Социјални рад — разлика између измена

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{{Short description|Академска дисциплина и професија}}{{rut}}
 
'''Социјални рад''' се, од свог настанка до данас, дефинише на различите начине. Прве дефиниције наглашавале су да [[социјални рад]] укључује милосрђе, [[помоћ]] сиромашнима и [[човек]]ољубље. Одсек за [[социјални рад]] [[Организација уједињених нација|ОУН]], 1960. [[година|године]], дефинише [[социјални рад]] као професију чији је задатак пружање [[помоћ]]и у циљу бољег прилагођавања [[индивидуа|појединаца]] и друштвене [[средина|средине]], односно професију у служби развоја [[личност]]и, [[група]] и [[заједница|заједнице]]. Већа професионализација струке довела је до дефиниције Интернационалног удружења [[социјални рад|социјалних радника]] која истиче да је то организована и на научним принципима заснована професија у циљу [[помоћ]]и [[индивидуа|појединцима]], [[група]]ма и [[заједница]]ма да поново успоставе своје изгубљене могућности за социјално функционисање и [[стварање]] повољних услова за остваривање постављених циљева. Према дефиницији Међународне федерације [[социјални рад|социјалних радника]] (IFSW), професија [[социјални рад|социјалног рада]] промовише социјалне промене, решавање [[проблем]]а кроз међуљудске односе и оснаживање и ослобођење [[човек|људи]] како би се побољшала њихова добробит. Користећи [[теорија|теорије]] [[човек|људског]] [[понашање|понашања]] и социјалних [[систем]]а, [[социјални рад]] интервенише на тачкама на којима су [[човек|људи]] у интеракцији са својим окружењем. Принципи [[човек|људских]] [[право|права]] и социјалне правде су фундаментални за [[социјални рад]].
 
Социјални рад is an academic discipline and [[practice-based professional learning|practice-based]] [[profession]] that concerns itself with individuals, [[Family|families]], [[social group|group]]s, [[communities]], and society as a whole in an effort to meet basic needs and enhance social functioning, self-determination, collective responsibility, optimal health, and overall well-being.<ref>{{Cite web|url= http://www.casw-acts.ca/en/what-social-work|title= What is Social Work? {{!}} Canadian Association of Social Workers|website= www.casw-acts.ca|language= en|access-date= May 13, 2019 | quote = Social work is a profession concerned with helping individuals, families, groups and communities to enhance their individual and collective well-being.}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url= http://ifsw.org/get-involved/global-definition-of-social-work/|title= Global Definition of Social Work {{!}} International Federation of Social Workers|website= ifsw.org|language= en-US|access-date= May 13, 2019 | quote = The following definition was approved by the IFSW General Meeting and the IASSW General Assembly in July 2014: [...] 'Social work is a practice-based profession and an academic discipline that promotes social change and development, social cohesion, and the empowerment and liberation of people. [...]'}}</ref> Social functioning is defined as the ability of an individual to perform their [[social role]]s within their own self, their immediate social environment, and the society at large.<ref>{{Cite web|url= http://www.casw-acts.ca/en/what-social-work/casw-social-work-scope-practice|title= CASW Social Work Scope of Practice {{!}} Canadian Association of Social Workers|website= www.casw-acts.ca|language= en|access-date= July 17, 2017}}</ref> Social work applies areas, such as [[sociology]], [[psychology]], [[human biology]], [[political science]], [[health]], [[community development]], [[law]], and [[economics]], to work with individuals across the lifespan, engage with client [[system]]s, conduct assessments, and develop interventions to solve social problems, personal problems, and bring about [[social change]]. Social work practice is often divided into micro-work, which involves working directly with individuals or small groups; and macro-work, which involves working with communities, and fostering change on a larger scale through social policy.<ref>{{cite book|author=Francis J. Turner|title=Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=tZNNqCo9O7IC&pg=PA219|date=7 September 2005|publisher=Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press|isbn=978-0-88920-436-2|pages=219, 236}}</ref> Starting in the 1980s, a few universities began [[social work management]] programmes, to prepare students for the management of social and human service organisations, in addition to classical social work education.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Austin|first=Michael J.|date=December 2018|title=Social Work Management Practice, 1917–2017: A History to Inform the Future|url=https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/701278|journal=Social Service Review|language=en|volume=92|issue=4|pages=548–616|doi=10.1086/701278|issn=0037-7961}}</ref>
 
The social work profession<ref>{{cite book
| last1 = Dorrien
| first1 = Gary
| author-link1 = Gary Dorrien
| year = 2008
| chapter = Fostering Democratic Citizenship: Jane Addams
| title = Social Ethics in the Making: Interpreting an American Tradition
| url = https://books.google.com/books?id=PP2BDgbW44cC
| location = Chichester
| publisher = John Wiley & Sons
| publication-date = 2011
| page = 168
| isbn = 9781444393798
| access-date = 13 May 2019
| quote = Long condemned by conservatives for launching the social work industry, [Jane] Addams acquired academic critics who agreed for different reasons.
}}</ref> developed in the 19th century, with some of its roots in voluntary [[philanthropy]] and in [[grassroots organizing]].<ref>{{Cite news|url= https://socialwelfare.library.vcu.edu/eras/civil-war-reconstruction/charity-organization-societies-1877-1893/|title= Charity Organization Societies: 1877-1893 - Social Welfare History Project|date= February 4, 2013|work= Social Welfare History Project|access-date= December 29, 2017|language= en-US | quote = The COS emphasis on a scientific approach led to the use of investigation, registration, and supervision of applicants for charity. It resulted too in community-wide efforts to identify and coordinate the resources and activities of private philanthropies and the establishment of centralized 'clearinghouses' or registration bureaus that collected information about the individuals and families receiving assistance. These innovations were later incorporated into the casework method of social work, the organization of Community Chests and Councils, and the operation of Social Service Exchanges.}}</ref> However, responses to social needs had existed long before then, primarily from public almshouses, private [[charities]] and [[religion|religious]] organizations. The effects of the [[Industrial Revolution]] and of the [[Great Depression]] of the 1930s placed pressure on social work to become a more defined discipline.<ref>{{Cite encyclopedia |date= Summer 2017
|title= Social Work Profession |url= http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195306613.001.0001/acref-9780195306613-e-376 |encyclopedia= Encyclopedia of Social Work|volume= 20 }}</ref>
 
== Дефиниција ==
 
'''Social work''' is a broad profession that intersects with several disciplines. Social work organizations offer the following definitions: <blockquote>“Social work is a practice-based profession and an academic discipline that promotes social change and development, social cohesion, and the empowerment and liberation of people. Principles of social justice, human rights, collective responsibility and respect for diversities are central to social work. Underpinned by theories of social work, social sciences, humanities, and indigenous knowledge, social work'' ''engages people and structures to address life challenges and enhance well-being."<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://ifsw.org/policies/definition-of-social-work/|title=Global Definition of Social Work {{!}} International Federation of Social Workers|website=ifsw.org|language=en-US|access-date=July 19, 2017}}</ref> –[[International Federation of Social Workers]] </blockquote><blockquote>"Social work is a profession concerned with helping individuals, families, groups and communities to enhance their individual and collective well-being. It aims to help people develop their skills and their ability to use their resources and those of the community to resolve problems. Social work is concerned with individual and personal problems but also with broader social issues such as poverty, unemployment, and domestic violence."<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.casw-acts.ca/en/what-social-work|title=What is Social Work? {{!}} Canadian Association of Social Workers|website=www.casw-acts.ca|language=en|access-date=July 19, 2017}}</ref> –[[Canadian Association of Social Workers]] </blockquote><blockquote>Social work practice consists of the professional application of social principles, and techniques to one or more of the following ends: helping people obtain tangible services; counseling and psychotherapy with individuals, families, and groups; helping communities or groups provide or improve social and health services, and participating in legislative processes. The practice of social work requires knowledge of human development and behavior; of social and economic, and cultural institutions; and the interaction of all these factors."<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.naswdc.org/practice/default.asp|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20020531061348/http://www.naswdc.org/practice/default.asp|url-status=dead|archive-date=May 31, 2002|title=Practice - NASW|website=www.naswdc.org|access-date=July 19, 2017}}</ref> –[[National Association of Social Workers]]</blockquote><blockquote>"Social workers work with individuals and families to help improve outcomes in their lives. This may be helping to protect vulnerable people from harm or abuse or supporting people to live independently. Social workers support people, act as advocates and direct people to the services they may require. Social workers often work in multi-disciplinary teams alongside health and education professionals."<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.basw.co.uk/social-work-careers/#whatissocialwork|title=What Is Social Work?}}</ref> –[[British Association of Social Workers]]</blockquote>
 
== Подручја социјалног рада ==
== Администрација у социјалном раду ==
Администрација у социјалном раду се односи на социјалне агенције које треба да спроведу [[социјална политика|социјалну политику]] у облику социјалних услуга. Синоним је за имплементацију административних метода, професионалних вредности и [[етика|етике]]. Очекује се да ће ови методи омогућити социјалним радницима да обезбеде ефективне и хумане услуге [[клијент]]има.
 
== Референце ==
{{Reflist|}}
 
== Литература ==
{{Refbegin|30em}}
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|title=From Charity to Social Work: Mary E. Richmond and the Creation of an American Profession
|year=2004
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|oclc=51848398}}
 
* {{cite book
|last=Bodenheimer |first=Danna
|title=Real World Clinical Social Work: Find Your Voice and Find Your Way
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* {{cite book
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|title=Social Work Dictionary
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|oclc=52341511}}
 
* {{cite book
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|publisher=Cengage Learning
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* {{cite book
|last=Butler |first=Ian and Gwenda Roberts
|title=Social Work with Children and Families: Getting into Practice
|year=2004 |edition=2nd
|publisher=Jessica Kingsley Publishers
|location=London, England; New York, NY
|isbn=1-4175-0103-0
|oclc=54768636}}
 
* {{cite book
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|title=Clinical Assessment for Social Workers: Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=W7mSDAEACAAJ
|date=20 November 2015
|publisher=Oxford University Press
|isbn=978-0-19-065643-0}}
 
* {{cite book
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* {{cite book
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|publisher=Oxford University Press
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|oclc=82772632}}
 
* {{cite book|author1=Kenneth J. Linfield|author2=Emil J. Posavac|title=Program Evaluation: Methods and Case Studies|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=MpFoDwAAQBAJ|date=3 September 2018|publisher=Taylor & Francis|isbn=978-1-351-59201-7}}
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* {{cite book
|author= Mary Carmel Ruffolo |author2= Brian E Perron |author3= Elizabeth H Voshel
|title=Direct Social Work Practice: Theories and Skills for Becoming an Evidence-Based Practitioner
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|publisher=SAGE Publications
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|isbn=978-1-483-37924-1}}
 
* {{cite book
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|oclc=156816850}}
 
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* {{cite book
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|title=The Policy-Based Profession: An Introduction to Social Welfare Policy Analysis for Social Workers
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* {{cite book
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|oclc=757394287}}
 
*{{cite book
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|publisher=SAGE Publications
|isbn=978-1-4833-1497-6}}
 
* {{cite book
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|publisher=NASW Press
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|oclc=63187493
|url-access=registration
|url=https://archive.org/details/ethicalstandards0000ream_x2s5
}}
 
* {{cite book
|last=Richardson |first=Virginia E. and Amanda Smith Barusch
|title=Gerontological Practice for the Twenty-First Century: A Social Work Perspective
|year=2006
|publisher=Columbia University Press
|location=New York, NY
|isbn=0-231-10748-X
|oclc=60373501}}
 
* {{cite book|author1=Richard S. Balkin|author2=Gerald A. Juhnke|title=Assessment in Counseling: Practice and Applications|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=u8M9DwAAQBAJ|year=2018|publisher=Oxford University Press|isbn=978-0-19-067275-1}}
* {{cite book
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* {{cite book
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* {{cite book
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|first=Bruce A. |author2= John S. Wodarski
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|publisher=John Wiley
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|url=https://archive.org/details/socialworkinment0000unse
}}
 
* {{cite book
|last=Turner |first=Francis J.
|title=Canadian Encyclopedia of Social Work
|year=2005
|publisher=Wilfrid Laurier University Press
|location=Waterloo, ON
|isbn=0-88920-436-5
|oclc=57354998}}
 
* {{cite book
|last=Webb |first=Stephen
|title=Social Work in a Risk Society
|year=2006
|publisher=Palgrave, Macmillan
|location=London, UK
|isbn=978-0-230-21442-2
|oclc=49959266}}
* {{cite book
|last=Webb |first=Stephen
|title=Professional Identity and Social Work
|year=2017
|publisher=Routledge
|location=London, UK
|isbn= 9781138234437
|oclc=49959266}}
 
* {{cite book
|last=Zastrow|first=Charles
|title=Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare: Empowering People
|year=2014
|publisher=Cengage Learning
|location=Belmount
|isbn=9781285176406}}
 
* {{cite book |editor=Jerrold R. Brandell |title=Theory and Practice in Clinical Social Work |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=K9Hm0UuFGJ0C |date=February 1997 |publisher=Simon and Schuster |isbn=978-0-684-82765-0 }}
 
{{Refend}}
 
== Спољашње везе ==
* [http://www.ifsw.org -{IFSW}-]
* [http://www.socialservice.com -{The Social Service Job Site}-]
* [http://whatcanidowiththismajor.com/major/social-work/ Social Work, WCIDWTM - The University of Tennessee]
* [http://gsociology.icaap.org/methods/ Social Work Evaluation and Research Resources]
 
{{Друштвене науке}}