Mejer Gugenhajm (/ˈɡʊɡənhm/ guug-ƏN-hyme; 1. februar 1828 – 15. mart 1905)[1] bio je patrijarh onoga što je postalo poznato kao Gugenhajm familija u Sjedinjenim Državama, koja je postala jedna od najbogatijih porodica na svetu tokom 19. veka, i zadržala taj status tokom 20. veka.

Mejer Gugenhajm
Mejer Gugenhajm
Mejer Gugenhajm
Ime po rođenjuMeyer Guggenheim
Datum rođenja1 februar, 1828(1828-02-01)
Mesto rođenjaLengnau, Argau
 Švajcarska
Datum smrti15. mart 1905.(1905-03-15) (77 god.)
Mesto smrtiFalm Bič, Florida
 SAD
PrebivališteSAD
Državljanstvošvajcarsko, američko
SupružnikBarbara Majers
(в. 1852 —  njena smrt 1900)
Deca10

Detinjstvo i mladostУреди

Gugenhajm je rođen u Lengnau, Argau, Švajcarska, 1. februara 1828. On je bio sin Sajmona Majera Gugenhajma i Šafeli (devojački Levinger) Gugenhajm, i bio je Aškenaskog porekla.[2]

KarijeraУреди

Nakon što je 1847. emigrirao iz Švajcarske u Sjedinjene Države,[3] on je započeo novi život u uvoznom poslu. Konačno je bogatstvo (jedno od najvećih u 19. veku) stekao poslovnim poduhvatima u rudarstvu i topionicama, uglavnom u Sjedinjenim Državama.[3]

Nakon ulaganja u rudnike srebra u rudarskom okrugu Lidvil u Koloradu, proširio se na topljenje rude u Koloradu. On je izgradio niz topionica širom Sjedinjenih Država i na severu Meksika. Kako je nekoliko njegovih sinova odrastalo, oni su preuzeli vodeću ulogu u porodičnom rudarskom i topioničarskom poslu.[4]

Lični životУреди

Gugenhajm je upoznao Barbaru Majers (1834–1900), koja je isto tako bila imigrant na brodu u Sjedinjene Države, a oženio ju je četiri godine kasnije oko 1852.[5] Zajedno su bili roditelji desetoro preživele dece.

Pet od njihovih sedam sinova bilo je aktivno u porodičnim preduzećima, uključujući:[2]

Nakon smrti njegove supruge 1900. godine, Gugenhajm i njegovi sinovi su donirali $200.000 Maunt Sinaj bolnici za izgradnju bolnice u njenu čast.[18] Gugenhajm je umro 15. marta 1905. godine u Palm Biču u Floridi.[1] On je sahranjen na groblju Sejlem Filds u Bruklinu, Njujork.[19]

PotomciУреди

Preko sina Bendžamina, Gugenhajm je bio deda kolekcionarke umetnosti i člana višeg društva Pegi Gugenhajm.[20]

ReferenceУреди

  1. ^ а б „MEYER GUGGENHEIM, SMELTER KING, DEAD; Severe Cold Terminated Fatally at Palm Beach. HAD REMARKABLE CAREER Started as Stove Polish Vendor and Finally, with His Seven Sons, Built Up Great Smelting Industry.” (PDF). The New York Times. 17. 3. 1905. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  2. ^ а б Davis, John H. (1994). The Guggenheims: An American Epic  (на језику: енглески). New York: S.P.I. Books. ISBN 9781561713516. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  3. ^ а б „Meyer Guggenheim”. Encyclopedia. Encyclopædia Britannica. Приступљено 5. 4. 2013. 
  4. ^ National Mining Hall of Fame, Meyer Guggenheim Архивирано на сајту Wayback Machine (22. фебруар 2014), accessed 13 January 2014
  5. ^ Reme, Jim; Navarra, Tova; R.N, Tova Navarra (2002). Monmouth University (на језику: енглески). Arcadia Publishing. стр. 29. ISBN 9780738510101. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  6. ^ „ISAAC GUGGENHEIM DIES IN ENGLAND; Overcome by Sudden Illness After Greeting a Friend in Southampton. LEADER IN MINING INDUSTRY Identified With Large Industrial Interests of His Family--Body to Be Brought Here.” (PDF). The New York Times. 11. 10. 1922. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  7. ^ „DANIEL GUGGENHEIM DIES SUDDENLY AT 74 OF HEART DISEASE Philanthropist, Capitalist and Patron of the Arts Succumbs at Port Washington Home. SET UP AERONAUTICS FUND $2,500,000 Gift the Basis of Important Research—Liberal Donor to Many Charities. HE WON WEALTH IN MINING A Friend of Labor, He Had Wide Interests in Industry—Leaders in Many Fields Pay Tribute. A Life of Usefulness. DANIEL GUGGENHEIM DIES SUDDENLY AT 74 Began Work in Switzerland. Was Progressive in Business. Many Business Connections. An Ardent Humanitarian. Devoted to Art. Aeronautics School Created. PHILANTHROPIST CALLED BY DEATH. BRITISH PRAISE GUGGENHEIM. Newspapers Pay Tribute to His Aid to Aviation.” (PDF). The New York Times. 29. 9. 1930. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  8. ^ „M. GUGGENHEIM, 81, FINANCIER, IS DEAD Senior Member of the Family Company Was Son of Mining and Smelting Leader NOTED FOR HIS CHARITIES Founder of Dental Clinic and Patron of Music—Served in Many Directorships Founded a Foundation Became Smelting Director $1,900,000 in Grants” (PDF). The New York Times. 16. 11. 1939. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  9. ^ „S. R. GUGGENHEIM, MINE OWNER, DIES -- Last of Famous Brothers, Known as an Art Patron, Was 88 Years Old” (PDF). The New York Times. 3. 11. 1949. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  10. ^ Hoy, Edwin Palmer (1967). The Guggenheims and the American Dream (на језику: енглески). Funk & Wagnalls. стр. 267. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  11. ^ „GUGGENHEIM, DYING, SENT WIFE MESSAGE Tried to Do His Duty, He Asked Steward to Tell Her.” (PDF). The New York Times. 20. 4. 1912. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  12. ^ „W. SELIGMAN KILLS HIMSELF IN A HOTEL; Son of Founder of J. & W. Seligman & Co. Found Dead at the Gerard.” (PDF). The New York Times. 13. 2. 1912. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  13. ^ „S.GUGGENHEIM, 73, FINANCIER, IS DEAD; One of 7 Famous Brothers, Was Smelting Firm Head, an Ex-Senator, Philanthropist” (PDF). The New York Times. 4. 11. 1941. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  14. ^ „WM. GUGGENHEIM, INDUSTRIALIST, DIES; Philanthropist Was Youngest of Meyer Guggenheim's 7 Sons--Stricken Here ALSO KNOWN AS AUTHOR Managed His Father's Mining Interests in Mexico Before Retirement in 1901” (PDF). The New York Times. 28. 6. 1941. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  15. ^ „Mrs. Rose G. Quicke” (PDF). The New York Times. 15. 2. 1945. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  16. ^ „MRS. ROSE LOEB WED TO CAPT. C.E. QUICKE Married in the Ritz Apartment of the Bride's Brother, Daniel Guggenheim.” (PDF). The New York Times. 12. 12. 1924. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  17. ^ „MRS. ROTHSCHILD DEAD; Last of the 9 Children of Meyer Guggenheim Was 83”. The New York Times. 14. 12. 1956. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  18. ^ „$200,000 GIFT TO MT. SINAI Meyer Guggenheim and His Sons Provide for a New Hospital. Directors Yesterday Voted to Accept the Donation with Its Conditions — Memorial to Mrs. Guggenheim.” (PDF). The New York Times. 23. 4. 1900. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  19. ^ „MEYER GUGGENHEIM BURIED. "His Success Was Not by Tearing Down" Says Dr. Silverman” (PDF). The New York Times. 20. 3. 1905. Приступљено 11. 9. 2019. 
  20. ^ Shenker, Israel (24. 12. 1979). „Peggy Guggenheim Is Dead at 81; Known for Modern Art Collection”. Encyclopedia Titanica. 

LiteraturaУреди

Spoljašnje vezeУреди