Četiri velika otkrića drevne Kine — разлика између измена

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* [[Kompas]] (指南针)<ref>{{cite web-lat|url=http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_aboutchina/2003-09/24/content_26519.htm|title=Four Great Inventions of Ancient China — Compass|publisher=ChinaCulture.org|accessdate=20. maja 2011.}}</ref>
* [[Barut]] (火药)<ref>{{cite web-lat
|url=http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_aboutchina/2003-09/24/content_26504.htm
|title=Four Great Inventions of Ancient China — Gunpowder
|publisher=[http://www.chinaculture.org ChinaCulture.org]
|accessdate=20. maja 2011.
}}</ref>
* [[Papir]] (造纸术)<ref>{{cite web-lat
|url=http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_aboutchina/2003-09/24/content_26514.htm
|title=Four Great Inventions of Ancient China — Paper
|publisher=[http://www.chinaculture.org ChinaCulture.org]
|accessdate=20. maja 2011.
}}</ref>
* [[Štamparstvo]] (活字印刷术)<ref>{{cite web-lat
|url=http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_aboutchina/2003-09/24/content_26509.htm
|title=Four Great Inventions of Ancient China — Printing
|publisher=[http://www.chinaculture.org ChinaCulture.org]
|accessdate=20. maja 2011.
}}</ref>
Ova četiri otkrića imala su ogroman uticaj na razvoj [[Kineska civilizacija|kineske civilizacije]], kao i dalekosežni globalni uticaj.<ref>Iako nesvestan njihovog porekla, [[Fransis Bejkon]] (-{''Francis Bacon''}-) pisao je o važnosti ovih tehnologija za srednjovekovni svet: „Štamparstvo, barut i kompas: Ova tri promenila su čitavo lice i stanje stvari širom sveta; prva u književnosti, druga u ratovanju i treća u plovidbi. Od njih su potekle nebrojene promene, tako velike da se čini da nijedno carstvo, sekta, ili zvezda nisu imale veći uticaj na čoveka od ovih mehaničkih otkrića.“ (originalan citat: ''Printing, gunpowder and the compass: These three have changed the whole face and state of things throughout the world; the first in literature, the second in warfare, the third in navigation; whence have followed innumerable changes, in so much that no empire, no sect, no star seems to have exerted greater power and influence in human affairs than these mechanical discoveries'') [[wikisource:Novum Organum/Book I (Wood)|Novum Organum, Book I, 129.]]</ref> Ipak, neki savremeni kineski naučnici naglašavaju da su drugi [[Spisak kineskih pronalazaka|kineski pronalasci]] možda bili prefinjeniji i da su izvršili veći uticaj, a da Četiri velika pronalaska služe samo za označavanje tehnološke interakcije između Istoka i Zapada.<ref name="BeijingReview" >{{cite journal
|date = 26. 8. 2008.
|title=Do We Need to Redefine the Top Four Inventions?
|journal=Beijing Review
|issue=35
|url=http://www.bjreview.com.cn/special/txt/2008-08/26/content_146777.htm
|accessdate=20. maja 2011.
}}</ref>
 
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