Историја Русије — разлика између измена

At the end of World War I, the vast empires of the Ottomans, the Habsburgs, and the Romanovs collapsed, leaving Eastern Europe and Eurasia in turmoil. Only the Russian empire was reconfigured, under Bolshevik leadership. Stalin led it through industrialization and the Nazi onslaught to become a superpower rivaling the United States. Yet the Soviet Union remained essentially an empire, held together by a party rather than tsar. The command economy proved progressively less able to cope with postindustrial technologies and with the demands of the new industrial middle class and well-educated bureaucracy forged under its tutelage. Gorbachev's ''[[Perestroika]]'' spelled deconstruction of the economy; and ''glasnost'' allowed ethnic and nationalist disaffection to reach the surface. When Gorbachev tried to reform the party, he weakened the bonds that held the state and union together.
===ПојаваРуска Руске републикерепублика у оквиру Совјетског Савеза ===
[[Слика: Горбачов и Јењцин. jpg|мини|десно|250п| Горбачов је оптужио Бориса Јељцина, старог ривала и првог пост-совјетског председника, да је разорио земњу из чисте жеље за напретком личних интереса.]]
BecauseЗбог ofдоминантне theпозиције dominantРуса positionу ofСовјетском RussiansСавезу, inскоро theда Sovietнико Union,није mostправио gaveвелику littleразлику thoughtизмеђу toРусије anyи distinctionСовјетског betweenСавеза Russiaсве andдо theпред USSRкрај before the late [[1980s]]80-тих. HoweverМеђутим, theчињеница factда thatсу theРуси Sovietдоминирали regimeсовјетскин wasређимом dominatedне byзначи Russiansда didје notРуска meanрепублика thatобавезно theпрофитирала Russianод SFSRовог necessarily benefited from this arrangementсавеза. InУ theСовјетском Soviet UnionСавезу, Russia lacked even the paltry instruments of statehood that the other republics possessed, such as its own republic-level Communist Party branch, [[KGB]], trade union council, Academy of Sciences, and the like. The reason of course is that if these organizations had had branches at the level of the Russian SFSR, they would have threatened the power of Union-level structures.
In the late 1980s, Gorbachev underestimated the importance of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic emerging as a second power base to rival the Soviet Union. A Russian nationalist backlash against the Union came with many Russians arguing that Russia had long been subsidizing other republics, which tended to be poorer, with cheap oil, for instance. Demands were growing for Russia to have its own institutions, underdeveloped because of the equation of the Russian republic and the Soviet Union. As Russian nationalism became vocal in the late 1980s, a tension emerged between those who wanted to hold the Russian-dominated Union together and those who wanted to create a strong Russian state.