Kanabis (lek) — разлика између измена

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[[Датотека:Macro cannabis bud.jpg|thumb|Osušeni pupoljak biljke -{''Cannabis sativa''}-]]
'''Kanabis''' (''Marihuana'') je osušeno lišće biljke ''-{[[Конопља|Cannabis sativa]]}-'', koje se koristi kao opojna droga i za medicinske svrhe.<ref name="bookSpanish Word Histories or and Mysteries">{{Cite book | publisher = Houghton Mifflin Harcourt | isbn = 0-618-91054-9, 9780618910540 | last = Company | first = Houghton Mifflin | coauthors = American Heritage Dictionaries | title = Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries | date = 14. 11. 2007. | page = 142 | url = http://books.google.com/?id=VTYBbGybtNEC&pg=PA142|pages=142-}}</ref> Često se i cela biljka naziva ''marihuana''. Ona je jedno od najblažih i najslabijih halucinogenih sredstva.
 
Kanabis sadrži psihoaktivni [[Tetrahidrokanabinol|delta-9-tetrahidrokanabinol]] (-{Δ<sup>9</sup>-THC}-). On je jedno od preko 400 jedinjenje u biljci, uključujući druge [[kanabinoid]]e, kao što su [[kanabidiol]], [[kanabinol]], i [[tetrahidrokanabivarin]], koji mogu da proizvedu senzorne efekte za razliku od psihoaktivnog dejstva THC-a.<ref name="pmid19124693">{{cite journal |author=Fusar-Poli P, Crippa JA, Bhattacharyya S, ''et al.'' |title=Distinct effects of {delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Neural Activation during Emotional Processing |journal= Archives of General Psychiatry |volume=66|issue=1|pages=95–105|year=2009|month=January|pmid=19124693|doi=10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2008.519|url=|accessdate = 26. 9. 2009.}}</ref>
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|last = Russo |first =Ethan |coauthor= Melanie Creagan Dreher, Mary Lynn Mathre |year =2004 |title =Women and cannabis: medicine, science, and sociology|url =http://books.google.ca/books?id=gZJ7m3Uf6FQC&lpg=PA29&dq=History%20of%20Cannabis&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true |publisher= Haworth Press|isbn= 0-7890-2101-3|accessdate = }}
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|last = Solowij |first =Nadia |coauthor= |year =1998 |title =Cannabis and cognitive functioning|url =http://books.google.ca/books?id=bL2u5RRYIpcC&lpg=PA84&dq=History%20of%20Cannabis&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=true |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=0-521-59114-7 }}
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|publisher = Houghton Mifflin Harcourt | isbn = 0-618-91054-9, 9780618910540 | last = Company | first = Houghton Mifflin | coauthors = American Heritage Dictionaries | title = Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries |year=2007 | page = 142 | url = http://books.google.com/?id=VTYBbGybtNEC&pg=PA142|pages=142-}}
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|last=Rudgley|first=Richard| year = 1998 | title = Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age. | isbn = 0-684-85580-1 | publisher = Free Press | location = New York }}
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|last1 = UNODC | title = World Drug Report 2010 | publisher = United Nations Publication | page = 198 | url = http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/WDR-2010.html | accessdate = 19. 7. 2010.}}
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