Sinapsidi su klada izumrlih gmizavaca kojoj pripadaju prapreci sisara, Therapsida. Bili su dominantni kopneni kičmenjaci u srednjem i kasnom permu.[2][3][4][5]

Sinapsidi
Vremenski raspon: Misisipij—sadašnjost, 320–0 Ma
Dimetrodon.jpg
Dimetrodon grandis kostur, Nacionalni prirodnjački muzej
Naučna klasifikacija e
Carstvo: Animalia
Tip: Chordata
Natklasa: Tetrapodi
Kladus: Reptiliomorpha
Kladus: Amniota
Kladus: Synapsida
Osborn, 1903
Podgrupe
Sinonimi

Theropsida Seeley, 1895[1]

ReferenceУреди

  1. ^ Seeley, Harry Govier (1895). „Researches on the Structure, Organisation, and Classification of the Fossil Reptilia. Part X. On the Complete Skeleton of an Anomodont Reptile (Aristodesmus rutimeyeri, Wiedersheim), from the Bunter Sandstone of Reihen, near Basel, Giving New Evidence of the Relation of the Anomodontia to the Monotremata” (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 59: 167—169. doi:10.1098/rspl.1895.0070. 
  2. ^ Laurin & Reisz 2007.
  3. ^ Alfred Romer & Parsons, T.S. (1985): The Vertebrate Body. (6th ed.) Saunders, Philadelphia
  4. ^ Carroll 1988: 397.
  5. ^ Benton 2005: 122.

LiteraturaУреди

  • Michael J. Benton . Vertebrate Paleontology, Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd. 2005. ISBN 978-0-632-05637-8.
  • Bramble, D. M.; Jenkins, F. A. (1993). „Mammalian locomotor-respiratory integration: Implications for diaphragmatic and pulmonary design”. Science. 262 (5131): 235—240. PMID 8211141. doi:10.1126/science.8211141. 
  • Carroll, Robert L. . Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. New York: W.H. Freeman & Co. 1988. ISBN 978-0-7167-1822-2.
  • Hopson, James A. (1987). „The Mammal-Like Reptiles: A Study of Transitional Fossils”. The American Biology Teacher. 49 (1): 16—26. 
  • Lambert, David . Dinosaur Encyclopedia. 2001. ISBN 978-0-7894-7935-8.
  • Laurin, Michel, and Robert R. Reisz (2007). Synapsida: Mammals and their extinct relatives. Version 6 April 2007. The Tree of Life Web Project.
  • Colbert, E. H. (1969). Evolution of the Vertebrates (2nd изд.). New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc. ISBN 978-0-471-16466-1. 

Spoljašnje vezeУреди