Drakula je izmišljeni lik, verovatno najpoznatiji vampir u literaturi i na filmu. Stvorio ga je irski pisac Brem Stoker 1897. godine napisavši horor roman Drakula.

Grof Drakula
Bela Lugosi as Dracula, anonymous photograph from 1931, Universal Studios.jpg
Bela Lugosi kao grof Drakula u filmu iz 1931. godine Drakula
Informacije
NadimakZlo oko[1]
Šejtan
Pakao
Veštac
Vukodlak
Vampir[2]
D.[3]
Nosferatu
Drak
AlijasDrakula
Grof de Vil[4]
g. de Vil[5]
VrstaVampir
Nemrtav čovek
Dampir
Vukodlak[6][7]
TitulaTransilvanijski plemić[8]
Vojvoda[9]
Solomonari[10]
Vampirski kralj[11]
Bela Lugoši kao grof Drakula

Istorijski lik Drakula, Vlad Drakula III, živio je u 15. veku u Vlaškoj.[12] Na jednom sastanku sa mađarskim orijentalistom Vamberijem, Stoker se zainteresovao za priče i legende o Vladu Drakulei kog je posle toga i uzeo kao uzor za lik u romanu Drakula. Navedenog Vamberija spominje čak i lik romana Van Helsing.

FilmoviUredi

Film Srpski naziv Godina Režiser
Dracula Drakula 1931 Tod Brauning
Drácula (1931 Spanish-language film) Drakula 1931 Džordž Melford
Son of Dracula Sin Drakule 1943 Robert Siodmak
House of Dracula Drakuline kuće 1945 Erle C. Kenton
Horror of Dracula 1958 Terens Fišer
The Brides of Dracula 1960 Terens Fišer
Dracula: Prince of Darkness 1966 Terens Fišer
Billy the Kid Versus Dracula 1966 William Beaudine
Dracula Has Risen from the Grave 1968 Fredi Francis
Taste the Blood of Dracula 1969 Peter Sasdy
Scars of Dracula 1970 Roy Ward Baker
Count Dracula 1970 Hesus Franko
Dracula A.D. 1972 1972 Alan Gibson
The Satanic Rites of Dracula 1973 Alan Gibson
Count Dracula's Great Love 1973 Javier Aguirre
Bram Stoker's Dracula 1974 Dan Kurtis
Count Dracula 1977 Philip Saville
Dracula Drakula 1979 John Badham
Bram Stoker's Dracula 1992 Fransis Ford Kopola
Dracula 2000 Drakula 2000 2000 Patrik Lusier
Dracula Drakula 2002 Rodžer Jang
Dracula II: Ascension 2003 Patrik Lusier
Dracula 3000 Drakula 3000 2004 Darrell Roodt
Van Helsing Van Helsing 2004 Stiven Somers
Dracula III: Legacy 2005 Patrik Lusier
Dracula Drakula 2006 Bill Eagles
Bram Stoker's Dracula's Curse 2006 Leigh Scott
Dracula 3D 2012 Dario Argento
Dracula: The Dark Prince 2013 Pearry Reginald Teo
Dracula Untold 2014 Gary Shore
Dracula 2020 Jonny Campbell,Damon Thomas,Paul McGuigan

Opis likaUredi

Ovaj književni lik opisan je kao bled, dugih očnjaka, šiljatih ušiju, ogrnut crnim plaštom, pije svežu krv, transformiše se u druge životinje, podmlađuje se, čini ljude vampirom. Kao i svaki vampir, Drakula se boji belog luka, krsta, svetlosti, a može umreti ukoliko se probode glogovim kolcem kroz srce.[13]

ReferenceUredi

  1. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). str. 10, 14, 499, 517. 
  2. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). Chapter 2, Johnathon Harker's Journal. str. 9. »‘Ordog’—Satan, ‘Pokol’—hell, ‘stregoica’—witch, ‘vrolok’ and ‘vlkoslak’—both mean the same thing, one being Slovak and the other Servian for something that is either werewolf or vampire.« 
  3. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). Ch 23, Dr Seward's Diary. str. 436. »‘Look out for D. He has just now, 12:45, come from Carfax hurriedly and hastened towards the South.« 
  4. ^ Stoker, Bram. Drracula (PDF). Chapter 20, Johnathon Harker's Journal, LETTER, MITCHELL, SONS & CANDY TO LORD GODALMING, October 1st. str. 391. »The purchaser is a foreign nobleman, Count de Ville« 
  5. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). Chapter 6, Johnathon Harker's Journal. str. 500. »He had received a letter from Mr. de Ville of London« 
  6. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). str. 9, 42. 
  7. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula's Guest (PDF). str. 11. »"A wolf--and yet not a wolf!" another put in shudderingly. "No use trying for him without the sacred bullet."« 
  8. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). Chapter 2, Johnathon Harker's Journal. str. 35. »We Transylvanian nobles love not to think that our bones may lie amongst the common dead.« 
  9. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). str. 43, 344. 
  10. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). Chapter 18, Dr. Seward's Diary. str. 344. 
  11. ^ Stoker, Bram. Dracula (PDF). Ch 27, DR. VAN HELSING’S MEMORANDUM, 5 November. str. 531. »DRACULA This then was the Undead home of the King Vampire, to whom so many more were due.« 
  12. ^ „Koga god Drakula pozove na gozbu, taj neće dobro proći”. Alo. Pristupljeno 27. 1. 2020. 
  13. ^ „Moje ime je Drakula, a vi ste?”. Wannabemagazine. Pristupljeno 27. 1. 2020. 

LiteraturaUredi

  • Clive Leatherdale (1985) Dracula: the Novel and the Legend. Desert Island Books.
  • Bram Stoker (1897) Dracula. Norton Critical Edition (1997) edited by Nina Auerbach and David J. Skal.
  • Senf, Carol. Dracula: Between Tradition and Modernism (Twayne, 1998).
  • Senf, Carol A. Bram Stoker. University of Wales Press, 2010.

Spoljašnje vezeUredi