Kanabis (lek) — разлика између измена

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'''Kanabis''' (''Marihuana'') je osušeno lišće biljke ''-{[[Конопља|Cannabis sativa]]}-'', koje se koristi kao opojna droga i za medicinske svrhe.<ref name="bookSpanish Word Histories or and Mysteries">{{Cite book | publisher = Houghton Mifflin Harcourt | isbn = 0-618-91054-9, 9780618910540 | last = Company | first = Houghton Mifflin | coauthors = American Heritage Dictionaries | title = Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries | date = 14. 11. 2007. | page = 142 | url = http://books.google.com/?id=VTYBbGybtNEC&pg=PA142}}</ref> Često se i cela biljka naziva ''marihuana''. Ona je jedno od najblažih i najslabijih halucinogenih sredstva.
 
Kanabis sadrži psihoaktivni [[Tetrahidrokanabinol|delta-9-tetrahidrokanabinol]] (-{Δ<sup>9</sup>-THC}-). On je jedno od preko 400 jedinjenje u biljci, uključujući druge [[kanabinoid]]e, kao što su [[kanabidiol]], [[kanabinol]], i [[tetrahidrokanabivarin]], koji mogu da proizvedu senzorne efekte za razliku od psihoaktivnog dejstva THC-a.<ref name="pmid19124693">{{cite journal |author=Fusar-Poli P, Crippa JA, Bhattacharyya S, ''et al.'' |title=Distinct effects of {delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Neural Activation during Emotional Processing |journal= Archives of General Psychiatry |volume=66|issue=1|pages=95–105|year=2009|month=January|pmid=19124693|doi=10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2008.519|url=|accessdate = 26. 099. 2009.}}</ref>
 
U današnje vreme se kanabis koristi kao [[Уживалачка употреба конопље|rekreaciona droga]], u [[Ритуална употреба конопље|verskim ili duhovnim obredima]], ili za [[Медицинска употреба конопље|medicinske svrhe]]. Najraniji zapisi o upotrebi konoplje datiraju iz [[Миленијум|trećeg milenijuma pre nove ere]].<ref name="bookLost Civilisations of the Stone Age">{{Cite book | author = Rudgley, Richard | year = 1998 | title = Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age. | isbn = 0-684-85580-1 | publisher = Free Press | location = New York }}</ref> [[Ujedinjene nacije]] su procenile [[2004]]. da je konzumiranje kanabisa obuhvata 4.0 procenta [[Светска популација|svetske populacije]] (162&nbsp;miliona ljudi), i da oko 0.6 procenata (22.5&nbsp;miliona) ljudi koristi kanabis na dnevnoj bazi.<ref name="articleUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime">{{Cite book | author = United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime | year = 2006 | url = http://www.unodc.org/pdf/WDR_2006/wdr2006_chap2_biggest_market.pdf | format = PDF | title = ''Cannabis'': Why We Should Care. | journal = World Drug Report | volume = 1 | isbn = 92-1-148214-3 | publisher = United Nations | location = S.l. | page = 14}}</ref> Od ranog [[20. vek]]a kanabis je zakonski ograničen, i njegovo posedovanje, upotreba, i prodaja su ilegalni u većini zemalja.<ref>{{cite web|author=|url=http://www.erowid.org/plants/cannabis/cannabis_law.shtml |title=Cannabis: Legal Status |publisher=Erowid.org |date= |accessdate = 30. 10. 2011.}}</ref><ref name='UN-WDR-2010'>{{Cite book | last1 = UNODC | title = World Drug Report 2010 | publisher = United Nations Publication | page = 198 | url = http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/WDR-2010.html | accessdate = 19. 077. 2010.}}</ref>
 
== Vidi još ==
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|publisher = Houghton Mifflin Harcourt | isbn = 0-618-91054-9, 9780618910540 | last = Company | first = Houghton Mifflin | coauthors = American Heritage Dictionaries | title = Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries |year=2007 | page = 142 | url = http://books.google.com/?id=VTYBbGybtNEC&pg=PA142}}
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|last=Rudgley|first=Richard| year = 1998 | title = Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age. | isbn = 0-684-85580-1 | publisher = Free Press | location = New York }}
* {{Cite book |ref= harv|last1 = UNODC | title = World Drug Report 2010 | publisher = United Nations Publication | page = 198 | url = http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/WDR-2010.html | accessdate = 19. 077. 2010.}}
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== Spoljašnje veze ==
1.572.075

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