhodesscholar.org/winners/college-and-university-winners/|title=Colleges and Universities with U.S. Rhodes Scholarship Winners {{!}} The Rhodes Scholarships|website=www.rhodesscholar.org|access-date=May 31, 2019}}</ref> The university has produced the third highest number of [[Churchill Scholarship|Churchill Scholars]] of any university (behind [[Princeton University|Princeton]] and [[Harvard University|Harvard]]) and the fifth-highest number of [[Rhodes Scholars|Rhodes]], [[Marshall Scholars|Marshall]], [[Truman Scholars|Truman]], [[Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship|Goldwater]], and [[Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation|Udall]] Scholars of any American university between 1986 and 2015.<ref name="autogenerated1986">
[https://www.k-state.edu/media/achievements/pdfs/2015%20May%20Top_scholar_rankings_private_and_public_4.pdf Top Scholar Rankings: 1986–2015] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150905152412/https://www.k-state.edu/media/achievements/pdfs/2015%20May%20Top_scholar_rankings_private_and_public_4.pdf |date=September 5, 2015 }} . ''Kansas State University'', 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.</ref> Duke is the [[alma mater]] of one [[president of the United States]] ([[Richard Nixon]]) and 14 living billionaires.<ref>{{cite news |title=Billionaire Universities |url=https://www.cnbc.com/2016/09/06/19-colleges-to-attend-if-you-want-to-be-a-billionaire.html |work=Forbes | first=Kathleen |last=Elkins}}</ref>
 
DukeДуке isје theдруги second-largestпо privateвеличини employerприватни inпослодавац Northу CarolinaСеверној Каролини, withса moreвише thanод 39,.000 employeesзапослених.<ref name="nccommerce.com">{{cite web |url=https://www.nccommerce.com/Portals/47/Documents/1Manufacturing%20and%20NonManufacturing%20Employers_2013.pdf |title=North Carolina's Largest Private Employers |access-date=July 31, 2017 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160308221608/http://www.nccommerce.com/Portals/47/Documents/1Manufacturing%20and%20NonManufacturing%20Employers_2013.pdf |archive-date=March 8, 2016 |url-status=dead }}</ref><ref>[https://facts.duke.edu Duke facts]</ref> The university has beenНеколико rankedпубликација asје anовај excellentуниверзитет employerрангирало byкао severalизврсног publicationsпослодавца.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.forbes.com/best-employers/list/|title=America's Best Employers|access-date=February 13, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.chronicle.com/interactives/greatcolleges15?cid=at|title=Great Colleges To Work For 2015|date=July 19, 2015|access-date=February 13, 2018}}</ref>
 
== Историја ==