Тајландски залив — разлика између измена

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== Географија ==
[[File:LocationGulfOfThailand.png|thumb|right|250п|Мапа која показује локацију залива]]
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The Gulf of Thailand is bordered by [[Cambodia]], [[Thailand]], [[Malaysia]], and [[Vietnam]].<ref>{{cite web |title=Map of Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Thailand Location Facts, Major Bodies of Water, South China Sea |url=https://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/gulfofthailand.htm |website=World Atlas |access-date=29 July 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Gulf of Thailand |url=https://www.britannica.com/place/Gulf-of-Thailand |website=Encyclopedia Britannica |access-date=29 July 2018}}</ref> It occupies a seabed area of 304,000&nbsp;km<sup>2</sup> from 6° N to 13°30' N latitude and 99°E to 104° E longitude.<ref name=Worldfish>{{cite web |last1=Khongchai |first1=Narongsak |last2=Vibunpant |first2=Somchai |last3=Eiamsa-ard |first3=Monton |last4=Supongpan |first4=Mala |title=Preliminary Analysis of Demersal Fish Assemblages in Coastal Waters of the Gulf of Thailand |url=http://pubs.worldfishcenter.org/resource_centre/AMF_Chapter-12-FA.pdf |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150219173027/http://pubs.worldfishcenter.org/resource_centre/AMF_Chapter-12-FA.pdf |url-status=dead |archive-date=19 February 2015 |website=Worldfish |access-date=19 Feb 2015 }}</ref>{{rp|250}} The northern tip of the gulf is the [[Bay of Bangkok]] at the mouth of the [[Chao Phraya River]]. The southern boundary of the gulf is defined by a line from [[Cape Bai Bung]] in southern Vietnam (just south of the mouth of the [[Mekong River]]) to the town of [[Tumpat District|Tumpat]] and [[Pengkalan Chepa]] on the Malaysian coast.
 
TheТајландски Gulfзалив ofсе Thailandграничи is bordered byса [[Cambodia|Камбоџом]], [[ThailandТајланд]]ом, [[Malaysia|Малезијом]], andи [[VietnamВијетнам]]ом.<ref>{{cite web |title=Map of Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Thailand Location Facts, Major Bodies of Water, South China Sea |url=https://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/gulfofthailand.htm |website=World Atlas |access-date=29 July 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Gulf of Thailand |url=https://www.britannica.com/place/Gulf-of-Thailand |website=Encyclopedia Britannica |access-date=29 July 2018}}</ref> ItОн occupiesзаузима aповршину seabedморског areaдна ofод 304,.000&nbsp;km<sup>2</sup> fromодNС toдо 13°30' NС latitudeгеографске andширине и 99°E toИ до 104° EИ географске longitudeдужине.<ref name=Worldfish>{{cite web |last1=Khongchai |first1=Narongsak |last2=Vibunpant |first2=Somchai |last3=Eiamsa-ard |first3=Monton |last4=Supongpan |first4=Mala |title=Preliminary Analysis of Demersal Fish Assemblages in Coastal Waters of the Gulf of Thailand |url=http://pubs.worldfishcenter.org/resource_centre/AMF_Chapter-12-FA.pdf |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150219173027/http://pubs.worldfishcenter.org/resource_centre/AMF_Chapter-12-FA.pdf |url-status=dead |archive-date=19 February 2015 |website=Worldfish |access-date=19 Feb 2015 }}</ref>{{rp|250}} TheСеверни northernврх tipзалива of the gulf is theје [[Bay of Bangkok|залив Бангкок]] atна theушћу mouthу ofзалив theреке [[Chao Phraya River|Чао Праја]]. TheЈужна southernграница boundaryзалива ofје the gulf is defined byдефинисана aлинијом lineод fromрта [[Cape Bai Bung|Бај Бунг]] inу southernјужном VietnamВијетнаму (justјужније southод ofушћа the mouth of theреке [[Mekong River|Меконг]]) toдо the town ofграда [[Tumpat District|TumpatТумпат]] andи [[Pengkalan Chepa|Пенгкалан Чепа]] on theна Malaysianмалезијској coastобали.
The gulf is relatively shallow: its mean depth is {{convert|58|m|ft}} and the maximum depth is only {{convert|85|m|ft}}.<ref name=Worldfish />{{rp|250}} This makes water exchange slow, and the strong water inflow from the rivers reduce the level of [[salinity]] in the gulf (3.05–3.25 percent) and enriches the [[sediment]]s. Only at greater depths does water with a higher salinity (3.4 percent) flow into the gulf from the [[South China Sea]]. It fills the central depression below a depth of {{convert|50|m|ft}}. The main rivers which empty into the gulf are the Chao Phraya, including its distributary [[Tha Chin River]], the [[Mae Klong]], and [[Bang Pakong River|Bang Pakong]] rivers at the [[Bay of Bangkok]], and to a lesser degree the [[Tapi River, Thailand|Tapi River]] flowing into [[Bandon Bay]] in the southwest of the gulf.
 
Залив је релативно плитак: његова средња дубина је {{convert|58|m|ft}}, а максимална дубина је само {{convert|85|m|ft}}.<ref name=Worldfish />{{rp|250}} Ово успорава размену воде, а јак доток воде из река се смањује. ниво [[салинитет]]а у заливу (3,05–3,25 одсто) и обогаћује [[sediment|седименте]]. Само на већим дубинама вода са већим салинитетом (3,4 одсто) утиче у залив из [[South China Sea|Јужног кинеског мора]]. Он испуњава централну депресију испод дубине од {{convert|50|m|ft}}. Главне реке које се уливају у залив су Чао Праја, укључујући реку [[Tha Chin River|Та Чин]], реку [[Mae Klong|Мае Клонг]] и [[Bang Pakong River|Банг Паконг]] у заливу Бангкок, и у мањој мери реку [[Tapi River, Thailand|Тапи]] која се улива у залив [[Bandon Bay|Бандон]] на југозападу залива.
The [[International Hydrographic Organization]] defines the southern limit of the gulf as "[a] line running from the Western extreme of [[Cambodia]] or [[Cape Cà Mau|Camau Point]] (8°36'N) to the Northern extreme of the point on the East side of the estuary of the [[Kelantan River]] ({{Coord|6|14|N|102|15|E}})".<ref name=iho>{{cite web |url=https://iho.int/uploads/user/pubs/standards/s-23/S-23_Ed3_1953_EN.pdf |title=Limits of Oceans and Seas |edition=3 |year=1953 |publisher=International Hydrographic Organization |page=23 |access-date=28 December 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111008191433/http://www.iho.int/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S-23_Ed3_1953_EN.pdf |archive-date=8 October 2011 }}</ref>
 
The [[International Hydrographic Organization|Међународна хидрографска организација]] definesдефинише theјужну southernграницу limitзалива ofкао the„линија gulfкоја asсе "[a]протеже lineод runningзападног fromекстремног the Western extreme ofдела [[Cambodia|Камбоџе]] orили тачке [[Cape Cà Mau|Camau PointКамау]] (8°36'NН) toдо theсеверног Northernекстрема extremeтачке ofна theисточној pointстрани onушћа the East side of the estuary of theреке [[Kelantan River|Келантан]] ({{Coord|6|14|N|102|15|E}})".<ref name=iho>{{cite web |url=https://iho.int/uploads/user/pubs/standards/s-23/S-23_Ed3_1953_EN.pdf |title=Limits of Oceans and Seas |edition=3 |year=1953 |publisher=International Hydrographic Organization |page=23 |access-date=28 December 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111008191433/http://www.iho.int/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S-23_Ed3_1953_EN.pdf |archive-date=8 October 2011 }}</ref>
 
== Животна средина ==