Хановер — разлика између измена

10.765 бајтова додато ,  пре 11 месеци
.
м (uklanjanje dupliranih poziva)
(.)
| назив = Хановер
| изворни_назив = ''-{Hannover}-''
| слика = Neues Rathaus Hannover abends.jpg{{Photomontage|position=center
| photo1a = Neues Rathaus Hannover abends.jpg
| опис_слике = Градска већница у Хановеру
| photo2a = Kröpcke_Uhr_Hannover.jpg
| photo2b = HanoverMarktkirche.JPG
| photo3a =
| photo3b =
| photo4a = Inselgraben_Eilenriede.jpg
| size = 280
| spacing = 2
| color = #FFFFFF
| border = 0
}}
| опис_слике = Хановер
| слика_мапа = Hannover in H.svg
| ширина_мапе =
== Географија ==
Општина се налази на надморској висини од 55 метара. Површина општине износи 204,1 -{km<sup>2</sup>}-.
 
=== Клима ===
 
Хановер има [[oceanic climate|океанску климу]] ([[Köppen climate classification|Кепен]]: -{''Cfb''}-) независну од изотерме. Мада град није на косталној локацији, предоминантне [[Air mass|ваздушне масе]] су још увек океанске, за разлику од места даље на исток или у јужно-централној [[Germany|Немачкој]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=83301&cityname=Hannover,+Germany|title=Hannover, Germany Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)|website=Weatherbase|access-date=2019-01-28}}</ref>
 
{{Weather box
|location = Хановера, 1981–2010 нормале, екстреми 1936–2015
|metric first = Yes
|single line = Yes
|width = 80%
|Jan record high C = 15.7
|Feb record high C = 18.3
|Mar record high C = 24.4
|Apr record high C = 29.7
|May record high C = 32.2
|Jun record high C = 33.9
|Jul record high C = 36.4
|Aug record high C = 38.1
|Sep record high C = 33.0
|Oct record high C = 26.7
|Nov record high C = 20.6
|Dec record high C = 16.3
|year record high C = 38.1
|Jan high C = 4.0
|Feb high C = 4.9
|Mar high C = 8.9
|Apr high C = 13.9
|May high C = 18.5
|Jun high C = 20.9
|Jul high C = 23.5
|Aug high C = 23.2
|Sep high C = 18.9
|Oct high C = 13.7
|Nov high C = 8.1
|Dec high C = 4.5
|year high C = 13.6
|Jan mean C = 1.6
|Feb mean C = 1.9
|Mar mean C = 5.0
|Apr mean C = 8.9
|May mean C = 13.4
|Jun mean C = 16.0
|Jul mean C = 18.4
|Aug mean C = 17.9
|Sep mean C = 14.2
|Oct mean C = 9.9
|Nov mean C = 5.5
|Dec mean C = 2.3
|year mean C = 9.6
|Jan low C = −1.1
|Feb low C = −1.1
|Mar low C = 1.2
|Apr low C = 3.8
|May low C = 7.8
|Jun low C = 10.8
|Jul low C = 13.1
|Aug low C = 12.9
|Sep low C = 9.9
|Oct low C = 6.4
|Nov low C = 2.8
|Dec low C = −0.2
|year low C = 5.5
|Jan record low C = −22.4
|Feb record low C = −24.3
|Mar record low C = −18.3
|Apr record low C = −7.4
|May record low C = −3.2
|Jun record low C = 0.3
|Jul record low C = 3.3
|Aug record low C = 3.3
|Sep record low C = −1.3
|Oct record low C = −7.9
|Nov record low C = −17.1
|Dec record low C = −20.9
|year record low C = −24.3
|precipitation colour = green
|Jan precipitation mm = 55.9
|Feb precipitation mm = 41.1
|Mar precipitation mm = 54.8
|Apr precipitation mm = 39.6
|May precipitation mm = 56.1
|Jun precipitation mm = 59.2
|Jul precipitation mm = 61.0
|Aug precipitation mm = 68.7
|Sep precipitation mm = 57.2
|Oct precipitation mm = 52.8
|Nov precipitation mm = 54.7
|Dec precipitation mm = 60.2
|year precipitation mm = 661.3
|Jan sun = 50.0
|Feb sun = 71.4
|Mar sun = 108.1
|Apr sun = 166.2
|May sun = 216.4
|Jun sun = 204.5
|Jul sun = 213.4
|Aug sun = 199.5
|Sep sun = 144.4
|Oct sun = 107.2
|Nov sun = 52.7
|Dec sun = 38.9
|year sun = 1566.0
|source = [[Deutscher Wetterdienst|DWD]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.dwd.de/bvbw/appmanager/bvbw/dwdwwwDesktop?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=_dwdwww_klima_umwelt_klimadaten_deutschland&T82002gsbDocumentPath=Navigation%2FOeffentlichkeit%2FKlima__Umwelt%2FKlimadaten%2Fkldaten__kostenfrei%2Fausgabe__monatswerte__node.html%3F__nnn%3Dtrue
|dead-url = y
|title=Ausgabe der Klimadaten: Monatswerte}}</ref>
|date=June 25, 2014
}}
 
== Становништво ==
== Референце ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Литература ==
{{Refbegin|30em}}
* {{Citation
|publisher = Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown
|publication-date = 1819
|publication-place = London |title = [[Rees's Cyclopædia|The Cyclopaedia]] |author= Abraham Rees
|chapter= Hanover
|chapterurl= http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015057241179?urlappend=%3Bseq=318
}}
* {{Citation
|title = Descriptive Road-Book of Germany
|author= Edward Augustus Domeier
|publication-date = 1830
|publisher = [[Samuel Leigh (bookseller)|Samuel Leigh]] |location=London
|chapter= Hanover
|chapterurl= http://hdl.handle.net/2027/hvd.hx167e?urlappend=%3Bseq=94
}}
* {{cite book
|title =Handbook for North Germany
|publisher =[[Murray's Handbooks for Travellers|J. Murray]]
|location =London
|year =1886
|chapterurl =http://hdl.handle.net/2027/hvd.hn1imr?urlappend=%3Bseq=192
|chapter=Hanover
}}
* {{cite book
|title=[[Chambers's Encyclopaedia]]
|location=London
|year=1901
|chapterurl= http://hdl.handle.net/2027/uc2.ark:/13960/t1fj2r624?urlappend=%3Bseq=563
|chapter=Hanover
| ref = {{harvid|Chambers|1901}}
}}
* {{Citation
|publisher = [[List of Baedeker Guides|Karl Baedeker]] |publication-place = Leipzig |title = Northern Germany
|edition=15th
|publication-date = 1910 |oclc = 78390379
|chapterurl = https://archive.org/stream/northerngerma00karl#page/n137/mode/2up
|chapter=Hanover
}} + [https://archive.org/stream/northerngermanyh00inkarl#page/72/mode/2up 1873 ed.]
* {{Citation
| title = [[Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition|Encyclopædia Britannica]]
| publication-place = New York
| publication-date = 1910
| edition=11th
| oclc = 14782424
| via=Internet Archive
| chapter = Hanover
| chapterurl = https://archive.org/stream/encyclopaediabrit12chisrich#page/926/mode/1up
| ref = {{harvid|Britannica|1910}}
}}
* {{cite book
|author=Robert E Dickinson
|title=West European City: a Geographical Interpretation
|year= 1951
|publisher=Routledge |isbn=978-1-136-25970-8
|chapter=Structure of the German City: Hanover
|chapterurl=https://books.google.com/books?id=OXH6AQAAQBAJ&pg=PA97
}}
* {{citation
|title=The NSDAP in Hanover and Lower Saxony 1921-26
|author=John Farquharson
|work= Journal of Contemporary History
|volume= 8
|year= 1973
|jstor=260130
| ref = {{harvid|Farquharson|1973}}
}}
* {{citation
|title =Democratization of Local Politics in the British Zone of Germany: Hanover 1945-47
|author = Barbara Marshall
|work =Journal of Contemporary History |volume= 21
|year =1986
|jstor=260436
| ref = {{harvid|Marshall|1986}}
}}
* {{citation
|title ='Futura' without a Future: Kurt Schwitters' Typography for Hanover Town Council, 1929-1934
|author1=Werner Heine |author2=Annette Haxton
|lastauthoramp=yes |work =Journal of Design History |volume= 7
|year =1994
|jstor=1316081
| ref = {{harvid|Heine|1994}}
}}
 
; 19. век
* {{cite book
|title =Geschichte der Stadt Hannover
|author = Hoppe
|year =1845
|language =German
}}
* {{cite book|author=Friedrich Wilhelm Andreae
|title=Chronik der residenzstadt Hannover
|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=5qMOAAAAYAAJ
|year=1859
|publisher=Finckesche Buchhandlung
|location=Hildesheim |language=German
}}
* {{cite book
|title =Adressbuch, Stadt- und Geschäfts-Handbuch der königlichen Residenzstadt Hannover
|year =1872
|language =German
|via=HathiTrust
|url =http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100509662
}} + [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100509662 1884 ed.]
* {{cite book
|title ={{Interlanguage link multi|Hannoversche Geschichtsblätter|de}}
|publisher =Vereins für die Geschichte der Stadt Hannover
|year = 1898
|language =German
}} ongoing
* {{cite book
|title=[[Brockhaus Enzyklopädie|Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon]]
|location=Leipzig
|publisher=Brockhaus
|year=1896
|edition=14th
|language=German
|volume=8
|chapter=Hannover (Stadt)
|chapterurl= http://hdl.handle.net/2027/njp.32101064064585?urlappend=%3Bseq=881
}}
* {{cite book
|author=Georg Fischer<!--not the skier-->
|author-link=:de:Georg Fischer (GP)
|title=Opern und Concerte im Hoftheater zu Hannover bis 1866
|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=qwwtAAAAYAAJ
|year=1899
|publisher=Hahn
|location=Hanover
|language =German
| ref = {{harvid|Fischer|1899}}
}}
 
; 20. век
* {{cite book
|title =Hannoversche chronik
|author = Otto Jürgens
|author-link = :de:Otto Jürgens
|publisher =Geibel
|location =Hanover
|year =1907
|language =German
|url =http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000570335
}} (chronology)
* {{cite book
|title=Verwaltungsbericht des Magistrats der Koniglichen Haupt- und Residenzstadt Hannover, 1906-07
|trans-title=Management report of the magistrate of the royal residence and capital city of Hanover
|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=sMNHAQAAMAAJ
|year=1908
|publisher=Aug. Eberlein & Co. |location=Hanover |language=German
| ref = {{harvid|Magistrat|1908}}
}}
* {{cite book
|editor=P. Krauss |editor2=E. Uetrecht
|title=Meyers Deutscher Städteatlas |trans-title=Meyer's Atlas of German Cities
|year=1913
|publisher=[[Bibliographisches Institut]]
|location=Leipzig
|language=German
|url=http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009018394
|chapter= Hannover
}}
* {{cite book
|title=Hannover und Hildesheim
|series=[[Griebens Reise-Bibliothek|Griebens Reiseführer]]
|volume=151
|location=Berlin
|publisher=Albert Goldschmidt
|year=1914
|edition=2nd
|language=German
|via=HathiTrust
|url=http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009358124
}}
* {{cite book
|editor=Adelheid von Saldern
|title=Stadt und Moderne: Hannover in der Weimarer Republik
|year=1989
|language=German
|publisher=Ergebnisse|isbn=978-3-925622-51-9
}}
* {{cite book
|editor=Klaus Mlynek
|editor-link=:de:Klaus Mlynek
|editor2=Waldemar R. Röhrbein
|editor2-link=:de:Waldemar R. Röhrbein
|title=Hannover Chronik
|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=5mjlc_rBS3kC
|year=1991
|publisher={{Interlanguage link multi|Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft|de}}
|isbn=978-3-87706-319-4
|language=German
| ref = {{harvid|Mlynek|1991}}
}} (chronology)
* {{cite book
|editor1=Klaus Mlynek |editor2=Waldemar R. Röhrbein |title=Geschichte der Stadt Hannover
|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=lFulkMm-Bd8C
|year=1994
|publisher=Schlütersche|isbn=978-3-87706-364-4
|language=German
}}
* {{cite book|author= Friedrich Lindau
|author-link= :de:Friedrich Lindau
|title=Hannover: Wiederaufbau und Zerstörung; die Stadt im Umgang mit ihrer bauhistorischen Identität
|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=PPjB8Mr3kdwC
|year=2000
|edition=2nd |publisher=Schlütersche|isbn=978-3-87706-659-1
|language =German
| ref = {{harvid|Lindau|2000}}
}}
 
; 21. век
* {{cite book
|title ={{Interlanguage link multi|Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon|de}}
|year =2002
|language =German
}}
* {{cite book
|title ={{Interlanguage link multi|Hannover. Kunst- und Kultur-Lexikon|de}}
|year =2007
|edition=4th
|language =German
}}
* {{citation
|title =Stadtlexikon Hannover
|editor=Klaus Mlynek
|publisher =Schlütersche
|year =2009
|language =German
|via=Google Books
|url = https://books.google.com/books?id=PA4uBQAAQBAJ
| ref = {{harvid|Mlynek|2009}}
|display-editors=etal}}<sup>([[:de:Stadtlexikon Hannover|de]])</sup>
{{refend}}
 
== Спољашње везе ==
{{Портал|Њемачка}}
{{Други пројекти
| commons = Hanover
* -{[http://www.kommon.de/ KommOn]}- - Информациони систем градова, општина и округа. {{de}}
* [http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?latlongtype=decimal&latitude=52.37444&longitude=9.73861&zoom=8 План насеља на мапи (-{Mapquest}-)]
* -{[https://www.niedersachsen-tourism.com/ Official website for tourism, holiday and leisure in Lower Saxony and Hanover]}-
 
{{Authority control}}
{{клица-град-Немачка}}
{{Портал бар|Њемачка}}
 
[[Категорија:Хановер|*]]