Robert Norton Nojs (12. decembar 1927 – 3. jun 1990), s nadimkom „gradonačelnik Silikonske doline”, bio je američki fizičar koji je koosnivač Ferčild poluprovodnika 1957. godine i Intel korporacije 1968. godine. Njemu se pridaju zasluge za realizaciju prvog monolitičkog integralnog kola ili mikročipa, što je podstaklo revoluciju personalnih računara i dalo ime Silikonskoj dolini.[1][nb 1]

Robert Nojs
Robert Noyce with Motherboard 1959.png
Puno imeRobert Norton Nojs
Ime po rođenjuRobert Norton Noyce
Druga imenaRobert Noyce
Datum rođenja12 decembar, 1927(1927-12-12)
Mesto rođenjaBerlington, Ajova
 SAD
Datum smrti3. jun 1990.(1990-06-03) (62 god.)
Mesto smrtiOstin, Teksas
 SAD
PrebivališteSAD
Državljanstvoameričko
UniverzitetGrinel koledž
MIT
Zanimanjefizičar, biznismen
Delovanjekoosnivač Ferčild poluprovodnika i Intela
SupružnikElizabet Botomli
En Bauers
Deca4
NagradeFaradejova medalja (1979)
Harold Penderova medalja (1980)
Džon Fricova medalja (1989)

PatentiУреди

Nojsu je odobreno 15 patenata. Njegovi patenti su ovde navedeni po redosledu izdavanja, a ne po datum podnošenja.

  • U.S. Patent 2.875.141 Method and apparatus for forming semiconductor structures, filed August 1954, issued February 1959, assigned to Philco Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 2.929.753 Transistor structure and method, filed April 1957, issued March 1960, assigned to Beckmann Instruments
  • U.S. Patent 2.959.681 Semiconductor scanning device, filed June 1959, issued November 1960, assigned to Fairchild Semiconductor
  • U.S. Patent 2.968.750 Transistor structure and method of making the same, filed March 1957, issued January 1961, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 2.971.139 Semiconductor switching device, filed June 1959, issued February 1961, assigned to Fairchild Semiconductor
  • U.S. Patent 2.981.877 Semiconductor Device and Lead Structure, filed July 1959, issued April 1961, assigned to Fairchild Semiconductor
  • U.S. Patent 3.010.033 Field effect transistor, filed January 1958, issued November 1961, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.098.160 Field controlled avalanche semiconductive device, filed February 1958, issued July 1963, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.108.359 Method for fabricating transistors, filed June 1959, issued October 1963, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.111.590 Transistor structure controlled by an avalanche barrier, filed June 1958, issued November 1963, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.140.206 Method of making a transistor structure (coinventor William Shockley), filed April 1957, issued July 1964, assigned to Clevite Corporation
  • U.S. Patent 3.150.299 Semiconductor circuit complex having isolation means, filed September 1959, issued September 1964, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.183.129 Method of forming a semiconductor, filed July 1963, issued May 1965, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.199.002 Solid state circuit with crossing leads, filed April 1961, issued August 1965, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.
  • U.S. Patent 3.325.787 Trainable system, filed October 1964, issued June 1967, assigned to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp.

Napomena: Godine 1960, Klevit korporacija je kupila Šoklijevu poluprovodničku laboratoriju, podružnicu kompanije Bekman Instruments, za koju je Nojs radio.[2]

NapomeneУреди

  1. ^ While Kilby's invention was six months earlier, neither man rejected the title of co-inventor.

ReferenceУреди

  1. ^ Lécuyer, p. 129
  2. ^ „Clevite Corp. Acquires Shockley Transistor Corp.”. Electronic Design. 27. 4. 1960. Приступљено 22. 2. 2019. 

LiteraturaУреди

Spoljašnje vezeУреди