Ernst Kasirer
Black and white profile picture of Ernst Cassirer
Crno bela profilna slika Ernsta Kasirera
Puno imeErnst Alfred Kasirer
Ime po rođenjuErnst Alfred Cassirer
Datum rođenja28 jul, 1874(1874-07-28)
Mesto rođenjaBreslau, Silesija
 Pruska, Nemačko carstvo
(sad Vroclav, Poljska)
Datum smrti13. april 1945.(1945-04-13) (70 god.)
Mesto smrtiNjujork Siti, Njujork
 SAD
PrebivalištePruska, SAD
Državljanstvonemačko
ObrazovanjeUniverzitet u Marburgu
(PhD, 1899)
Univerzitet u Berlinu
(Dr. phil. habil., 1906)
Zanimanjefilozof
EraFilozofija 20. veka
DelovanjeZapadna filozofija
Radovifilozofija simboličnih formi
Animal symbolicum
ontički strukturni realizam[1]
Stilneokantijanizam (Marburška škola)
fenomenologija
ontički strukturni realizam

Ernst Alfred Kasirer (/kɑːˈsɪərər, kə-/;[2][3][4] 28. jul 1874 – 13. april 1945) bio je nemački filozof. Obučen u neokantijskoj Мarburškoj školi, u početku je pratio svog mentora Hermana Kohena u pokušaju da pruži idealističku filozofiju nauke.

Nakon Kohenove smrti, Kasirer je razvio teoriju simbolizma i iskoristio je da proširi fenomenologiju znanja u opštiju filozofiju kulture. Kasirer je bio jedan od vodećih zagovornika filozofskog idealizma 20. veka. Njegovo najpoznatije delo je Filozofija simboličkih oblika (1923–1929).

Iako je njegov rad doživeo mešovit prijem nedugo nakon njegove smrti, novija gledišta je ukazala na Kasirerovu ulogu oštrog branioca moralnog idealizma doba prosvetiteljstva i uzroka liberalne demokratije u vreme kada je uspon fašizma učinio takvo zalaganje nepopularnim. Unutar međunarodne jevrejske zajednice, Kasirerov rad je takođe posmatran kao deo duge tradicije razmišljanja o etičkoj filozofiji.[5]

Delimična bibliografijaУреди

  • Leibniz' System in seinem wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen (1902)
  • The Problem of Knowledge: Philosophy, Science, and History since Hegel [Das Erkenntnisproblem in der Philosophie und Wissenschaft der neueren Zeit] (1906–1920), English translation 1950 (online edition)
  • "Kant und die moderne Mathematik." Kant-Studien (1907)
  • Substance and Function [Substanzbegriff und Funktionsbegriff] (1910) and Einstein's Theory of Relativity [Einsteinschen Relativitätstheorie ] (1921), English translation 1923 (online edition)
  • Kant's Life and Thought [Kants Leben und Lehre] (1918), English translation 1981
  • Philosophy of Symbolic Forms [Philosophie der symbolischen Formen] (1923–29), English translation 1953–1957
    • Volume One: Language [Erster Teil: Die Sprache] (1923), English translation 1955
    • Volume Two: Mythical Thought [Zweiter Teil: Das mythische Denken] (1925), English translation 1955
    • Volume Three: The Phenomenology of Knowledge [Dritter Teil: Phänomenologie der Erkenntnis] (1929), English translation 1957
  • Language and Myth [Sprache und Mythos] (1925), English translation 1946 by Susanne K. Langer
  • The Individual and the Cosmos in Renaissance Philosophy [Individuum und Kosmos in der Philosophie der Renaissance] (1927), English translation 1963 by Mario Domandi
  • "Erkenntnistheorie nebst den Grenzfragen der Logik und Denkpsychologie." Jahrbücher der Philosophie 3, 31-92 (1927)
  • Die Idee der republikanischen Verfassung (1929)
  • "Kant und das Problem der Metaphysik. Bemerkungen zu Martin Heideggers Kantinterpretation." Kant-Studien 26, 1-16 (1931)
  • Philosophy of the Enlightenment [Die Philosophie der Aufklärung] (1932), English translation 1951
  • Determinism and Indeterminism in Modern Physics: Historical and Systematic Studies of the Problem of Causality [Determinismus und Indeterminismus in der modernen Physik] (1936), English translation 1956
  • The Logic of the Cultural Sciences [Zur Logik der Kulturwissenschaften] (1942), English translation 2000 by Steve G. Lofts (previously translated in 1961 as The Logic of the Humanities)
  • An Essay on Man (written and published in English) (1944) (books.google.com)
  • The Myth of the State (written and published in English) (posthumous) (1946) (books.google.com)
  • Symbol, Myth, and Culture: Essays and Lectures of Ernst Cassirer, 1935-1945, ed. by Donald Phillip Verene (March 11, 1981)
  • Ernst Cassirer: Gesammelte Werke. Hamburger Ausgabe. Electronic Edition. (2016) – The electronic version of the definitive edition of Cassirer's works, published in print by Felix Meiner Verlag, and electronically in the Past Masters series.
  • The Warburg Years (1919-1933): Essays on Language, Art, Myth, and Technology. Translated and with an Introduction by S. G. Lofts with A. Calcagno. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.

ReferenceУреди

  1. ^ "Structural Realism": entry by James Ladyman in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  2. ^ "Cassirer". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  3. ^ „Duden | Ernst | Rechtschreibung, Bedeutung, Definition”. Duden (на језику: немачки). Приступљено 20. 10. 2018. »Ẹrnst« 
  4. ^ „Duden | Cassirer | Rechtschreibung, Bedeutung, Definition”. Duden (на језику: немачки). Приступљено 20. 10. 2018. »Cassirer« 
  5. ^ Gordon, Peter E. „(Book 1) Ernst Cassirer: The Last Philosopher of Culture; (Book 2) The Symbolic Construction of Reality: The Legacy of Ernst Cassirer”. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews. Приступљено 13. 4. 2020. 

LiteraturaУреди

  • Aubenque, Pierre, et al. "Philosophie und Politik: Die Davoser Disputation zwischen Ernst Cassirer und Martin Heidgger in der Retrospektive." Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie, 2: 290-312
  • Barash, Jeffrey Andrew. The Symbolic Construction of Reality: The Legacy of Ernst Cassirer (2008) (excerpt and text search)
  • Burtt, Edwin Arthur. The Methaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science, London: Paul Trencher
  • Folkvord Ingvild & Hoel Aud Sissel (eds.), Ernst Cassirer on Form and Technology: Contemporary Readings, (2012), Basingstoke, Palgrave MacMillan (ISBN 978-0-230-36547-6).
  • Friedman, Michael. A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger (2000) (excerpt and text search)
  • Gordon, Peter Eli. Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos (2010)
  • Krois, John Michael. Cassirer: Symbolic Forms and History (Yale University Press 1987)
  • Lipton, David R. Ernst Cassirer: The Dilemma of a Liberal Intellectual in Germany, 1914-1933 (1978)
  • Lofts. Steve G. Ernst Cassirer: A "Repetition" of Modernity (2000) SUNY Press, ISBN 978-0-791-44495-5: at Google Books
  • Magerski, Christine. "Reaching Beyond the Supra-Historical Sphere: from Cassirer's Philosophy of Symbolic Forms to Bourdieu's Sociology of Symbolic Forms." ´´Pierre Bourdieu and the Field of Cultural Production.´´ Ed. J. Browitt. University of Delaware Press (2004): 21-29.
  • Schilpp, Paul Arthur (ed.). The Philosophy of Ernst Cassirer (1949) archive.org
  • Schultz, William. Cassirer & Langer on Myth (2nd ed. 2000) (excerpt and text search)
  • Skidelsky, Edward. Ernst Cassirer: The Last Philosopher of Culture (Princeton University Press, 2008), 288 pp. ISBN 978-0-691-13134-4.
  • Hardy, Anton G. "Symbol Philosophy and the Opening into Consciousness and Creativity" (2014)

Spoljašnje vezeУреди