Nikos Kazantzakis (грч. Νίκος Καζαντζάκης, 18. februar 1883 – 26. oktobar 1957) bio je grčki pisac. Široko smatran velikanom moderne grčke književnosti, on je bio nominovan tokom devet godina za Nobelovu nagradu za književnost.[2]

Nikos Kazantzakis
Nikos Kazantzakis.jpg
Datum rođenja18 februar 1883(1883-02-18)
Mesto rođenjaIraklion, otomanski Krit
 Otomansko carstvo (sad Iraklion, Grčka)
Datum smrti26. oktobar 1957.(1957-10-26) (74 god.)
Mesto smrtiFrajburg
 Zapadna Nemačka (sad Nemačka)
PrebivališteGrčka
Državljanstvogrčko
UniverzitetUniverzitet u Atini
(1902–1906; LL.D., 1906)[1]
Univerzitet u Parizu
(1907–1909; Dr, 1909)[1]
ZanimanjePesnik, romanopisac, esejista, putopisac, filozof, dramatičar, novinar, prevodilac
Potpis
Nikos-kazantzakis-signature.svg

Kazantzakisovi romani obuhvataju: Grk Zorba (objavljen 1946. kao Život i vremena Aleksisa Zorbasa), Ponovo razapeti Hrist (1948), Kapetan Mihalis (1950, u prevodu Sloboda ili smrt) i Poslednje Hristovo iskušenje (1955). On je pisao i drame, putopise, memoare i filozofske eseje poput Spasitelj Boga: Duhovne vežbe. Njegova slava proširila se u engleskom govornom području zbog filmskih adaptacija Grka Zorbe (1964) i Poslednjeg Hristovog iskušenja (1988).

On je preveo niz zapaženih dela na moderni grčki jezik, poput Božanstvene komedije, Tako je govorio Zaratustra i Ilijade.

BibliografijaУреди

 
Plaketa za Kazantzakisa, 13 rue Du Sommerard, Pariz
 
Bista u Iraklionu
 
Razglednica od Nikosa Kazantzakisa svom lekaru Maks-Hermanu Herderu, 13. septembra 1957, Čungking

Odiseja: Moderni nastavakУреди

  • The Odyssey [Selekcija iz], delimičnog prevoda u prozi Kimona Frajara, Bdenje 12 (1953), pp. 58–65.
  • The Odyssey, izvod iz prevoda Kimona Frajar, Čikaški pregled 8, No. 2 (proleće/leto 1954), pp. 12–18.
  • „The Return of Odysseus”, delimični prevod Kimona Frajara, Atlantik mesečno 195, Br. 6 (jun 1955), pp. 110–112.
  • The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, potpun prevod stihova Kimona Frajar, Njujork: Sajmon & Šuster, 1958; London: Seker i Vorberg, 1958.
  • „Death, the Ant”, iz The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, Book XV, 829–63, prevod Kimona Frajar, The Charioteer, No. 1 (Summer 1960), p. 39.

PutopisiУреди

  • Spain, prevod Ejmi Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1963.
  • Japan, China, prevod Džordža K. Papageotesa, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1963; objavljeno u Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu kao Travels in China & Japan, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1964; London: Faber and Faber, 1964.
  • England, prevod Ejmi Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1965; Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1965.
  • Journey to Morea, prevod F. A. Rid, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1965; objavljeno u Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu kao Travels in Greece, Journey to Morea, Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1966.
  • Journeying: Travels in Italy, Egypt, Sinai, Jerusalem and Cyprus, prevod Timija Vasils i Teodore Vasils, Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown and Company, 1975; San Francisco: Creative Arts Books Co., 1984.
  • Russia, prevod A. Maskalerisa i M. Antonakis, Creative Arts Books Co, 1989.

NoveleУреди

  • Zorba the Greek, Prevod Karla Vildmana, London, John Lehmann, 1952; New York, Simon & Schuster, 1953; Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1959; London & Boston: Faber and Faber, 1961 and New York: Ballantine Books, 1964.
  • The Greek Passion, prevod Džonatana Grifina, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1954; New York, Ballantine Books, 1965; published in the United Kingdom as Christ Recrucified, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1954; London: Faber and Faber, 1954.
  • Freedom or Death, prevod Džonatana Grifina, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1954; New York: Ballantine, 1965; published in the United Kingdom as Freedom or Death, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1956; London: Faber and Faber, 1956.
  • The Last Temptation, prevod Pitera A. Bina, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1960; New York, Bantam Books, 1961; Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1961; London: Faber and Faber, 1975.
  • Saint Francis, prevod Pitera A. Bina, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1962; published in the United Kingdom as God's Pauper: Saint Francis of Assisi, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1962, 1975; London: Faber and Faber, 1975.
  • The Rock Garden, prevod sa francuskog (u kome je napisan original) Ričard Houarda, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1963.
  • The Fratricides, prevod Atine Gianakas Dalas, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1964; Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1964.
  • Toda Raba, prevod sa francuskog (u kome je originalno napisan) Ejmi Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1964.
  • Report to Greco — pogledajte pod 'Memoirs, essays and letters'
  • Alexander the Great. A Novel [za decu], prevod Teodore Vasils, Athens (Ohio): Ohio University Press, 1982.
  • At the Palaces of Knossos. A Novel [za decu], prevod Timi i Teodora Vasilis, urednik Teodora Vasilis, London: Oven, 1988. Adaptirano iz originalnog manuskripta napisanog pisaćom mašinom.
  • Father Yanaros [iz novele The Fratricides], prevod Teodor Sampson, u Modern Greek Short Stories, Vol. 1, edited by Kyr. Delopoulos, Athens: Kathimerini Publications, 1980.
  • Serpent and Lily, prevod Teodore Vasils, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

DrameУреди

  • Julian the Apostate: Prvo postavljeno u Parizu, 1948.
  • Three Plays: Melissa, Kouros, Christopher Columbus, prevod Atine Gianakas-Dalas, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1969.
  • Christopher Columbus, prevod Atine Gianakas-Dalas, Kentfield (CA): Allen Press, 1972. Izdanje ograničeno na 140 kopija.
  • From Odysseus, A Drama, delimični prevod M. Bajrona Rajizisa, "The Literary Review" 16, No. 3 (Spring 1973), p. 352.
  • Comedy: A Tragedy in One Act, prevod Kimona Frajara, "The Literary Review" 18, No. 4 (Summer 1975), pp. 417–454 {61}.
  • Sodom and Gomorrah, A Play, prevod Kimona Frajara, "The Literary Review" 19, No. 2 (Winter 1976), pp. 122–256 (62).
  • Two plays: Sodom and Gomorrah and Comedy: A Tragedy in One Act, prevod Kimona Frajara, Minneapolis: North Central Publishing Co., 1982.
  • Buddha, prevod Kimona Frajara i Atine Dalas-Damis, San Diego (CA): Avant Books, 1983.

Memoari, eseji i korespondencijaУреди

  • The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises, prevod Kimona Frajara, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960.
  • Report to Greco, prevod Pitera A. Bina, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1965; Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1965; London: Faber and Faber, 1965; New York: Bantan Books, 1971.
  • Symposium, prevod Teodora Vasilsa, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1974; New York: Minerva Press, 1974.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche on the Philosophy of Right and the State, prevod O. Makridisa, New York: State University of NY Press, 2007.
  • From The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises, prevod Kimona Frajara, "The Charioteer", No. 1 (Summer 1960), pp. 40–51; reprinted in "The Charioteer" 22 and 23 (1980/1981), pp. 116–129 {57}.
  • The Suffering God: Selected Letters to Galatea and to Papastephanou, prevod Filipa Rampa i Katerine Angelaki-Ruk, New Rochelle (NY): Caratzas Brothers, 1979.
  • The Angels of Cyprus, prevod Ejmi Mims, u Cyprus '74: Aphrodite's Other Face, edited by Emmanuel C. Casdaglis, Athens: National Bank of Greece, 1976.
  • Burn Me to Ashes: An Excerpt, prevod Kimona Frajara, "Greek Heritage" 1, No. 2 (Spring 1964), pp. 61–64.
  • Christ (poezija), prevod Kimona Frajar, "Journal of Hellenic Diaspora" (JHD) 10, No. 4 (Winter 1983), pp. 47–51 (60).
  • Drama and Contemporary Man, An Essay, prevod Pitera Bina, "The Literary Review" 19, No. 2 (Winter 1976), pp. 15–121 {62}.
  • „He Wants to Be Free – Kill Him!” A Story, prevod Atine G. Dalas, "Greek Heritage" 1, No. 1 (Winter 1963), pp. 78–82.
  • The Homeric G.B.S., "The Shaw Review" 18, No. 3 (Sept. 1975), pp. 91–92. Grčki original napisan za radio emisiju BBC inostranog servisa na grčkom jeziku iz 1946. godine, povodom devedesetog rođendana Džordža Bernarda Šoa.
  • Hymn (Allegorical), prevod M. Byron Raizis, "Spirit" 37, No. 3 (Fall 1970), pp. 16–17.
  • Two Dreams, prevod Pitera Mekridža, "Omphalos" 1, No. 2 (Summer 1972), p. 3.
  • Nikos Kazantzakis Pages at the Historical Museum of Crete
  • Peter Bien (ed. and tr.), The Selected Letters of Nikos Kazantzakis (Princeton, PUP, 2011) (Princeton Modern Greek Studies).

AntologijeУреди

  • A Tiny Anthology of Kazantzakis. Remarks on the Drama, 1910–1957, kompilacija Pitera Bina, "The Literary Review" 18, No. 4 (Summer 1975), pp. 455–459 {61}.

ReferenceУреди

LiteraturaУреди

  • Pandelis Prevelakis, Nikos Kazantzakis and His Odyssey. A Study of the Poet and the Poem, translated from the Greek by Philip Sherrard, with a prefaction by Kimon Friar, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1961.
  • Peter Bien, Nikos Kazantzakis, 1962; New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.
  • Peter Bien, Nikos Kazantzakis and the Linguistic Revolution in Greek Literature, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1972.
  • Peter Bien, Tempted by happiness. Kazantzakis' post-Christian Christ Wallingford, Pa.: Pendle Hill Publications, 1984.
  • Peter Bien, Kazantzakis. Politics of the Spirit, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989.
  • Darren J. N. Middleton and Peter Bien, ed., God's struggler. Religion in the Writings of Nikos Kazantzakis, Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1996
  • Darren J. N. Middleton, Novel Theology: Nikos Kazantzakis' Encounter with Whiteheadian Process Theism, Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2000.
  • Darren J. N. Middleton, Scandalizing Jesus?: Kazantzakis' 'Last Temptation of Christ' Fifty Years On, New York: Continuum, 2005.
  • Darren J. N. Middleton, Broken Hallelujah: Nikos Kazantzakis and Christian Theology, Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006.
  • Helen Kazantzakis, Nikos Kazantzakis. A biography based on his letters, translated by Amy Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1968; Bruno Cassirer, Oxford, 1968; Berkeley: Creative Arts Book Co. for Donald S. Ellis, 1983.
  • John (Giannes) Anapliotes, The real Zorbas and Nikos Kazantzakis, translated by Lewis A. Richards, Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1978.
  • James F. Lea, Kazantzakis: The Politics of Salvation, foreword by Helen Kazantzakis, The University of Alabama Press, 1979.
  • Kimon Friar, The spiritual odyssey of Nikos Kazantzakis. A talk, edited and with an introduction by Theofanis G. Stavrou, St. Paul, Minn.: North Central Pub. Co., 1979.
  • Morton P. Levitt, The Cretan Glance, The World and Art of Nikos Kazantzakis, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1980.
  • Daniel A. Dombrowski, Kazantzakis and God, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.
  • Colin Wilson and Howard F. Dossor, Nikos Kazantzakis, Nottingham: Paupers, 1999.
  • Dossor, Howard F The Existential Theology of Nikos Kazantzakis Wallingford Pa (Pendle Hill Pamphlets No 359), 2002
  • Lewis Owen, Creative Destruction: Nikos Kazantzakis and the Literature of Responsibility, Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2003.
  • Ioannis G. Zaglaris, "Nikos Kazantzakis and thought leadership", 2013.
  • Ioannis G. Zaglaris, "Nikos Kazantzakis - end of time due to copyright", GISAP: Educational Sciences, 4, pp. 53-54, 2014
  • Ioannis G. Zaglaris, "Challenge in Writing", 2015

Spoljašnje vezeУреди