''Main article: [[History of post-Soviet Russia]]''
[[Слика:October1993crisis.jpg|оквир|лево|The shelling of the [[White House of Russia|Russian White House]], October 4, 1993]]
By the mid-[[1990s]] Russia had a system of multiparty electoral politics. But it was harder to establish a representative government because of two structural problems—the struggle between president and parliament and the anarchic party system. Although Yeltsin had won plaudits abroad for casting himself as a democrat to weaken Gorbachev, his conception of the presidency was highly autocratic. He either acted as his own prime minister (until June []) or appointed men of his choice, regardless of parliament.
Nevertheless, reversion to a socialist command economy seemed almost impossible, meeting widespread relief in the West. Russia's economy has also recovered somewhat since [], thanks to the rapid rise of the world price of oil, by far Russia's largest export, but still remains far from Soviet-era output levels.
After the 1998 financial crisis, Yeltsin was at the end of his political career. Just minutes before the first day of [], Yeltsin made a surprise announcement of his resignation, leaving the government in the hands of the little-known Prime Minister [[ Vladimir Putin]], a former KGB official and head of the KGB's post- Soviet successor agency. In 2000, the new acting president easily defeated his opponents in the presidential election on [[ March 26]] , winning on the first ballot. In 2004 he was reelected with 71 percent of the vote and his allies won legislative elections, but with international and domestic observers citing flaws. International observers were even more alarmed by late [] moves to further tighten the presidency's control over parliament, civil society, and regional officeholders.