Самоа — разлика између измена

8.066 бајтова додато ,  пре 9 месеци
.
м
(.)
{{друго значење2|Самоа}}
{{Short description|Земља у централном Тихом океану}}
{{Кутијица за државе
| име државе = Независна Држава Самоа
| воде = 0,3
| становништво поредак = 188
| становништво = 187820195.843
| извор_становништво = <ref>Национална агенција за статистику [http://www.sbs.gov.ws/]</ref><ref name=census2016>{{cite web |url=http://www.sbs.gov.ws/index.php/population-demography-and-vital-statistics |title=Population & Demography Indicator Summary |publisher=Samoa Bureau of Statistics |accessdate=25 June 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190403053500/http://www.sbs.gov.ws/index.php/population-demography-and-vital-statistics |archive-date=3 April 2019 |url-status=dead }}</ref>
| година пописа = 20112016
| густина становништва = 65
| независност = Од [[Нови Зеланд|Новог Зеланда]]<br />[[1. јануар]]а [[1962]].
'''Самоа''' ({{јез-енгл|Samoa}}, [[Самоански језик|сам]]. ''-{Sāmoa}-''), или званично '''Независна Држава Самоа''' ({{јез-енгл|Independent State of Samoa}}, [[Самоански језик|сам]]. ''-{Malo Saʻoloto Tutoʻatasi o Sāmoa}-''), позната и као ''Западна Самоа'', је [[острвска држава]] у јужном [[Тихи океан|Пацифику]], у [[Полинезија|Полинезији]], [[Океанија]].<ref>[http://millenniumindicators.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm United Nations Statistics Division - Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications]</ref> Ова држава обухвата већи, западни, део [[архипелаг]]а Самоа, па се зове још и '''Западна Самоа''', за разлику од Источне ([[Америчка Самоа]] − америчка територија).
 
Пре стицања независности била је [[Организација уједињених нација|УН]] [[протекторат]], [[Нови Зеланд|новозеландска]] административна прекоморска територија и [[немачка]] колонија. Налази се 2900 -{км}- североисточно од Новог Зеланда. Површина износи 2831 -{км²}-, а главни град је [[Апија]] са 40.000 становника. <ref name="океанија">Денис Шехић, Атлас Америке, Аустралије и Океаније. Политика, 1. изд. {{page1|publisher=|location=Београд|year=2007|isbn=978-86-86809-01-8|pages=}}</ref> Главни извозни производи Самое су риба и [[копра]].
{{rut}}
Samoa is a [[Unitary state|unitary]] [[Parliamentary system|parliamentary democracy]] with [[Politics of Samoa#Administrative divisions|eleven administrative divisions]]. The [[sovereign state]] is a member of the [[Commonwealth of Nations]]. Western Samoa was admitted to the [[Member states of the United Nations#Current members|United Nations]] on 15 December 1976.<ref name="UN">{{cite news | title=List of Member States: S | url =https://www.un.org/members/list.shtml | work =United Nations | accessdate =27 November 2007}}</ref> The entire [[island group]], which includes [[American Samoa]], was called "Navigator Islands" by European explorers before the 20th century because of the Samoans' seafaring skills.<ref>{{cite news |title=The Navigator Islands |newspaper=[[The Argus (Australia)|The Argus]] |date=2 January 1882 |url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11528257}}</ref><ref name="CC">{{cite news|title=Samoa – The Heart of Polynesia |url=http://www.polynesia.com/samoa/island-map.html |work=Polynesian Culture Center |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110724221341/http://www.polynesia.com/samoa/island-map.html |archivedate=24 July 2011 }}</ref> The country was governed by New Zealand until its independence in 1962.
 
In July 2017, [[Va'aletoa Sualauvi II|Tuimalealiifano Va'aletoa Sualauvi II]] became the head of state, succeeding [[Tufuga Efi|Tui Ātua Tupua Tamasese Efi]]. The Prime Minister [[Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi|Tuila'epa]] came back to power after a landslide victory in [[2016 Samoan general election|March 2016]], beginning a fifth term for the premier.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-15655855|title=Samoa country profile|last=|first=|date=23 January 2018|website=BBC News|access-date=}}</ref>
Главни извозни производи Самое су риба и [[копра]].
 
== Историја ==
 
=== Клима ===
Клима је топла тропска с малим температурним колебањима током године и великим количинама падавина.<ref>{{cite news | title = Samoa: Climate | url = http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-54101/Samoa | work = Encyclopædia Britannica | accessdate = 26 November 2007}}</ref> Температуре се крећу од 23&nbsp;°C до 30&nbsp;°C. Бујне [[тропске шуме]] покривају половину територије. Вегетација је тропска (јединствена за ова острва).<ref name="океанија"/>
 
{{Weather box
|width=auto
|location = Апије
|metric first = yes
|single line = yes
|Jan high C = 30.4
|Feb high C = 30.6
|Mar high C = 30.6
|Apr high C = 30.7
|May high C = 30.4
|Jun high C = 30.0
|Jul high C = 29.5
|Aug high C = 29.6
|Sep high C = 29.9
|Oct high C = 30.1
|Nov high C = 30.3
|Dec high C = 30.5
|year high C =
|Jan low C = 23.9
|Feb low C = 24.2
|Mar low C = 24.0
|Apr low C = 23.8
|May low C = 23.4
|Jun low C = 23.2
|Jul low C = 22.6
|Aug low C = 22.8
|Sep low C = 23.1
|Oct low C = 23.4
|Nov low C = 23.6
|Dec low C = 23.8
|year low C =
|precipitation colour = green
|Jan precipitation mm = 489.0
|Feb precipitation mm = 368.0
|Mar precipitation mm = 352.1
|Apr precipitation mm = 211.2
|May precipitation mm = 192.6
|Jun precipitation mm = 120.8
|Jul precipitation mm = 120.7
|Aug precipitation mm = 113.2
|Sep precipitation mm = 153.9
|Oct precipitation mm = 224.3
|Nov precipitation mm = 261.7
|Dec precipitation mm = 357.5
|year precipitation mm =
|source 1 = [[World Meteorological Organization]] (UN)<ref name=WMO>[http://worldweather.wmo.int/184/c01230.htm World Weather Information Service – Apia], World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 15 October 2012.</ref>
|date= August 2010
}}
 
== Административна подела ==
== Референце ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Литература ==
{{Refbegin|30em}}
* Watson, R M, ''History of Samoa'' (Wellington, 1918)
* Meleisea, Malama. ''The Making of Modern Samoa: Traditional Authority and Colonial Administration in the Modern History of Western Samoa''. (Suva, 1987) Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific.
* Schnee, Dr. Heinrich (former Deputy Governor of [[German Samoa]] and last Governor of [[German East Africa]]). 1926. ''German Colonization, Past and Future: The Truth about the German Colonies.'' London: [[George Allen & Unwin]].
* Eustis, Nelson. [1979] 1980. ''[[Aggie Grey]] of Samoa.'' Adelaide, South Australia: Hobby Investments. {{ISBN|0-9595609-0-4}}.
* {{Cite book |author=Stevenson, Robert Louis |title=A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa |publisher=BiblioBazaar |isbn=978-1-4264-0754-3}}
* Mead, Margaret. 1928, ''Coming of Age in Samoa: A Study of Adolescence and Sex in Primitive Societies''.
* Freeman, Derek. 1983. ''Margaret Mead in Samoa: the Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth''.
* Urmenyhazi Attila. 2013 ''Samoan & Marquesan Life in Oceania: a probing travelogue''. {{ISBN|9780646909127}} – National Library of Australia, Bib ID: 6377055.
* Mallon, Sean. 2002. ''Samoan Art and Artists''. O Measina a Samoa. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. {{ISBN|0-8248-2675-2}}
* {{cite journal |last=Gill |first= B.J. |year=1993 |title= The land reptiles of Western Samoa |journal=Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand |volume=23 |number=2 |pages=79–89 |doi=10.1080/03036758.1993.10721219|doi-access=free }}
* {{cite journal |url=http://www.jps.auckland.ac.nz/document/Volume_98_1989/Volume_98,_No._3/New_information_for_the_Ferry_Berth_site,_Mulifanua,_Western_Samoa,_by_H._M._Leach,_p_319-330/p1?page=0&action=searchresult&target= |title=New Information for the Ferry Berth Site, Mulifanua, Western Samoa |first=Roger C. |last=Green |first2=Helen M. |last2=Leach |journal=Journal of the Polynesian Society |volume=98 |issue=3 |year=1989 |pages=319–330 |accessdate=30 January 2011 }}
* {{Cite book|last=Sua'ali'i-Sauni, Tamasailau, editor. Tuagalu, I'uogafa, editor. Kirifi-Alai, Tofilau Nina, editor. Fuamatu, Naomi, editor.|url=http://worldcat.org/oclc/1057446674|title=Su'esu'e manogi = in search of fragrance : Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Ta'isi Efi and the Samoan indigenous reference|isbn=978-1-77550-296-8|oclc=1057446674}}
* {{Cite book|title=International Dictionary of Historic Places, Volume 5: Asia and Oceania|last=|first=|publisher=Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers|year=1996|isbn=1-884964-04-4|editor-last=Schellinger|editor-first=Paul|location=Chicago|pages=724|editor-last2=Salkin|editor-first2=Robert}}
* {{cite book | last = Watson | first = R.M. | title = History of Samoa: THE ADVENT OF THE MISSIONARY. (1830.1839) | year = 1919| pages = Chapter III | url =http://www.samoa.co.uk/books/history-of-samoa/history-of-samoa-3.html | nopp = true}}
* West, Barbara A. (2008). ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=pCiNqFj3MQsC Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania]''. Infobase Publishing. p. 704. {{ISBN|0-8160-7109-8}}
* Stevenson, Robert Louis (1892). ''[http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/536 A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa]'' at Gutenberg. {{ISBN|978-1847187598}}</ref>
* {{cite book |author=Stevenson, Robert Louis |title=A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa|year=1892|publisher=BiblioBazaar |isbn=978-1-4264-0754-3|title-link=A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa}}
{{Refend}}
 
== Спољашње везе ==
{{портал|Географија}}
{{Други пројекти
| commons = Samoa
| wikinews = Самоа
}}
* {{cite web|url=http://www.nzlii.org/nz/legis/hist_act/wsa19611961n68189/ |title= Western Samoa Act, 1961 |publisher= New Zealand Law online |date=1961 }}
* [http://www.samoagovt.ws/ Government of Samoa]
* [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/world-leaders-1/WS.html Chief of State and Cabinet Members]
* {{CIA World Factbook link|ws|Samoa}}
* [http://ucblibraries.colorado.edu/govpubs/for/samoa.htm University of Colorado] from ''UCB Libraries GovPubs''
* {{curlie|Regional/Oceania/Samoa}}
* [https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15655855 Samoa] from the [[BBC News]]
* {{wikiatlas|Samoa}}
* [http://www.samoa.travel Samoa Tourism Authority]
* [http://www.ifs.du.edu/ifs/frm_CountryProfile.aspx?Country=WS Key Development Forecasts for Samoa] from [[International Futures]]
* {{Osmrelation-inline|1872673}}
 
{{Аустралија и Океанија}}
{{Полинезија}}
{{Комонвелт}}
{{Authority control}}
{{портал бар|Географија}}
 
[[Категорија:Самоа|*]]